Death on the Rise

Posted: February 1, 2018 in Genesis, Uncategorized

Genesis 4-5, “Death on the Rise”

It’s been said that there are two things that are unavoidable: death and taxes. Comparatively speaking, the easier one for some people to deal with is death. After all, death only comes around once; taxes have to be filed every year. 😊 Despite what some do attempting to avoid it, death comes to everyone. Even the healthiest among us still eventually die, though the quality of their final years is far better than the average person. Today, the death rate remains at a steady 100% – one out of every one person dies.

It can be difficult to imagine a day when death actually increased, yet that is exactly what happened at the beginning of human history. First mankind lived, and death took place one-by-one over time as generations passed from one to another. Just as we all eventually get to a point in life when we start attending more funerals than weddings, so there was a time on the earth when funerals first began. Imagine what it was like to attend the first funeral in history? Surely it was as shocking as it could possibly be.

How did it happen? When God created the universe, everything was good…very good. The Lord was pleased with what He had done, as everything of the world and on the world was perfect. The one thing God saw needed changing was that His special creation of man needed a true equal helper, and that was when He created woman. The first humans enjoyed perfect fellowship with God in full obedience to Him, all until the one day that sin entered the world after an encounter with Satan.

Disguised as a serpent, the devil caused Eve to question God’s word & God’s character – he pricked the pride of the woman (and the man), causing the humans to think that they could be just like God. Adam & Eve took the bait when they ate of the forbidden fruit, and they brought upon themselves the curse of God. To Adam, God said that the man would now labor and toil over the ground, one day destined to return to it in death. To Eve, God declared that the woman would labor in childbirth, and that she would long for the position from which she fell. Both husband and wife were evicted from the Garden of Eden – both a punishment and mercy. Although they were forced to leave the perfect place designed for them by God, God protected them from eating of the tree of life – something that would have forced them to stay in their fallen state for all eternity.

Of course, that wasn’t all. The curse to the serpent was to eventually face a promised Savior. The woman would bear a Seed, a specific offspring of her own – and this Child would one day crush the head of the serpent, righting everything that went wrong in the Garden. From the very beginning, God had a plan for the redemption of mankind, and it all began that day.

Yet before the promised Seed could bring life, first came the consequences of death. Although spiritual death came to Adam and Eve the moment they ate of the fruit, their bodies lived on, and death for them would not come for many years (centuries!). Sadly, death would intrude far sooner than Adam’s funeral. With the first children came the first crimes, and the human race began its quick downward spiral into sin and despair. Soon, death was the common denominator behind all men, which Genesis 4-5 demonstrate.

The good news is that a comforter was on the way. God’s promise of a Savior Seed was still valid, and hope is found in Him. Don’t despair; look to Jesus. In the face of certain death, He offers certain life!

Genesis 4 – Cain & Consequences

  • Cain’s Crime (1-15)

1 Now Adam knew Eve his wife, and she conceived and bore Cain, and said, “I have acquired a man from the LORD.” 2 Then she bore again, this time his brother Abel. Now Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.

  1. Life continues. Here is the mercy of God. The two people could have been killed in the Garden, yet God allowed them to live – every new day would have been to them a reminder of new mercies & new grace. As Jeremiah would write many centuries later: it is because of the Lord’s mercies the were “not consumed, because His compassions fail not. They are new every morning.” (Lam 3:22-23) (Do you appreciate those mercies?)
  2. Cain” likely derived from a word meaning “acquired.” Eve saw him as a gift of God, perhaps looking to him as the fulfillment of the promised Seed. Sadly, her hope was misplaced. “Abel” is a bit uncertain. Scripture does not record a specified meaning for his name, but it is potentially related to a word meaning “breath, vapor, vanity.” Perhaps a bit of ominous foreshadowing of the shortness of his life.
  3. Both sons were agricultural, but one was a farmer & the other a rancher. Why was Abel a shepherd when humans did not yet eat meat? Perhaps he raised sheep for sacrifices & worship – perhaps he raised them for dairy products. Ultimately, the Scripture doesn’t tell us.
  4. What Scripture does tell us is about their relationship with God. Vs. 3…

3 And in the process of time it came to pass that Cain brought an offering of the fruit of the ground to the LORD. 4 Abel also brought of the firstborn of his flock and of their fat. And the LORD respected Abel and his offering, 5 but He did not respect Cain and his offering. …

  1. Cain brought an offering/tribute; Abel brought of his firstborns’ fat. Contrary to some well-meaning Bible teachers, this doesn’t mean that an animal offering was automatically better. Later Mosaic law did allow for grain offerings, after all – and Cain could not offer what he did not have. The text seems to look past the content of their offering to the quality of their offering. Both brought something, but only one brought of his best. Each brother offered something in worship; only one offered something in faith. Hebrews 11:4, “By faith Abel offered to God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, through which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts; and through it he being dead still speaks.” Whatever it was brought by Abel, it was brought in faith. It was brought in hope of the character of God, and looking forward to the promise of God. (Eph 2:8-9 applies to OT & NT alike!)
  2. What exactly all of this looked like on the outside is unknown, but God definitely saw a difference between them. He “respected” one, but not the other. e. He “gazed steadily / regarded” one, but not the other.
    1. God knows the state of our hearts! That’s true in saving faith… True in worship… True in giving… Whatever you bring, bring in faith. That’s the gift God will regard.

… And Cain was very angry, and his countenance fell. 6 So the LORD said to Cain, “Why are you angry? And why has your countenance fallen? 7 If you do well, will you not be accepted? And if you do not do well, sin lies at the door. And its desire is for you, but you should rule over it.”

  1. Cain didn’t react well to all of this. He was “exceedingly angry.” Perhaps an indication of the state of his heart in the first place. Even so, God gave Cain a chance. He hadn’t forbidden Cain from worship, but gave him the opportunity to bring what was of faith.
    1. God invites us to be saved! God wants us to worship Him in truth.
  2. If Cain refused, the danger was real. God was not threatening him, but warning him. Sin & temptation are pictured as a crouching beast, lying in wait & ambush. This is what Satan does with us. He seeks whom he may devour. (1 Pt 5:8)
  3. Interestingly, the word used for “desire” (4:7) is the same word used in Eve’s curse (3:16). This speaks of a longing, or yearning. Just as Eve would never stop longing for the position of her husband, neither would sin stop longing to control Cain. Cain had the opportunity to control it before he gave into it, but he would have to be vigilant & willing to do so.
    1. So do we! We can either master sin, or it can master us. How do we master sin? Only one way: by submitting to the mastery of Jesus Christ. We master sin by dying to ourselves and living by the Spirit unto God.
  4. Cain didn’t do it. He didn’t want the lordship of God, and he ended up surrendering to the lordship of sin. 8…

8 Now Cain talked with Abel his brother; and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother and killed him.

  1. Premeditated murder. The actual killing is not described, though the word implies “ruthless violence,” (BDAG).
  2. All because of what? This wasn’t a crime of passion; it was a crime of pride. How sad & tragic! Yet it isn’t unique to Cain. How many times do we allow our pride to get the best of us. Our ego gets bruised, so we launch into a rage. Jesus said that hating one another without cause is basically equivalent to murder (Mt 5:21-22). We might not kill with our fists or a club, but we can kill with our words.
    1. If Cain had but humbled himself before God, his pride would have remained in check, and his brother may have lived. Pride is dangerous, which is why God resists the proud. Thankfully, He gives grace to the humble! (Jas 4:6)

9 Then the LORD said to Cain, “Where is Abel your brother?” He said, “I do not know. Am I my brother’s keeper?”

  1. As when Adam & Eve hid in the Garden, God gave Cain the opportunity to confess. It’s not that God needed to ask the question; He already knew the answer. In God’s question was mercy – it was an opportunity for confession and cleansing.
  2. Cain didn’t take the opportunity. Instead, he takes an attitude of defiance, bucking up against God. There’s more than a bit of tragic irony in Cain’s non-response. His implication is “Am I responsible for my brother?” To which, the answer is yes – Cain was responsible for his brother’s death!
  3. BTW – the term “brother’s keeper” has gone far & wide beyond the initial context of Cain & Abel. Originally, it was his foolish denial of murder; today, it is often a call for us to help our neighbors. The Bible is absolutely clear that we are to love our neighbors as ourselves, the Lord Jesus affirming it as the 2nd greatest command in the Scriptures, and the command being identified by other New Testament writers as the “royal law,” or the “law of Christ.” Yet does that mean we are ultimately responsible for the lives and well-being of our brothers/neighbors? Obviously we are to do what we can (and most of us can do far more than what we’re currently doing!), but at a certain point individuals need to take responsibility for themselves. As Paul wrote to the Thessalonians, if someone isn’t willing to work, that person shouldn’t be fed by the church (2 Ths 3:10). That doesn’t mean that the Thessalonians were to let a person starve to death on their doorstep, but it does mean that the individual has responsibility of his/her own. Scripture does not burden us to be our brothers’ keepers; it tells us to love them with the love of Christ. It’s an important distinction, not without a difference.

10 And He said, “What have you done? The voice of your brother’s blood cries out to Me from the ground. 11 So now you are cursed from the earth, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand. 12 When you till the ground, it shall no longer yield its strength to you. A fugitive and a vagabond you shall be on the earth.”

  1. God knew Cain’s lie before he spoke it. Ultimately, this was more than murder; it was martyrdom. (Mt 23:35) Abel’s offering had been given in faith, which God regarded, and that was the reason he was killed. Cain was jealous of Abel’s relationship with God – making this the first act of persecution in history. 
  2. God then curses Cain, just as He cursed Cain’s parents. This time, the ante was raised as Cain receives a greater curse than his father, though parallel to it. (1) Adam had to toil & labor over the ground before it would bear fruit. Cain, though a farmer by trade, would no longer be able to gain any fruit at all. (2) Adam was expelled from the Garden of Eden, cast out of the place God designed for him. Cain was also expelled from his home, doomed to be a wandering fugitive no matter where he went.

13 And Cain said to the LORD, “My punishment is greater than I can bear! 14 Surely You have driven me out this day from the face of the ground; I shall be hidden from Your face; I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond on the earth, and it will happen that anyone who finds me will kill me.”

  1. The arrogance here is astounding! God spared Cain’s life after the crime of murder, yet Cain complains about the punishment he received. Some scholars question this interpretation, noting that the Hebrew word translated “punishment” could easily in other contexts be translated “sin/iniquity,” arguing that Cain is complaining that he cannot live with his own guilt & that he’s truly repentant. The context argues differently. Verse 14 shows a complaint over his consequences; not his conscience. Nowhere does Cain ever express remorse for slaying his brother. Instead, he’s upset that he could be next.
  2. Sin inescapably brings punishment. That’s just the way it is. God will not be mocked – what we sow, we reap. If we sow destruction, we will reap destruction. If we sow death, we’ll inherit it. Complaining about it doesn’t change anything. Cain felt bad about his future; the problem was that he never felt bad about his past. Sorrow over consequences does not equal a repentant heart. Paul made this point with the Corinthians: 2 Corinthians 7:9–10, “(9) Now I rejoice, not that you were made sorry, but that your sorrow led to repentance. For you were made sorry in a godly manner, that you might suffer loss from us in nothing. (10) For godly sorrow produces repentance leading to salvation, not to be regretted; but the sorrow of the world produces death.”
    1. What kind of sorrow do you experience with sin? Are you sorry for the sin, or sorry you got caught?
  3. Question: what could have happened at this point? God could have struck Cain dead on the spot. Yet it didn’t happen. Instead, God shows His mercy. 15…

15 And the LORD said to him, “Therefore, whoever kills Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold.” And the LORD set a mark on Cain, lest anyone finding him should kill him.

  1. Even upon someone as unrepentant as Cain, God still gives mercy. In fact, God gave mercy to those who might unwittingly kill Cain: God gave him a mark that identified him as one that should not be killed. (How sad is it that God understood that murder would be so rampant that anyone might kill Cain by mistake? Such is the fallen condition of the human race!)
  2. God’s mercy goes on the just & the unjust. Don’t take His mercies for granted!
  • Cain’s Kids (16-24)

16 Then Cain went out from the presence of the LORD and dwelt in the land of Nod on the east of Eden. 17 And Cain knew his wife, and she conceived and bore Enoch. And he built a city, and called the name of the city after the name of his son—Enoch.

  1. Where exactly “Nod” was, we don’t know other than it being east of Eden. The name means “wandering,” which is appropriate considering Cain’s punishment. At some point Cain stopped wandering (though he was always a fugitive), as he built the first recorded city in the Scriptures. Whether or not Cain remained there is unknown, thought it would seem his family settled there & spread from that point.

18 To Enoch was born Irad; and Irad begot Mehujael, and Mehujael begot Methushael, and Methushael begot Lamech. 19 Then Lamech took for himself two wives: the name of one was Adah, and the name of the second was Zillah.

  1. The generations of Cain. He was able to reproduce – something which Abel was denied. The listing of the genealogy is somewhat brief, shown simply to demonstrate the extent of sin among mankind.
  2. The first problem is seen in Lamech (who is problematic in many other ways!), as he is the first to engage in polygamy. This is a departure from God’s original plan of marriage, seen in 2:24.
    1. Some groups have apparently taken this verse as a justification for polygamy, stating that God never condemned the act. (1) That’s an argument from silence, which is always dangerous. Similarly speaking, God never blessed this act either. (2) This is the lineage of Cain – a lineage of sin. Specifically, it’s the actions of Lamech, who is another unrepentant sinner. This is perhaps the weakest of any example for plural marriage, and doesn’t paint it in a good light.
    2. Just because someone quotes a Bible verse as a proof-text doesn’t make their argument true. We always need to examine Scripture in the light of its context.
  3. We get a bit more information about Lamech’s children, vs. 20…

20 And Adah bore Jabal. He was the father of those who dwell in tents and have livestock. 21 His brother’s name was Jubal. He was the father of all those who play the harp and flute. 22 And as for Zillah, she also bore Tubal-Cain, an instructor of every craftsman in bronze and iron. And the sister of Tubal-Cain was Naamah.

  1. This is the origin of nomadic ranching, the origin of musical instrumentation, and the origin of craftsmanship. Not every trade has its beginning specified in the Bible, but every trade had to start at some point, and these are listed.
  2. The general idea is that even within the lineage of Cain, there was an explosion of creativity and ingenuity. As the population increased, so did its capabilities. But that doesn’t mean it was always a good thing. Technology may have advanced, but morality did not (as will be made clear in Ch. 6).
    1. Our culture today makes technology into a god of its own…be careful! Knowledge isn’t the same thing as righteousness.

23 Then Lamech said to his wives: “Adah and Zillah, hear my voice; Wives of Lamech, listen to my speech! For I have killed a man for wounding me, Even a young man for hurting me. 24 If Cain shall be avenged sevenfold, Then Lamech seventy-sevenfold.”

  1. Lamech followed in Cain’s footsteps, with the exception that things became even worse. Lamech also murdered someone, with his excuse being that he was wounded. There is no regret – no appeal to God. There’s not even any fear of divine judgment. Lamech’s only concern is retribution from others, so he assumes for himself the same protection as Cain received (even magnifying it exponentially).
  2. This is a man who took God’s mercies for granted. This is a man without any true fear of God whatsoever. This is a preview of the sad state of mankind to come in Ch. 6.
  3. Yet not all is lost. 25…
  • A New Beginning (25-26)

25 And Adam knew his wife again, and she bore a son and named him Seth, “For God has appointed another seed for me instead of Abel, whom Cain killed.”

  1. “Seth” = “appointed.” It would seem that Eve not only recognized the mercies of God shown to her once again, but she recognized that this would be the lineage from which would come the appointed Seed/Messiah.

26 And as for Seth, to him also a son was born; and he named him Enosh. Then men began to call on the name of the LORD.

  1. Seth’s line was far different than Cain’s. Whereas Cain’s descendants fell further from God, Seth’s sons “began to call on the name of the LORD.” They were worshippers.

Genesis 5 – Adam’s Family Tree

  • Adam to Seth (1-3)

1 This is the book of the genealogy of Adam. In the day that God created man, He made him in the likeness of God. 2 He created them male and female, and blessed them and called them Mankind in the day they were created. 3 And Adam lived one hundred and thirty years, and begot a son in his own likeness, after his image, and named him Seth.

  1. This is the first mention of the word “genealogy,” (toledoth) in the book of Genesis, marking the first major break in the narrative.
  2. There’s a bit of recap from the first couple of chapters, and a parallel between the acts of God with Adam and the acts of Adam with his son. God created Adam in His likeness; Adam begot Seth in his own likeness. God gave Adam a name; Adam gave Seth his name. Adam is following in the footsteps of his heavenly Father, exactly as he should have done all along.
  3. This begins the first major genealogy in the Bible, of which there will be several. Some lines will be mapped to a point, and forgotten – there is only one that is mapped all through the Bible: Jesus. The genealogies can sometimes be confusing, but in all of them, remember this: the genealogies are there to point us to Christ. Human history leads to a singular point: the moment when the Savior is given. 
  4. Regarding this particular genealogy, there is a consistent pattern to be followed (with a few important exceptions): A name – how many years lived until his firstborn son – how many years he lived afterwards, bearing sons & daughters – the point of his death. It is the refrain of death that rings out time & time again. 
  • Seth to Jared (4-20)

4 After he begot Seth, the days of Adam were eight hundred years; and he had sons and daughters. 5 So all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty years; and he died. 6 Seth lived one hundred and five years, and begot Enosh. 7 After he begot Enosh, Seth lived eight hundred and seven years, and had sons and daughters. 8 So all the days of Seth were nine hundred and twelve years; and he died. 9 Enosh lived ninety years, and begot Cainan. 10 After he begot Cainan, Enosh lived eight hundred and fifteen years, and had sons and daughters. 11 So all the days of Enosh were nine hundred and five years; and he died. 12 Cainan lived seventy years, and begot Mahalalel. 13 After he begot Mahalalel, Cainan lived eight hundred and forty years, and had sons and daughters. 14 So all the days of Cainan were nine hundred and ten years; and he died. 15 Mahalalel lived sixty-five years, and begot Jared. 16 After he begot Jared, Mahalalel lived eight hundred and thirty years, and had sons and daughters. 17 So all the days of Mahalalel were eight hundred and ninety-five years; and he died. 18 Jared lived one hundred and sixty-two years, and begot Enoch. 19 After he begot Enoch, Jared lived eight hundred years, and had sons and daughters. 20 So all the days of Jared were nine hundred and sixty-two years; and he died.

  1. The generations continue, the population grows, and death reigns among all. The curse delivered by God to Adam rang true: because he had eaten of the tree, he did “surely die.” Death is totally unavoidable! It is, after all, the wages of sin.
  2. Items of note:
    1. Only firstborn sons are listed. Even Adam had far more sons & daughters than the three sons specifically mentioned in Ch 4 (Cain, Abel, Seth). Considering the length of their lives, the population would have exploded in size.
    2. The length of lives were exceptionally long! These numbers seem beyond credibility to many today, but we have to remember that this took place during the years when the earth was at its newest. Pollution did not exist, nor did many of the diseases that have appeared over time. Additionally, it’s reasonable to assume that things were different prior to the flood. That sort of catastrophic event is bound to have some effect on the earth itself.
    3. In some cases, the men waited many years before having their first child. As to why, we can only speculate. Certainly they did not seem to be in any rush, perhaps due to their long lives.
  • Enoch (21-24)

21 Enoch lived sixty-five years, and begot Methuselah. 22 After he begot Methuselah, Enoch walked with God three hundred years, and had sons and daughters. 23 So all the days of Enoch were three hundred and sixty-five years. 24 And Enoch walked with God; and he was not, for God took him.

  1. Enoch stands out as different from the rest for one primary reason: he never died. In a genealogy that is very specific about each generation’s death (even that of Adam!), not a word is said about Enoch’s death. All it says of him is that he “walked with God, and he was not, for God took him.” Scripture says that it is appointed to man once to die, yet Enoch seems to be the exception that proves the rule. We get some insight from the author of Hebrews: Hebrews 11:5–6, “(5) By faith Enoch was taken away so that he did not see death, “and was not found, because God had taken him”; for before he was taken he had this testimony, that he pleased God. (6) But without faith it is impossible to please Him, for he who comes to God must believe that He is, and that He is a rewarder of those who diligently seek Him.” What was Enoch’s walk with God? It was a walk of faith!
    1. Faith is not optional for the Christian. Faith is not only for “super” believers; it’s for every believer! We need to be those who walk according to faith.
  2. FYI, Enoch is mentioned elsewhere in Scripture in regards to a prophetic book that bears his name (Jude 14-15). This is not a Biblical endorsement of the book of 1 Enoch as a whole; simply of the specific words that were quoted by Jude. We have the fully completed canon of Scripture, and the books of Enoch are not included.
  • Methuselah to Noah (25-32)

25 Methuselah lived one hundred and eighty-seven years, and begot Lamech. 26 After he begot Lamech, Methuselah lived seven hundred and eighty-two years, and had sons and daughters. 27 So all the days of Methuselah were nine hundred and sixty-nine years; and he died.

  1. Answer to common Bible trivia question: the oldest person in the Bible was Methuselah, living 969 years old. Yet even he died. With the two exceptions of Enoch & Elijah, all people die. (Which means all of us need to be prepared for death!)

28 Lamech lived one hundred and eighty-two years, and had a son. 29 And he called his name Noah, saying, “This one will comfort us concerning our work and the toil of our hands, because of the ground which the LORD has cursed.”

  1. The word used for “Noah” sounds very similar to another Hebrew word translated “comfort.” Apparently, Lamech (not the same Lamech as from Ch. 4 & Cain’s lineage) prophetically saw something in his firstborn son. Perhaps he thought Noah might be the awaited Seed of the woman – perhaps God gave him some other special insight. Either way, Lamech believed his son would have some special role in rolling back the curse given unto Adam.
  2. And he did. Granted, it would come in a different way than Lamech had likely hoped. After all, a global flood causing the death of every living human being with the exception of 8 people doesn’t sound very comforting, but it would be Noah’s line that would continue on the earth. It would be Noah’s line that eventually led to the Messiah. The curse is indeed reversed in the comfort sought for by Noah.

30 After he begot Noah, Lamech lived five hundred and ninety-five years, and had sons and daughters. 31 So all the days of Lamech were seven hundred and seventy-seven years; and he died. 32 And Noah was five hundred years old, and Noah begot Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

  1. The genealogy ends with a bit of preview looking to the events surrounding Noah & his sons, the common refrain of “death” ending with Lamech.
  2. When would Lamech die? At the same time as many others on the earth: in the flood. [PIC] It can be easy to lose sight of how interconnected these generations were, but it seems very possible that Noah knew Enosh, and possibly even Seth…being just 2-3 generations away from Adam himself.

Conclusion:

That’s a lot of people, and a lot of death. The sin brought on by Adam and Eve affected every single person who came after them, and still affects each & every one of us today. Yet there is one simple difference: we not only have a guarantee of death, but we also have a guarantee of life! John 11:25–26, “(25) Jesus said to her, “I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in Me, though he may die, he shall live. (26) And whoever lives and believes in Me shall never die. Do you believe this?””

When our faith is in the promised Seed of the woman – when our faith & walk is with the Lord Jesus Christ, believing upon Him as God in the flesh & our own Lord & Savior – we have life! Will our bodies die? Should the rapture tarry, then yes – even those who believe in Christ will face physical death. But we will never face spiritual death! And beyond that, we will eventually have physical life as well. Our bodies will be raised, transformed by the grace of God, and we will finally life physically as God had always intended for Adam and Eve. We have a promise of life!

Christian, don’t despair in the face of death. Is it a reality? Yes, but we do not grieve as those who have no hope. Just as Adam & Eve looked forward to the Seed – just as Enoch walked daily with God – just like Lamech looked forward to God’s comforting Hope – we too, look to our Savior.

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Comments
  1. “Whatever it was brought by Abel, it was brought in faith. It was brought in hope of the character of God, and looking forward to the promise of God. “

    But on the flip side, Cain was more concerned with what others would think or do to him than he was with living outside the presence of God.

    I liked this. Good message Pastor. Thanks for sharing.

  2. timburns says:

    Praise the Lord! Thanks for all you do in South America. Let us know the next time you’re coming to Texas!

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