The Fiery Sword of Judgment

Posted: August 28, 2016 in Ezekiel, Uncategorized

Ezekiel 21, “The Fiery Sword of Judgment”

Judgment is a common theme among the OT prophets, and for good reason: God’s people were being judged.  The things the Jews experienced were not the simple result of changing geopolitics, or random chance.  These were the directives of Almighty God.  As a whole, His own chosen nation had repeatedly sinned against Him, and they would thus experience the consequences of their generational rebellion.  Through the prophets, God listed off their crimes – Ezekiel already mentioned many of their sins, and will continue to list them in more detail in future chapters.  But beyond needing to know what they had done to deserve God’s judgment, they also needed to know what to expect in God’s judgment.  After all, if God told them what to expect in advance, they would have to acknowledge His actions and will when it all came to pass.  God would get the glory, and that would (hopefully) lead them to repentance.

That much we can understand – what we sometimes have a difficult time grasping is why God judges the way He chooses.  For instance, why does God allow certain people to come to power?  Why does He allow certain circumstances to take place?  We might imagine some things to be awful, yet God in His sovereignty allows them – and we question why.  For the ancient Jews, they may have wondered why God allowed the Babylonians to ravage Jerusalem the way they did.  What purpose did this evil army serve?  Through Ezekiel, God shows that Babylon was not a random rising superpower, but that they were His specific tool.  God had fury that needed to be poured out upon sin, and Babylon was just the vessel with which to do it.

In the end, that comes down to God’s sovereign choice.  We don’t always understand why God allows certain things, but we can know for certain that God does allow them.  No matter what is going on around us, our Lord God is in control, and He is working His will.  When we think about it, that ought to be pretty comforting.  After all, it is God over all things.  We’ve read the end of the book, and we know His plans are good.  We know that ultimately all evil finds its response in the work of Jesus Christ, and that Jesus is totally sufficient for these things.  God allows certain things today, but God also has a perfect plan for the future…and His plan is good!  Thus we can trust Him at all times…even the times in which He is judging the world.

Although the bulk of our study will be in Ch. 21, we actually begin with the last few verses of Ch. 20.  Remember that the chapter breaks and verse numbers are not part of the inspired text, but were rather compiled over time.  The bulk of Ch. 20 really wraps up in 20:44, with a new oracle beginning in vs. 45.  The BHS & other Hebrew texts actually have a different numbering system, with our 20:45 being their 21:1.  It’s thus the first of 5 oracles dealing with the judgment of God, and as might be expected, the first one serves as a bit of an introduction to the rest.

Ezekiel 20:45–49

  • Oracle #1: The fire sent by God

45 Furthermore the word of the LORD came to me, saying, 46 “Son of man, set your face toward the south; preach against the south and prophesy against the forest land, the South, 47 and say to the forest of the South, ‘Hear the word of the LORD! Thus says the Lord GOD: “Behold, I will kindle a fire in you, and it shall devour every green tree and every dry tree in you; the blazing flame shall not be quenched, and all faces from the south to the north shall be scorched by it. 48 All flesh shall see that I, the LORD, have kindled it; it shall not be quenched.” ’ ”

  • Although Ezekiel was physically located by the River Chebar in the heart of the Babylonian empire, God speaks to him as if he were back in Jerusalem – which makes sense as God speaks to Ezekiel as a representative of the Jews.  To look to “the south” was to look down the entire breadth of the nation, to the far reaching town of Negev (which is literally translated “south”).  As he did this, Ezekiel was to proclaim a “fire” that would consume everything in its path – that would basically consume the entire nation from end to end.  To date, the most recent wildfires in southern California have burned 58 square miles.  In comparison, the modern nation of Israel is over 8000 square miles.  Even if we think of the ancient borders of Judah during the days of the Babylonian invasions, the SoCal wildfires are tiny in comparison.  Imagine a fire consuming everything in its path.  Nothing could quench it – every eye would see it – every person would know that it was the Lord God who “kindled” it.  How so?  Because that is total judgment – total devastation.  That sort of thing cannot be brought about by the hands (or accidents) of men – it can only be done by God.
  • Keep in mind this is exactly how God is described in His righteousness.  Hebrews 12:28–29, "(28) Therefore, since we are receiving a kingdom which cannot be shaken, let us have grace, by which we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear. (29) For our God is a consuming fire."  We don’t take our salvation for granted – we don’t fear in the midst of persecution – we don’t waver in the midst of trail.  Why?  Because we serve the Awesome God – we serve the righteous God – we serve a God who is an all-consuming fire.  Nothing can stop Him, nor slow Him down.  When God moves according to His will, His will is always going to be done…always.
  • This same holy righteousness is what the ancient Jews were about to face.  God had given them multiple opportunities for generation after generation in order to repent, and they never did it.  Now, when God acted, there would be no stopping His judgment once it began.  (Which is exactly why we need to repent when God gives us the chance!)

49 Then I said, “Ah, Lord GOD! They say of me, ‘Does he not speak parables?’ ”

  • Ezekiel (like many of God’s prophets) was not exempt from criticism.  One of the complaints he often received was that he spoke in “parables” – symbolic language that few could understand.  And yes, part of the purpose of parables (according to Jesus) was to conceal the truth from the hardhearted, but reveal it to the humble (Mt 13:11-14).  That said, there is a bit of excuse being given here.  It’s not that God’s messages were all that cryptic.  All the people needed to do was to humble themselves, be open to rebuke, and willing to receive whatever it was the Lord had to say to them.  But that’s what they were unwilling to do.  They couldn’t conceive that God might possibly judge His own people, thus they were closed to the message from the very start.
    • It’s one thing to claim that we want to know the will of God; it’s another thing to actually receive it as such.  Many people treat their Bibles with the similar disdain as some of the ancient Jews did with their prophecies.  They want only the good news, without any of the conviction or rebuke.  Yet that is part of the purpose of God’s word! (2 Tim 3:16-17)  If God’s word is going to equip us for every good work, that means we need to be willing to accept the correction and rebuke when God gives it.  Otherwise, we’ll never change.
  • As to the interpretation of this parable, the next several oracles give it.  What would the fire of God’s judgment look like?  In Ch. 21, God gives Ezekiel another graphic illustration to make the point: this would a sword.  Although the sword of God is often thought of in the New Testament as the written word of God, here it is a sword of judgment.  Just as a warrior would bring his sword to battle, so would God bring His sword of wrath to Judah.

Ezekiel 21

  • Oracle #2: The sword seen by all

1 And the word of the LORD came to me, saying, 2 “Son of man, set your face toward Jerusalem, preach against the holy places, and prophesy against the land of Israel;

  • If the earlier complaint against Ezekiel was his use of symbolic language in his teaching, certainly that isn’t a problem here!  Instead of speaking of the general “south,” God specifically tells Ezekiel to preach against “Jerusalem” & the whole “land of Israel.”  The word used for “preach” is interesting in that is speaks of causing something to drip or flow.  It is as if God tells Ezekiel to open up the floodgates of his mouth and let the word of God gush freely over Jerusalem.  They needed to know the full nature of God’s judgment toward them, and that it was specifically against them.  The God of Israel had turned against Israel.  The LORD (YHWH, God’s covenant name) was against His own covenant people in judgment.  They had greatly sinned against Him, primarily through their idolatry – mentioned here as the “holy places” of Jerusalem, not necessarily with the temple in mind.
  • Can God judge His own people?  Absolutely!  How can He not?  God would not be righteous if He judged the sin of the world, but ignored the sin of His own people.  Dare we accuse God of favoritism or bias?  A biased judge is an unjust judge – and God is anything but!  No – God is perfectly just, which means He must judge His own people.  Judgement begins with the house of God (1 Pet 4:17).
    • Question: Does that still apply with Christians?  Certainly – though it is never without the cross of Christ Jesus in view.  We do not have to endure the wrath of God for our sin against Him, because Jesus already took that upon Himself at the cross.  Even then, we are judged, but the cross means that Jesus was judged in our place.  Beyond that, yes, God still disciplines us for our ongoing sin, and it is right for Him to do so.  We do not face the prospect of eternal wrath, but we do face the loving discipline of our heavenly Father.  If we won’t repent from our sin, God will act – of that we can be sure.
  • If there is one thing we don’t want, it is for God to be against us!  Who can stand against God?  No one.  The good news is that God doesn’t have to turn against us!  We can turn to Him in humble repentance & faith, and receive His forgiveness.  That was the opportunity God gave the ancient Jews, but they refused & faced the consequences.  Vs. 3…

3 and say to the land of Israel, ‘Thus says the LORD: “Behold, I am against you, and I will draw My sword out of its sheath and cut off both righteous and wicked from you. 4 Because I will cut off both righteous and wicked from you, therefore My sword shall go out of its sheath against all flesh from south to north, 5 that all flesh may know that I, the LORD, have drawn My sword out of its sheath; it shall not return anymore.” ’

  • This is the point where the picture of God’s judgment changes from a fire to a sword.  In doing so, the judgment is specifically shown to be a military consequence – the sword being an instrument of battle.  Whose sword comes out from its sheath?  The sword of YHWH, the Almighty Lord.  He uses His personal weapon to fight against His people, cutting off “both righteous and wicked.”  All peoples all over the land are affected, and just as those watching an all-consuming fire understand the actions of the Lord, so will both the righteous and wicked understand the judgment and actions of God.
  • Question: Why are both righteous and wicked cut off?  Shouldn’t the judgment of God affect only the wicked?  Obviously the Bible is clear that we are responsible for our individual sins, and Ezekiel has already written of how God does not unjustly judge a righteous son for the sins of his father (Eze 18).  That’s on an individual level.  On a national level, things are a bit different.  When the Babylonians came into Jerusalem, their arrows would not hit only the most wicked of the land – they would land indiscriminately on anyone.  When the city was besieged, all would suffer…that’s just part of what happens.  When a nation falls under the judgment of God, everyone is affected in some way.  The same thing will even be seen during the days of the Great Tribulation.  As cosmic disturbances fall upon the earth, it will affect both sinners as well as those who have come to faith in Christ.  They are caught in the crossfire, because they are there when the judgments fall.
    • Sin always has consequences – sin always leaves victims.  It affects everyone, even those whom we might otherwise wish to spare.  There is no such thing as a “victimless” sin, although many people wish to think so.  Someone is always going to be cleaning up the mess or picking up the pieces.  One of the things we ought to consider during times of temptation is how our sin will affect other people, rather than only ourselves.  Most often, sin is born out of our selfishness – when we get our eyes off ourselves & onto others (and especially onto Jesus!), we will find that the temptation is not nearly as strong.
  • So God’s sword was coming, and it could not be avoided.  As God told Ezekiel, His sword would not return to its sheath.  Does that meant God was happy about it?  No.  Remember that God’s heart is one of repentance.  He specifically invited His people to do just that!  Ezekiel 18:32, "For I have no pleasure in the death of one who dies,” says the Lord GOD. “Therefore turn and live!”"  The ancient Jews had chosen their sin & idolatry; God wanted them to choose repentance.  He wanted them to choose life!  Thus it grieved Him to have to judge Israel in this way.  He would be glorified in the expression of His judgment, but it brought Him no joy.  Likewise, that’s what He told Ezekiel to express.  Vs. 6…

6 Sigh therefore, son of man, with a breaking heart, and sigh with bitterness before their eyes. 7 And it shall be when they say to you, ‘Why are you sighing?’ that you shall answer, ‘Because of the news; when it comes, every heart will melt, all hands will be feeble, every spirit will faint, and all knees will be weak as water. Behold, it is coming and shall be brought to pass,’ says the Lord GOD.”

  • The prophet was to sigh & groan because of the suffering that was to come.  God took no pleasure in Israel’s trials, and they would certainly have them!  All peoples everywhere would be affected, with every heart melting, spirit fainting, etc.  There would be no avoiding the consequences of their actions.  God had set His plan in motion, and it would not be stopped.
  • Although that is a sobering thought when it comes to His wrath, it is a wonderful thought when it comes to the cross.  When God set His plan for Jesus into motion, nothing would stop it until it was completed.  God’s will, will always be done.  He always ensures that it will be brought to pass.
  • Oracle #3: The sword prepared by God

8 Again the word of the LORD came to me, saying, 9 “Son of man, prophesy and say, ‘Thus says the LORD!’ Say: ‘A sword, a sword is sharpened And also polished! 10 Sharpened to make a dreadful slaughter, Polished to flash like lightning! Should we then make mirth? It despises the scepter of My son, As it does all wood. 11 And He has given it to be polished, That it may be handled; This sword is sharpened, and it is polished To be given into the hand of the slayer.’

  • The whole idea here is of a sword ready for battle, carefully prepared by the Lord for the day that has come.  It was to be a day of death, as the sword was given over to the slayer, polished & ready to go.  When God swung His sword, none would be able to stand in its path.
  • The sword was prepared, so the people needed to prepare themselves to face it.  This was not a day for partying, but for preparation.  Not a day for mirth, but for mourning.  Like playing music on deck while the Titantic was sinking, many people treat the day of their death the same way.  They figure they should live it up now, because when they die, they’re just worm-food.  It’s all over, so why not enjoy themselves while they can?  Like ancient Israel, they make mirth, rather than making certain they are ready to face the Lord God for judgment.  We can be prepared for that day, and we know we are when we have surrendered our live to Jesus as our Lord.
  • What was the scepter of God’s son? (Vs 10)  The king in Jerusalem.  By the time the sword of God was done with him, the king would be cut down.  No other king could stand against this sword, and neither could that of God’s very own people.  This becomes a common theme through the remainder of this prophecy.

12 “Cry and wail, son of man; For it will be against My people, Against all the princes of Israel. Terrors including the sword will be against My people; Therefore strike your thigh. 13 “Because it is a testing, And what if the sword despises even the scepter? The scepter shall be no more,” says the Lord GOD.

  • Again, there’s no mirth, but there is weeping & wailing in that day.  To strike one’s thigh was like a clap of exclamation – an expression of shock.  They would face the terrors of God. Between the books of Jeremiah & Lamentations, the account of the siege of Jerusalem & its conquest by Babylon is absolutely terrifying.  The people suffered immensely, and the death toll was severe.  Just as Ezekiel was to earlier groan/sigh, now he was to cry & wail.  It was the appropriate response to the suffering of his countrymen.
  • What was the purpose behind all of the suffering?  God declared “it is a testing.”  It was an examination of His people.  Like gold is refined through searing fire, so would God’s own people be purged of their sin through judgment and trial.  For generations they had refused to repent from their sin, and this was what it would take for them to see it for what it was.
    • The wages of sin is death.  Sin always brings suffering.  We tend to forget that from time to time, especially when we get away with sin for a season.  Yet God will not be mocked – we will reap what we sow, and those things will be awful.  But those things do not have to be the end.  We can learn from our mistakes, and through the grace of God, we can be more Christ-like on the other side of them.  God’s discipline may feel like a purging, but that purging can be a good thing as long as we humble ourselves & are responsive to Him.
  • The end result for Jerusalem?  The “scepter shall be no more.”  God makes it clear that the king would fall – and he did, as Zedekiah was captured, saw his sons executed, was blinded, and carted off by Nebuchadnezzar & his army.  From all outside perspectives, it would seem as if the dynasty of David had come to an end.
    • Ultimately, we know it was just on hiatus.  It is renewed in the Son of David, the Lord Jesus.

14 “You therefore, son of man, prophesy, And strike your hands together. The third time let the sword do double damage. It is the sword that slays, The sword that slays the great men, That enters their private chambers. 15 I have set the point of the sword against all their gates, That the heart may melt and many may stumble. Ah! It is made bright; It is grasped for slaughter:

  • What was the “third time” of the sword?  It was the last siege of Jerusalem by Babylon, by far the worst of what the city had previously faced.  No one was exempt from suffering – again, all were affected.  No nobleman, none of those who were considered “great” could hide.  Even in their “private chambers” they would be found.  Zedekiah even attempted a last-minute escape from the city, only to be quickly found & brought back for his punishment.

16 “Swords at the ready! Thrust right! Set your blade! Thrust left— Wherever your edge is ordered! 17 “I also will beat My fists together, And I will cause My fury to rest; I, the LORD, have spoken.”

  • At this point, God seems to speak directly to His sword in dramatic fashion.  He commands it to battle, and it is furious.  Left & right, God orders His blade decisively!
  • The good news is that God’s fury doesn’t last forever.  At some point, God promised that His fury would “rest.”  Once it was done, it was done.  For the Jews of ancient Jerusalem, it would come to a rest when the Babylonians had finished their conquest & the Jews remained in captivity for 70 long years.  For us, this is the promise of Jesus’ propitiation.  Because of the cross & resurrection, the fury of God towards us has come to rest. Romans 3:24–25, "(24) being justified freely by His grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, (25) whom God set forth as a propitiation by His blood, through faith, to demonstrate His righteousness, because in His forbearance God had passed over the sins that were previously committed,"  God had a righteous wrath towards us, and He would have poured it out upon us personally, if Jesus hadn’t stepped into our place and satisfied it on our behalf.  But now it is completed.  There is no more wrath left for us, because Jesus took it all!
  • Up to this point, God had been clear about a furious judgment, but it was always through the use of an unidentified “sword.”  It was clear that this sword would come against Jerusalem, but perhaps people could come up with differing ideas of what the sword might be.  God didn’t leave them guessing.  He gives them the exact interpretation in the next prophecy.  Vs. 18…
  • Oracle #4: The sword directed by God

18 The word of the LORD came to me again, saying: 19 “And son of man, appoint for yourself two ways for the sword of the king of Babylon to go; both of them shall go from the same land. Make a sign; put it at the head of the road to the city. 20 Appoint a road for the sword to go to Rabbah of the Ammonites, and to Judah, into fortified Jerusalem.

  •  The “sword” was most definitely the armies of “Babylon,” and it was being directed by none other than Almighty God.  God went so far as to even have Ezekiel draw a map and point Babylon in the direction of Jerusalem.  The idea here is that as Babylon headed south, they would come to a time that they needed to choose whether to head to Ammon, or to Judah.  Ezekiel was to draw a map depicting Nebuchadnezzar at that particular fork in the road.  What happens next?  Nebuchadnezzar would try to discern which path to take.  Vs. 21…

21 For the king of Babylon stands at the parting of the road, at the fork of the two roads, to use divination: he shakes the arrows, he consults the images, he looks at the liver. 22 In his right hand is the divination for Jerusalem: to set up battering rams, to call for a slaughter, to lift the voice with shouting, to set battering rams against the gates, to heap up a siege mound, and to build a wall. 23 And it will be to them like a false divination in the eyes of those who have sworn oaths with them; but he will bring their iniquity to remembrance, that they may be taken.

  • Once at the fork in the road, Nebuchadnezzar would call upon his magicians & wise-men to attempt supernatural divination to figure out which way to go.  They would shake arrows like a divining rod looking for underground water – or they would take animal organs and burn them in a sort of witchcraft.  At some point, he would receive the direction to choose to go to Jerusalem instead of Rabbah of Ammon, and that is where Nebuchadnezzar would mount his siege of the city.
  • What Nebuchadnezzar didn’t know what that it was God who was giving him direction; not the “false divination” of all his pagan ways.  God was sovereign, even over this pagan king and his false religions. God is sovereign over ALL things at ALL times.
  • Why did God direct Babylon in such a fashion?  Because he wanted to use them as the judgment for the “iniquity” of Jerusalem.  Vs. 24…

24 “Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: ‘Because you have made your iniquity to be remembered, in that your transgressions are uncovered, so that in all your doings your sins appear—because you have come to remembrance, you shall be taken in hand. 25 ‘Now to you, O profane, wicked prince of Israel, whose day has come, whose iniquity shall end, 26 thus says the Lord GOD: “Remove the turban, and take off the crown; Nothing shall remain the same. Exalt the humble, and humble the exalted.

  • The ancient Jews believed they sinned in secret…they were wrong.  All of their iniquity was remembered, and all of their transgressions would be uncovered – revealed to the world for what it was.  The day had come for their judgment, and it would not be avoided.
    • There is a Judgment Day coming to all!  No sin will be hidden out of the sight of God.  We will have to give an answer.  (Heb 9:27)
    • Our answer is in Jesus!  Again, this goes back to the idea of Jesus’ propitiation.  The answer for our sin has already been given when Jesus died and rose from the grave.  (How dependent we are upon Christ!  We have no hope apart from Him!)
  • What was the result for Jerusalem?  The profane wicked prince (King Zedekiah) would be removed, as his crown is lost. Yet his crown is not lost forever.  Vs. 27…

27 Overthrown, overthrown, I will make it overthrown! It shall be no longer, Until He comes whose right it is, And I will give it to Him.” ’

  • There is a promise of judgment, but there is also a glorious promise of restoration.  Neither Zedekiah nor his children would inherit the throne of David, as his lineage was completely overthrown.  But the promise of David’s kingdom was not forever lost.  There was Someone yet to come who would receive that throne, and God would gladly give Him that right to sit upon it.  This is Jesus – this is the millennial kingdom!

Thus far, this has been all of God’s stern promise towards Jerusalem.  His sword of judgment was coming against His own people, and they would know His wrath.  Yet they were not the only ones. God was not blind to the sins of the other nations, and they would also know His fury – only they would know it without the promise of God’s grace.  Vs. 28…

  • Oracle #5: The sword against the Gentiles

28 “And you, son of man, prophesy and say, ‘Thus says the Lord GOD concerning the Ammonites and concerning their reproach,’ and say: ‘A sword, a sword is drawn, Polished for slaughter, For consuming, for flashing—

  • Remember that Nebuchadnezzar originally had to make a choice between going to Jerusalem in Judah, or going to Rabbah in Ammon.  God sovereignly caused him to go to Jerusalem, but that doesn’t mean that Rabbah got off scot-free.  The same sword that was sent to His people was sent to the Ammonites, and the same purpose was set before it: God’s fierce judgment.

29 While they see false visions for you, While they divine a lie to you, To bring you on the necks of the wicked, the slain Whose day has come, Whose iniquity shall end. 30 ‘Return it to its sheath. I will judge you In the place where you were created, In the land of your nativity. 31 I will pour out My indignation on you; I will blow against you with the fire of My wrath, And deliver you into the hands of brutal men who are skillful to destroy.

  • Just like Jerusalem had a day in which they would face the fury of God, so did the Ammonites.  They their own appointment with God, but they had no covenant relationship with Him upon which they could rely.
  • ALL people everywhere will face God for judgment.  It matters not that someone doesn’t worship Him today – they will not be able to claim exemption from judgment.  They won’t be able to say, “But I worshipped Allah” (or Gaia, or nothing).  They will come before the great white throne of God, and have to give an account of their lives.  But sadly, they will not have any covenant relationship with God upon which they can rely.  If anyone’s name is not written in God’s book of life, they will be cast into the lake of fire.  Just as God promised to blow against the Ammonites with the fire of His wrath, so will God do with those who reject Him until the day of their death.
    • Yet even here, there is mercy.  How so?  Because God warned them!  Through Ezekiel, at that moment, He warned the Ammonites of the judgment they faced.  They could turn to God in faith, if they heeded the warning.  It was not yet too late – but it would be, soon.  (Don’t waste the opportunity!)

32 You shall be fuel for the fire; Your blood shall be in the midst of the land. You shall not be remembered, For I the LORD have spoken.’ ”

  • There is one other difference between Ammon & Israel.  Not only did Israel have a covenant relationship with the Lord God, that covenant relationship guaranteed them a future.  Ammon had no such guarantee.  They would ultimately perish from the land, not being remembered.  Their culture would be completely destroyed.  And it was!  There are people who dwell in the land once inhabited by the Ammonites, but they are not of Ammonite descent.  Compare that with Israel, in which Hebrews still exist today.  What made the difference?  The covenant promise of God.  You either have it, or you don’t.
    • In Christ, we have it!  Praise the Lord!

Five oracles, one message: the judgment of God was approaching, so get ready!  This was no time for partying, nor for making excuses.  This was a time for humility, mourning, and repentance.  Their hearts needed to break over sin, and sadly, it was God’s fierce judgement that was necessary to make it happen.

In the process, Ezekiel declared:

  • God is sovereign.
  • God’s wrath is righteous.
  • Jesus satisfies the wrath of God.
  • Jesus fulfills the promises of God.

Israel faced the harsh wrath of God, which we do not (praise God!).  But we cannot continue in sin & expect God to do nothing.  Neither as individuals, or as a nation.  God is sovereign over the world, and He will act as He sees fit to either give us over to our sin or to bring the discipline necessary to cause us to repent.

Don’t wait for that point!  We need to humble ourselves today, remain dependent upon Jesus, grateful for His grace.


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