Final Words, Final Charge

Posted: April 4, 2016 in 2 Timothy, Route 66, Uncategorized

Route 66: 2 Timothy, “Final Words, Final Charge”

There is a special importance to someone’s last words.  Not everyone knows when they are going to die, but for those who do, often there are pains to record the last words spoken by them.  There is a certain weight attached to them.  After all, these are the final words spoken on this side of death, and what is said often reveals what is truly in the heart.

The apostle Paul was no different from any of us in that regard.  When it was clear that his own death was drawing nigh, he wrote one final letter – and he ensured that what he put on paper was exactly what was in his heart.  He hoped to see the person to whom he wrote, but he didn’t know if he’d get the chance.  So he told him on paper what he also desired to say to him in person.

Thus there is a lot of weight with the content of 2 Timothy.  These are the last words of Paul.  If you were an apostle of the early church, writing to a young pastor whom you personally mentored, what do you think would be most important to say?  That’s exactly what we find in this final letter.

Of course, although 2 Timothy is the last chronological letter we have from Paul, it’s not the last canonical letter we have from him in our New Testaments.  We need to remember that the books of the Bible are not necessarily grouped in chronological order; they have their own categorization.  2 Timothy is actually the 2nd of what are often called the “pastoral epistles.”  These are more personal letters from Paul sent to individuals, rather than the (usually) longer church letters he addressed to whole congregations.  It seems likely that 1 Timothy and Titus were actually written at the same time, whereas 2 Timothy came a few years later.

Paul’s 1st letter to Timothy (and also to Titus) were likely composed after he was released from house arrest in Rome.  Recall that the book of Acts concludes with Paul in Rome, confined to his rented home while continuing to preach the gospel to Jews & Gentiles, and waiting to appeal his case to Caesar.  Obviously Luke wrote Acts while Paul was still alive – otherwise, he would have included details about Paul’s death.  From that point, it seems that Paul was released & he picked back up where he left off in his apostolic ministry among the Gentiles.  In fact, 1 Timothy seems to reference an ongoing ministry of Paul.  When he wrote that letter, he had the freedom to travel in & out of Macedonia & elsewhere (1 Tim 1:3). 

By the time 2 Timothy rolls around, things are drastically different.  Paul is once again in prison, describing his situation not as a house arrest, but as a dungeon.  He is chained in Rome (1:16-17), and apparently his cell is drafty & he got cold & was in need of a cloak (4:13).  Paul was well aware of the fact that he would soon be executed (4:6), and he was ready to see the Lord.  The early Church Fathers Ignatius & Dionysius of Corinth each mention Paul’s martyrdom, with Dionysius writing that Paul and Peter were killed at the same time.  Later Fathers (Tertullian, Eusebius, and others) write that Paul was beheaded in Rome – though they wrote nearly a century after the fact.  Beheading would not be unheard of, especially in contrast with the other modes of execution faced by some of the other apostles.  Whereas Peter & others might have faced various forms of crucifixions & other tortures, Paul was a Roman citizen, and beheading was the more “merciful” form of death.  (FYI, his remains are supposedly interred at the Vatican.  There are some bone fragments that have been carbon-dated to the 1st or 2nd century.  Obviously, there is no way to verify whether or not the bones genetically belonged to Paul.)

Wherever his body ended up, there’s little doubt that Paul was executed in 67AD by command of Caesar Nero.  Rome had burned in 64AD, with Nero’s conduct being questionable at the time.  In an attempt to shift blame, Nero blamed the Christians & it was in this round of persecution in which Peter and Paul were likely killed.

Paul apparently saw the writing on the wall, and knew his death was near.  So now what?  Now it was time to get his affairs in order, and send word to the people he loved the most.  Timothy was one of these people.  Recall that Timothy had joined up with Paul and Silas early on in Paul’s 2nd missionary journey in Acts 16 (perhaps having been some of the evangelistic fruit of Paul & Barnabas’ 1st missionary journey in Acts 14).  From then on, Timothy became a consistent travel companion of Paul’s, with Paul mentoring & building into the life of this young man.  Timothy became one of Paul’s most trusted representatives, and regularly took on journeys that Paul was unable to complete (for whatever reason).  Eventually Timothy settled in Ephesus (basically in the role of a bishop), helping to continue to set up local leadership & provide teaching to the various congregations there.  It was after that ministry began that Paul wrote his 1st letter to Timothy.  Now time has passed (perhaps between 3-5 years), and Paul writes to his young friend again, knowing that what he says might be the last words ever communicated between the two of them.

What Paul writes is the need to be steadfast.  Paul had taught Timothy well, and Timothy needed to stay grounded in those roots.  He needed to carry on the work that Paul had given him, never veering from the truth of the gospel – never taking the call of Jesus Christ for granted.  Timothy needed to be faithful as a disciple – faithful as a minister – and faithful as a friend.  Paul had been faithful to the very end; Timothy needed to do the same.

Knowing that the chapter divisions are artificial (i.e. Paul didn’t break up his letter in that way), they are still somewhat helpful in outlining the book.  Generally speaking, in broad strokes, we see four major sections along the four chapters of 2 Timothy:

  • Be bold (1) – God had equipped Timothy for the work, and Timothy needed to be unashamed in what God called him to do.
  • Be strong (2) – Timothy had a long road ahead, and he needed to press on in endurance until the end.
  • Beware (3) – False teachers were prophesied to arise, and indeed, had already revealed themselves.  Timothy needed to do what was necessary to keep himself in the truth.
  • Be faithful (4) – Paul gives Timothy his final charge, as well as final instructions with the hope of actually seeing him in person.

2 Timothy is a personal letter, but it is an important letter for all of us.  These are not just words from one senior minister to a younger one; these are words from a foundational apostle to the church-at-large.  Christian leaders aren’t the only ones who need to stay grounded in the gospel & endure to the end; all Christians need to do the same!

Be bold
Introduction & thanksgiving (1:1-7)
The introduction is fairly standard, with Paul again introducing himself as “an apostle of Jesus Christ.”  Timothy obviously needs no reminder of such a thing, nor is he under any discipline by Paul.  This is a subtle indication that Paul understood (and intended) his letter to be read not only by Timothy, but by all the church.  Indeed, the things he writes to Timothy are applicable to all.  Even more than his 1st letter which addressed much of church organization/government, the 2nd letter speaks of the need to be faithful to the gospel of God – and that is something that carries all of the weight of apostolic instruction.  IOW, pay attention! J

Another aspect about Paul’s identity is his victory in all of it.  He may be in Roman prison, but he is still “an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God.”  God was not punishing Paul with prison; this was God’s chosen will for Paul.  This is where God desired to use Paul.  That Paul would write from prison is not something that would diminish what he had to say or somehow undermine his instructions; he was an apostle of Christ no matter where he was.  Paul’s circumstances didn’t change his calling.

  • Neither do ours!  We might be going through something awful, but it doesn’t change who we are in Christ, nor does it mean that God loves us any less or is punishing us for something unknown, etc.  We are who we are in Christ all because of the grace of God.  We need to be careful of letting our circumstances dictate our self-worth.

Paul writes to his “beloved son” in the faith (1:2), desiring him to know the “grace, mercy, and peace” of God.  Very traditional, yet still very Biblical.  It’s from this point that the letter begins in earnest.

Paul first thanks God that Timothy has the family background he had.  He prayed for Timothy often (1:3), wanting to see him (1:4), and remembered Timothy’s mother & grandmother (1:5).  From Acts, we know that Timothy’s father was a Gentile, and his mother was a Jew (which is why Paul had Timothy circumcised – Acts 16:3).  Although we don’t know the faith of his father, apparently his mother & grandmother were both Christians – perhaps each of them converted through the ministry of Paul.  In any case, Paul was certain of their faith, just as he was certain of Timothy’s.  God had done a saving work within Timothy & had a plan to continue using him – which is one of the reasons Paul continually prayed for him.

How would God use him?  Through the spiritual gifts that had been imparted to him (1:6).  We don’t know what exact gift Timothy received (via Paul’s laying on of hands), but we do know that he seemed uncertain to use it.  That’s neither what Paul nor the Lord desired for him!  God gave Timothy a gift in order that it would be used.  Thus Timothy needed to “stir” it up.

  • So do we!  Each of us as believers have been gifted by God in some form or fashion.  Use your gifts!  God doesn’t give anything for it to be wasted away; He entrusts us with these things so that we might build up one another & give glory back to Him.  If you’re not using the gifts God has given you, you need to ask yourself why not? 

Apparently Timothy’s reason for refraining from his gift was fear.  And fear is really no reason at all.  2 Timothy 1:7, "For God has not given us a spirit of fear, but of power and of love and of a sound mind."  Fear isn’t an excuse because God doesn’t give fear.  Fear is the direct opposite of faith.  When we react to something out of fear, we can be certain that we’re not walking in faith.  God doesn’t give fear; He gives power & prudence.  IOW, God not only gives us the gift, but He gives us everything we need in order to exercise that gift.  So don’t be afraid to step out in faith!

  • This is often seen in evangelism.  We come to a situation that we know we need to share the gospel & we end up talking ourselves out of it because of fear…  Don’t talk yourself out of it; walk boldly into it, trusting that God will help you all along the way!
  • Whether it’s evangelism, or any other area of service/ministry – God will help us.  He won’t abandon those who seek to serve Him as an act of worship.  Don’t be afraid to step out; don’t be afraid, period.

God’s calling & the cost (1:8-18)
Of course Timothy was serving the Lord – he just was timid in doing so.  Paul’s encouragement to him was to leave the timidity behind.  There was no need for fear and no need for shame.  Some may have opposed Timothy, arguing that his mentor had obviously failed since he was in prison.  Yet the sufferings of the gospel were nothing of which Timothy needed to be ashamed (1:8).  It was God who called Paul to this work, just as God called Timothy to the work of the gospel (1:9).

And what was this gospel calling?  It was glorious!  Paul describes it as being eternal (1:9) – now revealed in Christ (1:10) – the abolishment of death & establishment of life (1:10) – the ministry of preaching, founding, and teaching among the Gentiles (1:11).  IOW, this was something worth suffering for.  If Paul needed to be imprisoned for preaching such good news among the Gentiles of the world, so be it.  God knew Paul’s own heart & the motives behind his ministry.  God would be his judge, and Paul looked forward to that day.

Thus instead of being ashamed of Paul, Timothy was to “hold fast” to the things he received from Paul (1:13).  What he received, he was to keep.  Other people might (and did) fall away, but Paul couldn’t bear to see that happen to Timothy, whom he loved so dearly.  There were some who fell away from Paul, the ministry, and likely the gospel itself (i.e. Phygellus & Hermogenes) – but not everyone had.  Some had remained faithful, such as the household of Onesiphorus who so loved Paul they were willing to search out his prison cell in the midst of Rome and minister to him there (2:16-18).

What God gives us is good.  It may be difficult at times – there may be suffering involved, but it is good.  What could be better than moving from death to life?  What could be better than being made a child of God, receiving not only the promise of immortality, but adoption by Almighty God Himself?  That is amazing!  Will there be a cost?  No doubt.  If you haven’t experienced suffering for the name of Jesus, you will.  But that cost is worth it.  Hold fast to Jesus!  Nothing the world offers compares with Him.

  • The streets of Christian culture are littered with people with Phygellus & Hermongenes.  They are unwilling to stand with Jesus, and the moment suffering comes, they abandon Him.  They want the promise of eternal life; they just don’t want anything else associated with it.  One of the good things about trials is that our faith is tested.  It’s then we find out if our faith is a mile wide & an inch deep, or if there’s actually something to it.  Paul knew the trials, and so did Timothy – that’s why he encouraged Timothy to hold fast.

Be strong
Endure in the gospel (2:1-13)
Part of holding fast is being strong – which is exactly what Paul encouraged Timothy to do in Ch. 2.  If Timothy was to continue doing what Paul did, that meant that he was to teach others, as Paul had taught him.  Timothy was one generation who needed to build up another generation of leaders, finding faithful men who would be able to teach the church (2:2).  As Timothy searched out these men, he needed to do so patiently, and endure.

Paul gave three pictures of endurance: the soldier – the athlete – the farmer (2:3-6).  The soldier who endures is focused on his mission, not allowing himself to get distracted by the culture.  The athlete who endures plays according to the rules all the way to the end.  The farmer who endures eats of what he grows first, before giving it out to others.  The overall idea is that Timothy was to carry on in the gospel.  Be committed – be disciplined – be sincere – but above all, be strong & steadfast.

Of course Paul himself endured, which was the reason he was in chains (2:9).  But again, Jesus was worth the chains.  When Paul endured, people heard the gospel & got saved (2:10).  When Paul endured, he simply followed the example of Jesus, who Himself endured unto the cross & keeps enduring to this day on our account (2:13).

Endure in holiness (2:14-26)
In the process, Timothy was to keep his own personal walk pure.  He wouldn’t be able to endure in the ministry if he was stumbled by sin or stumbled into false teaching.  There were many words & teachings that were not beneficial to the church (they were of “no profit” 2:14), and Timothy needed to do his best to not only avoid these things personally, but to warn his congregation about them as well.  These “profane and idle babblings” (2:16) had been taken up by some, and brought their faith to ruin.  Paul goes so far as to name names (Hymenaeus and Philetus), providing specific warnings not to follow their heretical teachings about the resurrection (2:18).

As for Timothy, his doctrine was to be true.  And the way he could ensure it remained so was to continue in the word of God (something of which Paul will write more later), striving to be considered by God a good worker/laborer in the Scriptures (2:15).  If Timothy was to teach the truth, he needed to know how to understand it for himself, thus the importance of “rightly dividing” it.

  • There is more to being a teacher of the word than getting up in the pulpit with a Bible in one’s hand.  A teacher needs to be able to rightly divide the word of truth, and that only comes when he spends time in the word, diving deep into it, letting the text be the sole standard from which all teaching is derived.  Too many so-called Bible teachers want to teach their own ideas & use the Bible to back them up.  Far better to teach the Bible, and let the Bible itself form our ideas!

In addition to holy doctrine, Timothy was also to endure in holy behavior.  He (like all Christians) needed to remember that he had been set apart from the world by God, made holy & special by Him.  Thus worldly behaviors and sins are to be avoided.  Youthful lusts are to be fled, while righteousness is to be pursued (2:22).  Foolish disputes are to be avoided, while patient teaching is to be desired (2:23-24).  The idea is that although Timothy would face opposition from worldly people (even those purporting to be Christians), he wasn’t to face them in a worldly manner.  They might come with strife; Timothy was to respond in grace, always presenting the gospel, always praying for their repentance.

  • We’re called to be different…so be different!  Don’t respond in kind to the cruelty of the world.  Don’t respond with sin to sinfulness.  Instead, endure in grace – stay steadfast in the calling of Jesus Christ.

Warnings of false teachers (3:1-9)
Timothy was already facing false teachers, but that was just the beginning.  Paul wrote very specifically about the kinds of people that would inhabit the last days.  2 Timothy 3:1–5, "(1) But know this, that in the last days perilous times will come: (2) For men will be lovers of themselves, lovers of money, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy, (3) unloving, unforgiving, slanderers, without self-control, brutal, despisers of good, (4) traitors, headstrong, haughty, lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God, (5) having a form of godliness but denying its power. And from such people turn away!"

Although much of this could be said about any time period in history, how well this fits the American culture of today!  Some people seem to embody virtually everything written here by Paul: egotistical, greedy, boastful, rude, crude, cruel, and more.  All the while they claim to be “Christian,” or at least have a good relationship with God.  They love themselves & love to claim things about God for themselves, but they certainly do not love the true God.  By denying the gospel of Christ, they deny the power of true godliness, showing themselves to be hypocrites in every sense of the word.

And how are true Christians supposed to deal with these people?  Avoid them.  Paul specifically told Timothy to “turn away” from them.  We’re not to associate ourselves with them, link arms with them, or do anything that lends them credibility.  When we build up the credibility of godless people, we destroy the credibility of the gospel.

  • This is one reason Christians need to be careful with whom they associate themselves politically.  Far better to lose a political battle than to lose your own testimony!

Paul warned Timothy about the destructiveness of false teachers who embraced such things.  Those were the ones taking advantage of women & always keeping people from the truth (3:6-7).  Eventually their falsehood would be made known to all people (3:9), but for those who follow them, the damage will have been done.

How not to be a false teacher (3:10-17)
As for Timothy, Paul desperately wanted his own son in the faith to remain pure from those things.  His desire for Timothy was for Timothy to remain a true teacher of God’s word; not to become a false one.  It’s a nice desire, but how should Timothy go about this practically?  That’s what Paul goes on to write next.

First, Timothy was to continue to follow Paul’s example.  Yes, Paul might be in prison now, but Timothy had been with him long enough to know what Paul taught & practiced (3:10-11).  Timothy even knew how Paul endured his own sufferings and persecutions.  Thus, Timothy was to walk in those same footsteps.  No matter how many deceivers arose around him (3:13), Timothy was to continue in the things entrusted to him by Paul (3:14).  Not that suffering could be avoided.  As Paul wrote, “all who desire to live godly in Christ Jesus will suffer persecution,” (3:12).  But that suffering could be prepared for, and it didn’t have to turn Timothy into a false teacher.

Most importantly, Timothy needed to continue in the things he had been taught.  He knew Paul’s doctrine, but where did Paul get his doctrine?  From the “Holy Scriptures,” which are able to make us wise for salvation through faith in Christ Jesus (3:15).  It’s the word!  False teachers become false teachers because they (1) do not know Jesus Christ, the Living Word, and (2) because they neither care about nor know the Scriptures, the written word.  Timothy had a true faith in the real Jesus; now he needed to build up that faith through the Scriptures which spoke of Jesus.

At this point, Paul gives some of the most foundational teaching about the Scriptures in all of the New Testament: 2 Timothy 3:16–17, "(16) All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, (17) that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work."  That the Scripture is the word of God is not a teaching that is new to Paul – it is affirmed through the Old Testament prophets and Jesus’ teaching in the gospels.  What makes this particular teaching so helpful is the clarity Paul gives in how God gave the Scriptures.  The written word is “inspired,” literally “God-breathed.”  IOW, the words of the Bible did not come from the minds of men; they came from the mind of God.  God the Holy Spirit breathed these words into men, but God is their origin.  The words within the Bible are the very words intended to be there by the very will of God.

  • If that is the case, that means the Bible is inerrant (without error) – infallible (without possibility of error, teaching rightly) – it is essential (for in it we know truth) – it is valuable (precious).  When interpreted correctly (rightly divided, 2:15) the written word of God is totally accurate in every single thing it teaches.  How could it be otherwise?  It came from the mind of the perfect God.
  • That being the case, what does that say about us as Christians when we neglect reading it?  God gave us His Scriptures to build us up, making us complete for every good work.  More than that, He gave it so that we would know HIM.  We know Jesus because someone preached Him to us, using the Bible to do so.  The Bible ought not to be worshipped; worship belongs to God alone.  But the Bible ought to be used!  It is our source for both doctrine and devotion.  When we know God rightly, we can worship Him rightly.  So read it!  Know it!  Get into it!  The better you know your Bible, the better you’ll know your God.

Be faithful
Final charge (4:1-5)
As Paul begins to wrap things up, he presents the most serious of tones.  Paul had a special relationship with Timothy, being virtual family even more than teacher/student – but as Paul gives this final word, he adopts the most formal language.  As if he and Timothy were standing in the throne room of God Himself, Paul charges his apprentice to “Preach the word!” (4:2)  At all times, in all ways, be ready to preach the word of God.  More than the written word (γραφή), Paul tells Timothy to preach the overall word (λόγος).  Whether Paul uses the term in the same way that John does in his gospel (“In the beginning was the word…”) is uncertain.  What is certain is that whatever Paul refers to includes more than the written Scripture, but the gospel itself as it points to Jesus.  Preach the word = Preach Christ!  Preach the good news!  Preach the message of salvation!  Preach the reconciliation of God through Jesus!  Declare and teach how men and women can be saved from the penalty of sin because of what God has done for them through Jesus Christ.  This was the message to be always on the lips of Timothy, and this is what he was to proclaim – whether people wanted to hear it or not.

No doubt, there was coming a time (which now is!) that people would not want to hear the gospel.  They don’t want “sound doctrine,” because they have “itching ears” (4:3).  IOW, they want to hear whatever thing is new – they want to hear whatever it is that tickles their fancy – they want to hear whatever it is that makes them feel a certain way.  It may be fable, but who cares?  As long as it makes them feel good.

  • Religious buildings are filled to overflowing with such people & teaching.  They might have crosses on the wall & Christian symbols all around – some might even wave their Bibles around like it’s some sort of prop – but they aren’t truly Christian in the slightest.  They’ve abandoned the truth of Jesus for the feel-good lie of the present age.  Beware!  Wherever you go (here or anywhere else) – make sure that they are preaching the word.  If you’re not listening to a preacher preach the word of God, then what are you hearing from him?  Whatever it is, you can’t build your life upon it.  Only God’s word is sufficient for that.

Paul’s victorious finish (4:6-8)
As Timothy was charged to remain faithful in those things, fulfilling his ministry (4:5), Paul was reminded that his own ministry was at an end.  “The time of [his] departure [was] at hand,” (4:6).  He had done everything the Lord had given him to do.  Like a marathoner, Paul endured to the very end, and there was a victory crown laid up for him by God (4:8).  Paul could be assured of seeing it simply because he was assured of seeing the Lord.

  • Paul isn’t the only one to look forward to a crown.  ALL of us have a reward that awaits us in heaven, to be given us by the Lord Jesus.  But we also need to finish our own races.  Endure to the end!  Stay steadfast!  You will come to the “wall” – perhaps many times – push through.  Keep going.  Keep your eyes on Jesus and keep running your race until the very end.

Last requests, thanks, greetings (4:9-22)
Paul has exhorted Timothy to be faithful in his own walk with Jesus – to be faithful as a minister of God who continually preached the gospel.  Now he exhorts Timothy to be a faithful friend.  There can be no doubt that Paul loved Timothy, and wanted to see his son in the faith one last time before he died.  Yes, Paul wanted Timothy to be faithful to the work there in Ephesus, but first he wanted to see Timothy’s face.  He implored Timothy to come quickly, because Paul felt all alone (4:9).  He had been abandoned by some (Demas), and others (Crescens, Titus) had left for ministry reasons.  Paul did have one friend with him in Luke, but he needed more.  He needed his dear friend Timothy.

Along with Timothy’s presence, Paul asked for a couple of specific items: (1) a cloak to help keep warm, and (2) books & papers to keep working (4:13).  Even at the end of his life, Paul desired to use every last minute for the Lord, writing to churches, encouraging people in their faith.  The Scripture is silent on whether or not Timothy actually got there in time, but there is no question of Paul’s heart & motive.

  • When do we stop serving the Lord?  We don’t.  That is something that will continue into eternity.  It might look different during different phases of our lives – but it is something that never completely ceases.  We might retire from our careers, but we never retire from our walk with Jesus.

Paul goes on to write of other abandonment and betrayal.  For some, he knew that God would repay them (4:14) – for others, Paul prayed for God’s mercy (4:16).  Contradiction?  No – just leaving things in the Lord’s hand.  Alexander the coppersmith was apparently still causing trouble, whereas the others seemed passive and harmless.  Whatever it took to bring them to repentance, that was Paul’s desire for them.

Of course, no matter who abandoned him, Paul knew that the Lord Jesus was always with him.  God strengthened him (4:17), and the message of the gospel was continually preached.  God had delivered him before, and Paul understood that He might just do it again.  Even if not, he knew his life and eternity was in the hands of God, and God deserved all the glory.

Paul concludes with some greetings to fellow laborers in the gospel, sends greetings from others to Timothy, and implores him one more time to come visit.  He ends with a close of grace.

Paul’s last words to Timothy are a great message to the rest of the church! 

  • Be bold in the gospel, being unashamed of Christ as well as everything else that comes with it. 
  • Be strong in endurance, persevering in the work.  Build yourself up in holiness, being careful not to be distracted by the things of the world.
  • Beware of false teachers, knowing that they are prophesied to come.  They are inevitable, but our own slide into false teaching is not.  Staying in the Scripture is the truest way to guard our hearts and minds from heresy.
  • Be faithful to the end.  One day we will all stand before the Lord Jesus, giving account to the opportunities He gave to us.  May we all be found to be good stewards, having pressed on to the prize!

What has God given you to do?  Stay faithful!  Press on!  Persevere!  Be encouraged that God has given you all you need to do it, be it through the spiritual gifts or through His written word.  Go and do it, setting the example for the generation behind you.


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