Stand Fast in Freedom

Posted: January 28, 2016 in Galatians, Route 66, Uncategorized

Route 66: Galatians, “Stand Fast in Freedom”

What do you do when you see someone headed for a cliff?  You warn them!  You do whatever it takes to get their attention, to let them know of the danger ahead.  We would do that for anyone, but especially for people whom we love.  If we see something they don’t, we sound the alarm, raise our voices, pull them aside – again, doing whatever it takes to stop them from moving forward.  Whether someone is driving into literal physical danger, or they are making decisions that will throw their lives into turmoil, if we see what lies ahead for them, we have to do something about it.  Silence is not an option.

Such was the case with the apostle Paul and the churches of Galatia.  They were headed for a theological cliff, and it was up to Paul to sound the alarm.  He loved these people – he was the one who had originally shared the gospel with them – and silence was not an option.  The issue was too important: literally the difference between the true gospel that brought eternal life, and a false gospel that enslaved people to death.  They were about to abandon what it was that had been given them, trading it in for a cheap imitation & lie from the pit of hell.

Thus Paul wrote the letter of Galatians.  Some have called it a mini-Romans, and in some ways it is. Apart from the letter to the Romans, the letter to the Galatians contains some of Paul’s most complete writings on the doctrine of justification by faith.  But it’s more than that – it’s a plea to stay in the doctrine of justification by faith.  IOW, it was a plea to stay in the gospel itself.  The Galatians were about to abandon the gospel, and Paul did whatever he could to sound the alarm.

That is an alarm worth sounding!  We cannot (we dare not) abandon the gospel of Jesus Christ.  We cannot leave the gospel of grace for works-based religion.  Be it pressure to convert to Judaism, or the rituals of the Catholic church, or the often legalistic works of Bible Belt Evangelicalism – we dare not forget that the sole reason we have any relationship with God at all is because we have faith in the resurrected Jesus Christ.  We did not earn our place – we did not gradually receive our grace…if we did, it wouldn’t be “grace” at all.  What we have, we have by faith…and in it, there is liberty.  Stand in that liberty!  Stay in that freedom!

Virtually without debate, the author is accepted to be Paul.  Not only does he state his identity in the opening verse, the biography is plainly his, the language is typically Pauline, and the theology is most definitely Pauline.  Aside from utter contempt for Biblical truth, there is really no reason to question his authorship at all.

By far the larger debate over the letter is in regards to whom it was written & when it was written.  There are two potential audiences & likewise two potential dates.  Paul himself addresses the letter “to the churches of Galatia,” (1:2), but therein lies the problem.  Unlike Corinth or Ephesus, Galatia isn’t a city; it’s a region. [MAP]  Located just west of Syria & just east of Asia, it lies in the middle of modern-day Turkey, but was a geographical region incorporating many cities.  So when Paul addresses the letter to the “churches” (plural) of Galatia, he is writing to several churches within the same region. 

Which ones?  That’s where the debate lies.  Culturally speaking, Galatia was divided between north & south.  In the north, there were ethnic Galatians (Gauls) who after coming from Western Europe had settled in the mountainous areas.  In the south, there was a mix of people who emigrated from around the Roman empire – and most of the roads (and thus commerce) went through the Romanized south.  Some scholars believe that Paul wrote to the ethnic Galatians in the north, but because there is no clear Biblical record of Paul ever travelling through the north, it becomes difficult to date the letter.  Because of the similarities of the content of Galatians 2 & the Jerusalem council of Acts 15, scholars who hold to the northern view date it sometime after Paul’s 2nd missionary journey (mid-50s).

Others believe that Paul wrote to the south, which includes the cities of Derbe, Lystra, and Iconium – each of which were visited by Paul during all three of his recorded missionary journeys (twice in the 1st journey alone).  Paul was highly familiar with these cities, having personally founded the churches there along with Barnabas, and had many friends in the area (Timothy’s hometown was Lystra, for instance).  If it was the case that Paul wrote to the southern churches, then the date of writing can be bumped up much earlier, to around 48AD.

Although the debate cannot be decisively solved, it seems that more evidence lies in favor of the southern cities & the earlier date.  (1) There is abundant Biblical evidence of Paul’s ministry there, and he was very invested in the lives & Christian growth of the people there.  (2) There is also abundant evidence of Jewish conflict within those cities, as the Jews followed Paul from place to place stirring up trouble.  It would serve as a natural jumping-off point for the Judaizers, whom Paul plainly wrote against within the letter.  (3) Date-wise, it only makes sense to date the letter very early, prior to the Jerusalem council described in Acts 15.  At that council, the issue of legalistic Judaism was clearly decided, and for Paul to be silent about that decision in this particular letter just doesn’t make any sense.  In addition, Paul’s description of Peter’s behavior around the Gentiles also makes no sense, considering how Peter was in favor of the council’s decision in Acts 15.

That’s not to say there aren’t questions to answer in regards to an early date, but it seems to make more sense with the content of the letter itself.

The primary issue of Galatians is that of legalism.  For the churches of Galatia, it was the problem of trapping themselves within the law of Moses – the pressure to become good Jews in order to truly become good Christians.  Although that specific issue does still exist today, the overriding issue of legalism is abundant within the church.  Too many times, we’re told we cannot be “good” Christians unless we dress certain ways, listen to certain radio stations, use certain phrases, give a certain amount of money, etc.  Whereas none of these things are bad (and can even be helpful), none of it saves.  Whether you tithe 5%, 10%, or 90%, your donation to the church will not buy you eternal salvation.  No matter how many bumper stickers you slap on your car, or how else you outwardly proclaim your Christianity, none of those things actually bring you into a covenant relationship with Christ.  That only happens through faith…and that is exactly Paul’s point.  Thus Galatians is as relevant today as the moment it was first written.

The letter tends to follow the typical format for a Pauline epistle, with the one added feature of providing some of Paul’s background, in addition to his usual sections of doctrine & application.

  • Paul’s Authority (1-2).  The Judaizers questioned Paul’s calling, and he first takes the time to reestablish his credentials.
  • Teaching: Faith Alone (3-4).  This is the meat of the letter, and Paul strongly emphasizes the doctrine of justification by faith, using the Old Testament patriarch of Abraham to do so.
  • Exhortation: Faith Practiced (5-6).  Though we are justified by faith, we do not have license to sin.  Paul makes that clear as he brings the letter to a close.

Paul’s Authority
Introduction (1:1-5)
The typical elements are here: Paul’s identification – his stated apostleship – the audience address – and the salutation of “grace and peace,” (often called the “twin sisters” of Paul).  As we saw in his letters to Corinth, Paul’s affirmation of his apostleship is a crucial element.  He is going to be addressing the Galatians with authority, and he states up front that he has the right to do so.  In fact, his own apostleship is something that is unique.  Like the original 12 from Jerusalem, Paul’s calling came personally from Jesus.  The Judaizing teachers that had come through Galatia might have called themselves “apostles” (such as the false teachers in Corinth), but if they did, it was their own labeling.  Paul’s authority didn’t come from man; it came from the resurrected Jesus Christ.

  • Thus his teaching was important!  It carries the authority of Christ.  Be careful with the idea of “red letter Christianity,” as if the spoken words of Jesus are more important than the rest of the Bible.  All of the Scripture is the written word of God, whether spoken by the mouth of the Lord Jesus, or placed into the mouths of the apostles by the Holy Spirit.

From here, Paul gives a summary of the gospel: Galatians 1:3–5, "(3) Grace to you and peace from God the Father and our Lord Jesus Christ, (4) who gave Himself for our sins, that He might deliver us from this present evil age, according to the will of our God and Father, (5) to whom be glory forever and ever. Amen." That’s it, in a nutshell!  God the Father and the Lord Jesus are equated as one, the very source of grace & peace to those who believe.  Jesus gave Himself as the punishment for our sin & delivers us not only from this present age, but delivers us into the eternal glory of God.  That is the gospel which we believe, and that alone is the gospel that saves!

The problem (1:6-10)
Although Paul had clearly proclaimed this gospel to the Galatians in the past, they seemed to abandon it.  Other teachers had come with different gospels, and it was to them that the Galatians turned.  They didn’t realize how dangerous this was – they didn’t realize the value of what it was that Paul had entrusted to them.  The gospel Paul preached was far more important than Paul himself.  Even if Paul had later changed his mind & preached something different, they were to stick with the original truth they had been given.  Even it an angel preached a different gospel, they weren’t to listen.  The gospel is what the gospel is – anything else is accursed.  Those who preached differently would be damned to hell (the literal idea behind the word “accursed”) – the gospel is that important!

  • Interestingly, some of the larger false religions of the world have come through supposed revelations from angels.  Mohammed claimed to have been taught by angels, as was Joseph Smith of the Mormons.  Both of these are different gospels – false gospels.  And both men are justly condemned as a result.
  • Don’t leave the truth!  It doesn’t matter who teaches it.  If Billy Graham went off the rails tomorrow & preached a different gospel, don’t listen.  If I lose my mind & spout something apart from the Biblical truth of Jesus, don’t listen.  You know the gospel – you have received the good news of Jesus & you hold the Biblical truth of Jesus in your hands.  Don’t abandon it!  It’s too important.

Paul’s conversion & calling (1:11-24)
What separated Paul’s gospel from that of the false teachers?  He received it directly by the revelation of Jesus Christ (1:12).  At this point, Paul describes a bit of his own testimony, how he had formerly persecuted Christians, but later came to faith by the will of God.  In the book of Acts, Paul’s conversion story is recounted no less than three times – it was that dramatic, being a direct revelation of the risen Jesus.  From the very moment of his conversion, Paul was given a call to ministry, though time would pass before it came to fruition.  Three years would follow between his initial call & his return to Jerusalem (1:18), and the leadership was convinced of Paul’s faith.  Afterward, he went to Tarsus (in Celicia) & eventually to Antioch (in Syria) where he and Barnabas were eventually called to the missionary field.

  • The whole point here is that Paul wasn’t dependent on man’s call to ministry.  His gospel wasn’t his own; neither was his calling.  This was something that God had set apart for him, and it was something Paul was faithful to follow.  For the Galatian churches, it was a not-so-subtle reminder that they had a true apostle of Christ in their midst.  If there was anyone they ought to have trusted, it was Paul.
  • As for us, few (if any) can say that we were saved by a direct revelation of the Lord Jesus.  But we can say that we were personally saved by God.  Whether you heard the gospel from a friend, heard it in church, read a tract, or whatever, the Lord Jesus Christ personally interacted in your life & made you aware of your need for salvation & His offer to save.  Men might lie, but the Lord never does.  Stay with your Lord!  Don’t depart from Him & His truth!

Paul’s experience (2:1-10)
What the Galatians encountered with the Judaizing teachers was nothing new.  Paul dealt with this many times throughout his ministry, and he recounts some of those experiences here.  14 years passed, and Paul, Barnabas, and Titus went to Jerusalem.  Yet although Titus was a Gentile, he was not compelled to be circumcised. (2:3)  Titus didn’t have to become a physical Jew to be a Christian, and Paul apparently fought strongly for Titus’ freedom to remain as he was – something that was affirmed by James, Peter, and John (2:9).

This section actually raises a couple of questions.  One, in regards to dating the letter.  If Galatians was written in 48AD, subtracting 14 years (2:1) and another 3 years (1:18) brings us to 31AD.  That cuts things rather close in Paul’s conversion, especially in terms of Jesus’ crucifixion (likely April 7, 30AD).  That isn’t necessarily impossible, but things become a little easier if the 3 years of 1:18 is thought to be incorporated into the 14 year of 2:1.

Second, the question is raised of Paul’s consistency.  What Paul did not command of Titus, he did of Timothy (Acts 16:3).  Why should Timothy be circumcised & not Titus?  Simply because the circumstances were different.  Titus was presumably a full Gentile, whereas Timothy’s mother Jewish & his father was Greek.  Timothy’s situation would have been a roadblock to the gospel, and one that was easily remedied (relatively speaking).  Thus Paul is entirely consistent, in that he both stood firm for the gospel of grace, and allowed no stumbling block in his proclamation of it.

Paul vs. Peter (2:11-21)
Paul’s commitment to the gospel went beyond his standing firm for Titus; it went on to his standing up against Peter.  Peter may have been one of the most prominent of the 12, but that did not deter Paul from confronting him to his face when he was out of line.  Apparently Peter had visited Paul’s home church of Antioch, and began treating the Gentile Christians differently from the Jewish ones.  Paul knew that Peter knew better, and called him out.

  • Again, this is another argument in favor of a pre-Acts 15 dating.  Peter was very influential in the Jerusalem council, making a strong argument against Judaism.  It wouldn’t make sense for Peter to act this way after that time, though he may have still wavered back & forth prior to it.

The key in Paul’s argument against Peter was the same thing that Paul was trying to drive home to the Galatians: Galatians 2:16, "(16) knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law but by faith in Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Christ Jesus, that we might be justified by faith in Christ and not by the works of the law; for by the works of the law no flesh shall be justified."  We are most certainly called to works (Eph 2:10), but we are not justified by works.  Especially the work of the Jewish law.  No one can be justified by the law; the law only condemns us as it identifies our sin.  The only way anyone is saved is by faith in Jesus Christ.  It is HIS work that saves us, so it is in Him that we must believe.

Teaching: Faith Alone
Bewitched! (3:1-4)
It turns a bit personal at this point, but it makes sense when we consider Paul’s relationship with the churches.  He personally laid the foundation, giving them the gospel…and yet they turned from it.  From Paul’s point of view, it was as if they were hypnotized – or to borrow from pagan terminology, if they had a spell cast upon them.  They were acting as totally different people – certainly not the people who first understood the gospel of grace.  They had received the Holy Spirit by grace; not works.  Yet they were trying to be made perfect by works; not grace.  Instead of continuing in simple faith, they gave themselves over to legalistic religion.  Had everything Paul taught them been in vain?

  • Again, we might not do it through Judaism (though some might), but many Christians fall into a similar trap.  They might say that they are saved through faith, but they continually strive in works, never having any real assurance of their faith.  They outwardly affirm the grace of God, but they don’t trust the grace of God.  They try to perfect themselves through works of the flesh, instead of always relying upon the grace of Jesus.  Christian: without Jesus, we have nothing!  We have no justification, no sanctification, no glorification.  No part of our salvation will ever be made complete without the work of Jesus.

Salvation by faith (3:5-9)
This is where Paul gets into the doctrine of justification by faith in earnest, using the Old Testament saint of Abraham as his example.  Whereas the Judaizers appealed to Moses, Paul went back even further to the founder of the Hebrew faith.  However it was Abraham was saved would be how anyone would be saved, as even Moses had his faith in the God of Abraham.  And how was Abraham saved?  Through faith!  It was that way for Abraham & that way for all the Gentiles who would later believe.  Galatians 3:9, "(9) So then those who are of faith are blessed with believing Abraham."

Cursed by the law (3:10-14)
Just to make the point clear, Paul shows from the law that the law does not justify anyone.  All the law can do is condemn – to bring a curse upon those who do not perfectly live according to the law.  If someone is looking to the law of Moses to justify him/herself, that person is going to be severely disappointed!  All will be seen is the reality of our own sin, and the righteous wrath of God that we have incurred for ourselves.  But that brings us back to the good news of justification by faith.  After all, it was upon the cross that Jesus became the curse of the law (3:13), bearing the punishment that we deserved, so that we might be saved.

Covenant of faith confirmed (3:15-18)
The objection might be raised, “Ahh, but is the covenant of Abraham still in effect?”  And the answer is: yes!  The covenant God made with Abraham is a confirmed covenant, which even when it was originally made, pointed specifically to Christ Jesus as Abraham’s true promised “Seed” (3:16).  Thus the law of Moses does not supersede the covenant of Abraham.  The promise that God made to Abraham was still in full effect the whole time the Mosaic law governed the nation of Israel.  There was still an Abrahamic promise to look forward – there was always the promise of justification by faith in Christ.

Purpose of the law (3:19-25)
If that was the case, then why did Moses give the law at all?  Was it contrary to the promises of God (3:21)?  No.  The law is righteous.  How could it be otherwise?  Moses may have written it, but it was authored by God.  The law is good & holy, and God had a divine purpose for it.  The law wasn’t given to save; it was given to show the need for salvation.  God gave the Mosaic law to His people to “guard” them (3:23), to keep them looking for the promise of Abraham.  Paul describes it another way: Galatians 3:24–25, "(24) Therefore the law was our tutor to bring us to Christ, that we might be justified by faith. (25) But after faith has come, we are no longer under a tutor."

The idea of a “tutor” isn’t so much a schoolteacher, but a special servant that takes a child to a schoolteacher.  The law of Moses is what kept the Hebrews looking for the Messiah, and it is the very thing that takes us to Jesus.  When we understand the depths of our own sinfulness, we understand how badly we need a Savior.  When we understand that no work can save us, it leaves us helpless…and that’s the point.  All we can do is trust the One who promises to save – we trust Christ Jesus.

  • Is this what you have done?  Have you seen your need for Jesus & trusted Him by faith?  If not, don’t wait!  The law condemns each and every one of us.  We have made ourselves the gods of our own lives – we lusted after gods of our own imaginations – we dwelt upon evil thoughts, lied, stolen, hated others in our hearts, and more.  When we look to the law, we are left condemned!  No amount of prayers, acts of contrition, or other sacrifices can atone for the things that we’ve done. The only hope we have of salvation is to BE saved, and that is exactly what Jesus does.  Trust Him!  Believe upon Him by faith, and receive His gift today.

Sons through faith (3:26-4:7)
So what is the result of being justified by faith?  Becoming a son of God, and an heir of Abraham according to the promise (3:26,29).  Prior to faith in Jesus, we were enslaved to the world, but God intervened.  He sent Jesus: the right one in the right way at the right time for the right reasons.  Galatians 4:4–5, "(4) But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law, (5) to redeem those who were under the law, that we might receive the adoption as sons."

  • Praise God that we are the sons of God!  There are no “lesser” children with the Lord, we are all one in Christ Jesus (3:28).  We have been adopted by God & been brought into the inheritance of Christ.  This is grace beyond our imagination, and it only comes through faith in Him.  Why would anyone give it up for anything?

Bewildered! (4:8-20)
Paul was asking himself questions about the Galatian Christians.  At this point, he had many doubts about them (4:20).  He knew what he had preached to them, and where they had come from (4:8).  He knew they came from false gods & false religions, but seemed to be turning to false things again.  They were enslaving themselves to Jewish traditions & calendars, and it was all so unnecessary.  It was Paul who became as a Gentile to preach to the Gentiles (4:12); they didn’t need to become like Jews.  What happened to them?  They had been plainly deceived, and they didn’t think through what it was they were doing.

Two women, two mountains, two covenants (4:21-31)
In a final attempt to drive home the point, Paul goes again to Abraham – this time, to his sons.  Paul takes a few liberties here, interpreting the history of Genesis as allegory, but it is effective in illustrating the problem.  Abraham had a son by two women: Hagar & Sarah, yet only one was the son of promise.  Hagar was a woman enslaved; Sarah was a freewoman wed to the man of God’s covenant.  Paul ties Hagar with Mt. Sinai & the slavery of the law, whereas Sarah is associated with Mt. Zion in Jerusalem & the freedom of the promise.  What were the Galatians to do?  Be free!  There is no freedom in bondage to the law, and that was not to what the Galatians were called.

Exhortation: Faith Practiced
Stay in liberty (5:1-6)
So Paul has made the point.  How were the Galatians to put it into practice?  Through faith in Christ they were made free; now they were to stay free.  Galatians 5:1, "(1) Stand fast therefore in the liberty by which Christ has made us free, and do not be entangled again with a yoke of bondage." Be free – stay free – stand fast in liberty!  It is so easy to entangle ourselves with legalistic religion, be it circumcision or anything else.  Don’t do it.  Christ has made us free, now stay free!  To put ourselves back under legalism is to discount the cross.  To think that any work makes us “more” saved is to miss the point of salvation by faith entirely.

  • Yet how often we do this!  Nothing can save us more than what has already been done.  Did Jesus need our help upon the cross?  Did He need assistance in rising from the grave?  If not, why do we think we can somehow add to the grace God has given?  If we could add to it, we wouldn’t need it in the first place.  Everything we have in God is utterly dependent upon Jesus…THAT is the gospel!

Legalists condemned (5:7-12)
Paul knew how the Galatians began, and it tore him up to see what they were becoming.  They had given into to a little heresy & it quickly led to a lot (like yeast working its way through dough).  They had believed lies about the gospel & lies about Paul, and they were quickly departing from any assurance they had of salvation at all.  Paul certainly didn’t preach circumcision (as he was accused of doing) – if the Judaizers were so fond of cutting something, Paul could think of something they could cut! (5:12)

  • Harsh?  Yes…but that’s how important this issue is.  To preach any other gospel is to preach a false gospel, and that is something that leaves people condemned.

Liberty vs. licentiousness (5:13-26)
Of course the easy objection to justification by faith is this: “If works don’t matter in our salvation, that means that people can live any way that they want.”  Wrong.  Justification by faith never serves as an excuse for sin.  Paul never once paints a picture of free grace that is cheap grace.  On the contrary, with it established that faith alone saves us, he immediately goes into the application of righteous living.  If someone wants to be free of the flesh, the way to do it is not through legalistic religion, but by being grounded in the liberty we have in Christ.  The more reliant we are upon the Holy Spirit, the less we will walk according to the lustful desires of our flesh.  Galatians 5:16, "(16) I say then: Walk in the Spirit, and you shall not fulfill the lust of the flesh."  One precludes the other.  The answer to licentiousness is not legalism; it’s faith in Christ!

Paul goes on to describe the difference between fleshly living & spiritual living.  The true fruit of the Spirit is love (5:22), which expresses itself in multiple ways.  That is the result of true grace-filled living, and that is our ongoing desire.

Love in action (6:1-10)
So far, Paul described the faith-filled life in terms of the individual, but there is also application to the Christian community.  What does Spirit-produced love in a believer look like within the church?  It looks like loving people through times of failure (6:1) – it looks like bearing one another’s burdens, be it spiritual or physical (6:2) – it looks like taking responsibility for oneself (6:5) – it looks like generous financial giving (6:6-7) – and it does look like doing good works (6:9-10).  Grace does not forbid us from doing good; it is the ultimate incentive in doing good.  We don’t do good in order to be saved; we do good because we are saved.  That makes all of the difference in the world.

Final appeal & close (6:11-18)
Paul wraps things up with a very personal appeal.  6:11 mentions the “large letters” he wrote.  Normally, Paul (and many others) wrote using a type of secretary called an “amanuensis.”  Paul would rarely actually put pen to paper, but he would speak out what he wanted to say while someone else took dictation.  It’s not that Paul didn’t know how to write, but he likely didn’t have good handwriting.  Yet occasionally Paul took efforts to personally write – something which was made more difficult by problems with his eyesight.  When he did, it underscores his passion for his audience.  It was at this point, Paul took over the writing (at least temporarily), showing this letter was something he labored over…he didn’t want them to take it lightly.

What did he want them to know?  The same thing he had said over & over again: there is nothing but Jesus.  There is no boasting in law, no boasting in circumcision – the only boast Paul & any of us have is Christ!  Those who are Christ’s are new creations, experiencing the peace and mercy of God.

How important it is to stand in the freedom we have been given in Christ!  We cannot make ourselves “more” saved or “more” perfect in Christ – we have been given everything we need when we put our faith in Him.  That’s not to say we do not have works to do, but our motivation in doing them makes a huge difference.  When we do good works (acts of service, generous gifts, etc.) – do we do them in an attempt to impress God?  Do we try to ingratiate ourselves to God through our pious prayers or raised hands?  Do we participate in Jewish traditions (or Catholic, or Pentecostal) to set us apart from “lesser” Christians?  If so, we’ve placed ourselves back under the law.  We’ve attempted to make ourselves righteous by our works, and it is antithetical to the gospel.

It is when we rejoice in our free salvation, when we are grounded totally in the faith that we have in Christ – it is then that when we do good works, we are truly doing it for the right reason.  At that point, it’s not about making ourselves good in the sight of God, it’s simply an outgrowth of the work God has already done in us.  Religion is always a “DO”; the gospel is “DONE.”  Jesus has already done the work.  Everything else in our lives flows from that.

Maybe you haven’t been so much struggling with legalism in your own life, but rather legalism that others have tried to impose upon you.  That’s the way it began with the Galatians & it all went downhill from there.  Stand fast in your freedom!  Others might desire legalism for themselves, but that’s not what God has called us to.  You have been saved by the grace of Christ…stand firm in that grace!

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