God’s Protection and Promise

Posted: August 8, 2013 in Isaiah

Isaiah 34-35, “God’s Protection and Promise”

What are the things you’re waiting for?  Are you hanging on to the promises of God?  Sometimes it can get tough to wait, but the wait is worth it.

Chapter 33 had reminded the people of the glorious promise that awaited them.  Yes, they would have trials now, just as the Assyrian army was virtually on the doorsteps of Jerusalem.  But not only would God deliver them from Assyria, God had also promised them a glorious kingdom in which they would live in the presence of the Messiah Himself.

The promise continues in Ch 34-35.  The people of God could look forward to the kingdom, and in the process, they could also be assured of the protecting vengeance of the Lord.  God would judge the nations of the world (specifically the enemies of Israel), and the tribulation that Jerusalem was now facing would be reversed.  It would be the enemies of Zion that would be a wilderness, whereas the wilderness of Zion would be made into a place of life in the presence of the glory of God.

God’s promises are worth waiting for!

Isaiah 34

  • God’s promised judgment upon the nations (vss. 1-4)

1 Come near, you nations, to hear; And heed, you people! Let the earth hear, and all that is in it, The world and all things that come forth from it. 2 For the indignation of the LORD is against all nations, And His fury against all their armies; He has utterly destroyed them, He has given them over to the slaughter.

  • For the last several chapters, the words of God through Isaiah have been directed at Israel/Judah.  The Jews had been relying upon their own wisdom on how to deal with the threat of the Assyrians, and seemingly finally turned to the Lord God in their trust.  What happened historically as they trusted the Lord will be the subject of Ch 36-37.  Although God had given some prophecies regarding other nations in the past, the primary audience from Ch 26 onward have been the Jews (and specifically their woes from Ch 28 onward).  Yet now the audience changes.  No longer is God calling upon the nation of Israel to hear; He is calling upon the nations of the world.  All peoples everywhere are to pay attention to the words and the judgment of Almighty God.  The “LORD” is the Covenant God of Israel, but His power and authority is not limited to Israel.  When God speaks, all peoples everywhere are to pay attention!
    • This is an important distinction for the people of the day.  Culturally, most nations worshipped their own regional gods and goddesses.  They would call upon their gods for help in times of battle, and when invading nations would defeat them, it would be shown to have been a defeat of the regional deity.  God does away with all of that idolatry here.  God is not just the God of Israel; He is the God of the Universe.  Yahweh God certainly shows special favor to Israel, as the descendants of Abraham are His chosen people – but He is not limited to Israel.  God’s power does not disappear outside of the physical boundaries of the nation.  God is the God of all the earth – He is the one true God – and when God speaks, we need to listen.
    • There will be many people who only come to grips with this fact when they see Jesus for their judgment.  Today, they say, “You can worship your God & I’ll worship my idea of god,” (or no god, or whatever), and they believe that they will be accountable only to whatever idea of God they did or did not have.  Not only is that supremely illogical, it’s not remotely true.  Truth is truth, whether we like it or not.  (For ex: gravity…)  People WILL answer to the Living God because He is the Living God.
  • Why should the nations pay attention to the God of Israel?  Because His “indignation” is against them.  The “fury” of God is against all the armies of the world.  God’s purpose for them is drastic “slaughter.”  These aren’t typically the adjectives we use about God in our evangelistic presentations!  When we think about God, we think about His love, grace, and mercy; not fury & slaughter.  Yet one does not come at the exclusion of the other.  As gracious as our God is, He is still righteous and vengeful.  He is full of wrath towards sin and rebellion.  This is no more clearly demonstrated than at the cross of Jesus.  The very reason we can experience the grace, mercy, and love of God is because Jesus already intercepted the wrath and fury of God towards our sin in our place.  We DO worship a God who is (rightly) furious towards sin.  It is an infinite offense against His holiness, and against His supreme rule as the God of the Universe.  It is mutiny – treason – rebellion against the God who created us and gave us breath.  Thus the punishment is His wrath through our death.  Yet Jesus stepped in, and took that wrath in our place.  The grace of God is on full display alongside His wrath!  (Praise God for the cross of Jesus – how grateful we ought to be, for how despondent we would be without it!)
  • Contextually, why is God furious with the nations?  The fact that God’s fury is “against all their armies” clues us in a bit.  Recall that the past several chapters have all dealt with the Assyrian threat.  The next few chapters will detail the historical resolution of the threat.  Ch. 34-35 come right in the middle of that, so obviously there must be some connection to it all, even though Assyria is not mentioned in the slightest in these two chapters.  The idea would seem to be that just as the army of Assyria came against God’s people, so do so many armies of the nations all over the world.  Even today, the modern nation of Israel has no lack of enemies, and a very short list of friends.  (It would be difficult to include the USA in that list at all!)  The nations have always come against Israel, and will continue to do so.  The fact that God is calling the whole world to account brings to mind the 2nd coming of Christ at the battle of Armageddon at the end of the Great Tribulation.  After all, it’s during the years of the Tribulation that we see God rising up in His wrath against all the nations of the world.  It would seem that as the world’s confederation of armies (led by Antichrist and the 10 kings out of Babylon – Rev 13:1, 17:16-18) rise up against the people of God at the end of the Tribulation, God rises up in judgment against them.  IOW, how God treats the army of Assyria is a direct reflection of how He will treat the armies of Antichrist.  Both armies will go to war against the Jews, and God will defend them both times – fervently and in His glorious fury.

3 Also their slain shall be thrown out; Their stench shall rise from their corpses, And the mountains shall be melted with their blood. 4 All the host of heaven shall be dissolved, And the heavens shall be rolled up like a scroll; All their host shall fall down As the leaf falls from the vine, And as fruit falling from a fig tree.

  • Massive worldwide calamity!  The death toll during the time of God’s wrath being poured out will be immense.  So much so, that the very mountains will be soaked to saturation with blood.  Is this figurative, symbolic language?  No doubt – but the picture it paints is literal.  There’s no escaping that the Scripture teaches massive death and destruction during the Tribulation time.  Again, thinking about the context of the Assyrians – in one night, an angel of the Lord killed 185,000 soldiers.  Just imagine what will happen during the seven years of the wrath of God being poured out.  It’s no wonder Jesus said that unless those days were shortened, no flesh would be saved! (Mt 24:22)  
  • Not only will there be calamity upon the earth, there will be calamity in the heavens.  Isaiah has a vision of stars (perhaps meteors) falling from the skies, and the atmosphere itself rolling up in dissolution.  Some commentators take the falling of the stars & falling figs to be pictures of nations falling before God in judgment.  Certainly that can be applied, but there is little reason to doubt that the heavens themselves will be shaken when God moves in His righteous wrath.
  • If all of this sounds like a scene from the book of Revelation, it should! The opening of the 6th seal… Revelation 6:13–14, "(13) And the stars of heaven fell to the earth, as a fig tree drops its late figs when it is shaken by a mighty wind. (14) Then the sky receded as a scroll when it is rolled up, and every mountain and island was moved out of its place." []  Looking forward to the end of Armageddon… Revelation 14:19–20, "(19) So the angel thrust his sickle into the earth and gathered the vine of the earth, and threw it into the great winepress of the wrath of God. (20) And the winepress was trampled outside the city, and blood came out of the winepress, up to the horses’ bridles, for one thousand six hundred furlongs." []
    • With these sorts of things taking place in the sky (and on the ground through the worldwide death), there ought to be little doubt as to what was going on, and that God is behind it all.  And that is exactly the point.  Today, people look at the created universe and still doubt God’s existence, but during those days all doubt will be removed!  God makes it painfully obvious that He is the One behind it, and it ought to drive people to their knees in repentance.  And for many, it will!  Yet sadly for countless others, it won’t.  They will dig their heels in their rebellion against God, and they will truly perish without excuse.
  • God’s promised judgment upon Edom (vss. 5-7)

5 “For My sword shall be bathed in heaven; Indeed it shall come down on Edom, And on the people of My curse, for judgment.

  • God had called out all the world to hear His word of judgment, but He specifically calls out Edom here.  Edom might seem to be an unusual choice in that it never a superpower like Assyria or Babylon.  It never enslaved the Hebrew people like Egypt.  Why Edom?  Edom (also known as Seir) had been a long-standing enemy of Israel, and their family history goes back to the patriarchs.  Edom is descended from Esau, the elder twin-brother of Jacob/Israel, whom Jacob tricked from getting the birthright and the blessing.  Apart from their initial relationship, there doesn’t seem to be much interaction between the descendants of Israel and Esau, until the time Israel is returning to the promised land from their slavery in Egypt.  At that point, Edom refused the Hebrews passage through their land, and the Hebrews had to take a long road around.  After that, they were thorns in each others’ sides until Judah was taken into captivity.  It was at that point that the Edomites oppressed the surviving Jews, and even turned some of them over to more slaughter (which is the subject of the entire book of Obadiah).  Though that was still several years in the future at the time of Isaiah’s writing, God already proclaims His judgment upon Edom – prophetically declaring His wrath for their future sin against His people.
  • In addition to the actual nation of Edom, many suggest that Edom could be symbolic of the nations as a whole.  If Israel represents the people who have received the favor of God and have been brought into relationship by the grace of God, Edom represents those who have turned away from God, hating Him and His blessings (just like Esau hated his birthright).  In that light, God is continuing to proclaim His judgment upon the rebellious nations of the world, just using Edom as one example out of many.
  • At the same time, just from the words of the text, we need to assume that God picked out Edom for a reason.  What Edom experiences in God’s judgment will certainly apply to all those who continue in rebellion against God, but God had a literal judgment in mind for the literal nation.
    • Where is Edom? Basically southern-Jordan.  It’s most famous landmark is the rock-city of Petra.  After the land was conquered by the Nabatean empire, the city (and land in general) remained so much a desolation that it was “rediscovered” in 1813.

6 The sword of the LORD is filled with blood, It is made overflowing with fatness, With the blood of lambs and goats, With the fat of the kidneys of rams. For the LORD has a sacrifice in Bozrah, And a great slaughter in the land of Edom. 7 The wild oxen shall come down with them, And the young bulls with the mighty bulls; Their land shall be soaked with blood, And their dust saturated with fatness.”

  • It’s a gory picture, no doubt – but this is the judgment that the Lord God proclaimed that He would bring upon Edom.  The image is one of sacrifice, yet instead of “lambs and goats,” etc., shed for the forgiveness of sin in Jerusalem, the blood of sacrifice soaks into the land of the Edomites.  “Bozrah” was a principal city in Edom & apparently a place where sacrifices were made to their false gods.  It didn’t matter how many sacrifices they made in their pagan idolatry – it would not stop the judgment of God from coming upon them.  Edom itself would be sacrificed unto the Lord in His wrath.
  • The whole point of a sacrifice is that something else would suffer the punishment for our sin – it’s a substitute.  Instead of US dying, something else dies in our place.  However, the issue is two-fold. (1) The sacrifice needs to be appropriate, and (2) the God to whom the sacrifice is offered needs to be able to accept it.  If one or both of these things fall short, then the sacrifice is useless, and the person has no substitute.  Edom had neither of these things.  Whatever sacrifices they brought were brought outside of the law as given by the one true God & it was offered to whatever false god that they served.  As a result, the One God would had the power to pardon them, didn’t…and the people of Edom would be slaughtered as a result.
    • Praise God that we have an appropriate sacrifice in Jesus Christ!  Even the ancient Hebrews had to look forward to the one sufficient sacrifice.  They couldn’t bring enough animals on their own to truly have their sins forgiven.  They needed a greater sacrifice – one that would truly be sufficient for their needs…and that sacrifice is only found in Jesus!
  • Extent of the desolation (vss. 8-15)

8 For it is the day of the LORD’s vengeance, The year of recompense for the cause of Zion.

  • Why would God judge Edom (and the world)?  “Vengeance.”  God did this “for the cause of Zion.”  The Bible tells us that vengeance is the Lord’s (Dt 32:35, Rom 12:19), and this is one demonstration of the proof of it.  Edom (and the nations of the world) had oppressed the people of Jerusalem in myriads of ways, and God would rise up in her defense and take vengeance upon her enemies.
  • Our God is a just God! … …

9 Its streams shall be turned into pitch, And its dust into brimstone; Its land shall become burning pitch. 10 It shall not be quenched night or day; Its smoke shall ascend forever. From generation to generation it shall lie waste; No one shall pass through it forever and ever.

  • Edom is described in terms of total desolation in the next several verses.  The first picture is one of burning.  The “pitch” (tar) & “brimstone” (sulfur) would burn continually there, and the smoke would never stop rising.  Like Sodom and Gomorrah of old, God would go to war against Edom, completely wiping them off the face of the earth, and its destruction would be complete.
  • No doubt this is also purposefully reminiscent of the fires of Gehenna, which Jesus referenced in His teachings about hell.
  • So much would Edom be turned into a wasteland, it would be populated by nothing by wild animals…

11 But the pelican and the porcupine shall possess it, Also the owl and the raven shall dwell in it. And He shall stretch out over it The line of confusion and the stones of emptiness. 12 They shall call its nobles to the kingdom, But none shall be there, and all its princes shall be nothing. 13 And thorns shall come up in its palaces, Nettles and brambles in its fortresses; It shall be a habitation of jackals, A courtyard for ostriches.

  • Edom had a long line of nobility, with its royal genealogy stretching much further back in history than the monarchy in Jerusalem.  (Edom’s monarchy is listed in Genesis 36!)  Despite their long history, it would all come to nothing.  What once was a storied kingdom would now be a kingdom of nothingness.
  • The cities would be turned into ruins, and nothing would dwell in the former palaces except the desert creatures…

14 The wild beasts of the desert shall also meet with the jackals, And the wild goat shall bleat to its companion; Also the night creature shall rest there, And find for herself a place of rest. 15 There the arrow snake shall make her nest and lay eggs And hatch, and gather them under her shadow; There also shall the hawks be gathered, Every one with her mate.

  • What Isaiah wrote of Edom seems to have been at least partially fulfilled.  The kingdom of the Edomites survived until the rise of the Nabatean empire, and then seemed to be completely wiped out.  It’s glorious buildings became ruins, and those who wrote of their visits to the region seemed to report many of the same animals that Isaiah wrote of here.  (Jamieson, Fausset, Brown) “Edom’s original offense was: they would not let Israel pass through their land in peace to Canaan: God recompenses them in kind, no traveller shall pass through Edom. VOLNEY, the infidel, was forced to confirm the truth of this prophecy: "From the reports of the Arabs, southeast of the Dead Sea, within three days’ journey are upwards of thirty ruined towns, absolutely deserted."”
  • Even with all that in mind, there still seems to have been only a partial fulfillment.  Isaiah wrote of complete desolation and a continual burning.  Yet today, although the land is desert, it’s not completely uninhabited.  And though the land is scorched with heat, there is not a continual rising of smoke.  Of course the context seemed to point beyond the immediate days of the nation to the end of the Great Tribulation and the 2nd coming of the Lord Jesus Christ at the battle of Armageddon.  It would seem that there is still the literal fulfillment of all these verses yet to come in the future.
    • The Scripture seems to leave open the distinct possibility of this continual burning & wilderness Edom during the years of the Millennial Kingdom.  Interestingly, when we read of the physical borders of Millennial Israel given by God (Num 34:1-12, Eze 47:18-19), it would seem that although the land stretches from the river of Egypt to the river Euphrates (Gen 15:18), the southern & eastern borders still stop in the area of the Jordan…thereby skirting Edom altogether.  Thus Israel could flourish in amazing ways (as Ch 35 will proclaim) while Edom suffers a continual judgment.
  • Prophecy is assured (vss. 16-17)

16 “Search from the book of the LORD, and read: Not one of these shall fail; Not one shall lack her mate. For My mouth has commanded it, and His Spirit has gathered them.

  • God’s prophecies are true!  He makes it plain here that His word will be literally fulfilled – “not one” of His prophecies would fail.  Once God said it, it had the power and authority of God behind it, and God the Spirit would see it through to its completion.
  • Contextually, this seems to be in regards to the whole of God’s prophecy regarding Assyria, and taking it through the nations of the world & Edom…
  • Conceptually, it’s true regarding ALL Scripture!

17 He has cast the lot for them, And His hand has divided it among them with a measuring line. They shall possess it forever; From generation to generation they shall dwell in it.”

  • Who is the “them”?  Most likely, the animals.  Just as God had (and would) divide the land of Kingdom among the various tribes of Israel, so would God divide out the land of Edom as an inheritance for the wild desert beasts.  And just as Israel inherited their land forever, so would the inheritance of the beasts last forever.  This would be a total desolation.
  • What is described in Ch. 34 regarding Edom (and by extension, the nations that had warred against God & Israel) is drastically contrasted in Ch. 35 regarding the Millennial Kingdom and the city of Zion.  The rebellious nations are judged & cities are made a wilderness, whereas Zion is blessed and it turns from a wilderness into a glorious city.  See Ch. 35…

Isaiah 35

  • Transformation of the wilderness #1 (vss. 1-2)

1 The wilderness and the wasteland shall be glad for them, And the desert shall rejoice and blossom as the rose; 2 It shall blossom abundantly and rejoice, Even with joy and singing. The glory of Lebanon shall be given to it, The excellence of Carmel and Sharon. They shall see the glory of the LORD, The excellency of our God.

  • What a change!  What a promise for Zion!  The people of God who were facing the immediate Assyrian threat, and the guaranteed exile in Babylon had something glorious that awaited them in the future.  Their city that would be turned into a wasteland through the destruction of enemy armies would come back from the dead, and even the wilderness would rejoice at the change.  Desert sands would blossom, and the fruitfulness of the forests of Lebanon & other famous cities would be seen in Israel.  There is life that comes from death – there is joy that comes from mourning – everything changes for Israel when God brings the people into their glorious future in the Kingdom.
  • There really ought to be no doubt from Isaiah’s writing that this (and the whole chapter) is still a future prophecy.  There are some who would attempt to spiritualize Ch 35 (and other related prophecies) to the Church.  They would say that surely it is the Church that sees the glory of God, and it is the Church that has experienced the strength and salvation of the Lord.  And no doubt, that is true!  We truly have had our blind eyes open to the salvation of God through Jesus Christ, and our dead souls have come to life when we were born of the Spirit of God.  Yet the plain context of the passage has nothing to do with the Church at all.  Isaiah is writing to his people of the contrast between Jerusalem and Edom – he is writing of the promises that God has for His national people.  God would sustain His people through all sorts of trials.  He would sustain them through the Assyrian siege – He would bring the people back into the land after a prolonged exile – and there were still future plans that awaited Israel.  One day they would be in a Kingdom in which they would see the “glory of the LORD” – and that was something in which they could rejoice!
    • BTW – this is also something in which WE as the Church can rejoice.  Some wonder how a Christian can relate to national promises given to Israel.  The answer is two-fold: (1) We are grafted into many of those same promises.  We share in the blessings of Israel because we have been brought into the people of God through Jesus Christ.  (2) It speaks of the faithfulness of God.  If we cannot trust God to mean what He spoke to Israel, how can we trust what God says to the Church?  Yet if God is faithful to the letter regarding Israel, we can be assured that every promise He made to us will be fulfilled to the letter as well.
  • Exhortation to stand fast (vss. 3-4)

3 Strengthen the weak hands, And make firm the feeble knees. 4 Say to those who are fearful-hearted, “Be strong, do not fear! Behold, your God will come with vengeance, With the recompense of God; He will come and save you.”

  • Here’s Isaiah’s word of encouragement to the nation.  Because God had made these promises, the people needed to stand strong in faith.  It would be easy (and natural) to fear all of the enemies that surrounded them.  Be it Edom, or Assyria, or whomever – there was always someone looking to wipe the Hebrews off the face of the earth.  But they needed to remember that the existence of the nation did not depend upon their own strength, but upon the power and the promise of God.  Whatever happened to them, God saw.  God would take “vengeance” upon their enemies, and He would “save” them and give them the deliverance that they longed for.  Because God loved them & had a plan for them, they had no reason for their knees to shake in fear – they could trust their covenant God.
  • Likewise with us!  Be strong & have faith while you wait upon the Lord.
  • Transformation of the wilderness #2 (vss. 5-7)

5 Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, And the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped. 6 Then the lame shall leap like a deer, And the tongue of the dumb sing. …

  • What a change from what Jerusalem had always experienced!  In their current day, they feared being blinded and maimed by enemy soldiers.  They feared (understandably so) the physical problems that came as a result of the constant attacks of the enemy.  And beyond the warring nations, there was just the normal physical issues that came with life.  Yet all of that would change in the Promised Kingdom!  In the day that they would “see the glory of the LORD” (vs. 2), these physical problems would be reversed.  This would be a Kingdom of health and healing.  This would be a Kingdom in which blindness, deafness, and every illness would be removed.
  • It’s no wonder that so much of this accompanied the Lord Jesus in His 1st coming.  These are the things that will characterize His glorious kingdom – it only makes sense that He would have given a preview of it to the Jews He taught.  After all, He was preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God (Mk 1:15) – everywhere Jesus went, He took the kingdom with Him, and people were healed accordingly.  Quite possibly, Jesus had this very verse in mind when He sent word to John the Baptist as John experienced doubts.  Luke 7:22–23, "(22) Jesus answered and said to them, “Go and tell John the things you have seen and heard: that the blind see, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, the poor have the gospel preached to them. (23) And blessed is he who is not offended because of Me.”" []  These things were the evidence of the coming of the kingdom of God – it was a foretaste of what awaited everyone in the Millennial Kingdom.  Only the King could bring these things, and that is exactly what He did.

…For waters shall burst forth in the wilderness, And streams in the desert. 7 The parched ground shall become a pool, And the thirsty land springs of water; In the habitation of jackals, where each lay, There shall be grass with reeds and rushes.

  • Not only will there be healing among the people, but there will be healing in the land itself.  What once was a desert would be a desert no longer.  Even today, the modern nation of Israel has issues with its water supply, and it’s easy to imagine what the problems would have been in antiquity, without modern irrigation techniques.  Yet in the Kingdom, water is no longer scarce.  Springs “burst forth in the wilderness, and streams in the desert.”  Jackals no longer have room to roam because their lands become filled with all sorts of grasses due to the water supply.  The physical land itself will be blessed in numerous ways!
  • Though this is a literal promise, there is certainly spiritual application here.  Jesus spoke of drinking the living water that He alone can give (Jn 4), and coming to Him in faith to receive rivers of living water that would flow (Jn 7).  The person who asks Jesus to be their King experiences an abundance of life through the filling of the Holy Spirit.
  • So far, the place described by Isaiah sounds marvelous!  How does one get there?  By a road, of course.  See vs. 8…
  • The road to Zion (vss. 8-10)

8 A highway shall be there, and a road, And it shall be called the Highway of Holiness. The unclean shall not pass over it, But it shall be for others. Whoever walks the road, although a fool, Shall not go astray.

  • What Isaiah refers to here is plainly the road leading into Zion during the years of this prophesied restoration of Israel (i.e. the Millennial Kingdom).  The idea here is that during the Kingdom, people will be going to Jerusalem to worship (just like they always had), and there is a glorious road that makes it possible.  It is a road of purity, upon which only the righteous of God are allowed to travel.  Those who are “unclean” will not be on it to worship God – they won’t be there at all!  But all those who DO go on it will be safe upon it.  Apparently, no one will even able to get lost on that highway – even the “fool shall not go astray.” 
  • Keep in mind how an ancient Jew would understand this.  A faithful Jew would travel to Jerusalem several times each year for the various feasts, and to offer sacrifices unto God in worship.  It would be a tough journey for them, over mountains and deserts.  It would be filled with hardships.  But not in the Kingdom!  In THAT time, there will be an easy road to travel into Jerusalem, and those who go to worship will be brought there by the grace of God.
  • Not only will it be easy; it will be safe.  See vs. 9…

9 No lion shall be there, Nor shall any ravenous beast go up on it; It shall not be found there. But the redeemed shall walk there, 10 And the ransomed of the LORD shall return, And come to Zion with singing, With everlasting joy on their heads. They shall obtain joy and gladness, And sorrow and sighing shall flee away.

  • Unlike the ancient days, in which travelers could be waylaid by wild animals or robbers, there will be no danger on the road to Jerusalem.  The road will have been made straight by the work of God as a blessing to His people.  All obstacles preventing His people from worshipping Him will be removed, and all those who love the Lord will be able to go easily.
  • Who is it that will go? “The redeemed…the ransomed of the LORD.”  This is Israel…this is ALL of the people of God!
  • How is it that we will go?  In joy & worship!  There will be no need for “sorrow,” for we will be in the presence of our glorious God!


God had incredible promises for Israel!  First, God called to the nations of the world.  His judgment was coming.  He had seen the evils done to Israel, and He would take action.  He would protect His people and bring vengeance.  

Secondly, God promised a kingdom.  A glorious kingdom…a kingdom like His people had never known before.  It would be previewed in Jesus’ 1st coming, and fulfilled in His 2nd.

That would be a promise worth waiting for!

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