What Do You Think About the Christ?

Posted: January 21, 2013 in Matthew

Matthew 22:41-46, “What Do You Think About the Christ?”

Who is Christ?  Who is Jesus?  This is the question that has been the salvation and stumbling block for millions of people through the centuries.  This is a question every single human being must encounter and answer.  For us, we look back through history and answer the question from the perspective of Jesus being the Christ.  For the ancient Jews, they were looking forward to the person who would come as Christ.  Remember the word “Christ” is not a proper name; it’s a title.  Christ = Messiah = “Anointed One.”  This was the reference to the Person that God would anoint as the ultimate King over all Israel and the fulfillment of all the promises of God for all the world.  Who is Christ?  From whence would He come?  Is He just a Man, or is He more than a Man?  This is at the heart of what Jesus was asking the Pharisees that day.  Of course Jesus wasn’t asking for information – He wanted them to think it through, and they were left reeling as a result.

You’ll notice that at the end of our text, the Pharisees were silenced.  Why is that?  They didn’t have an answer to Jesus – which gives us a good indication of the depth of theology that Jesus introduced so masterfully.  If the premier theologians in the nation of Judea could not answer Jesus, then we need to be prepared for some deep thoughts as well.  Be engaged today & turn on your minds!  In only a few sentences, Jesus teaches some incredible truths about Himself, and we don’t want to miss it.

Remember that Jesus had been sparring with the Pharisees & Sadducees.  After Jesus’ triumphal entrance into Jerusalem, and the praise and adoration of the people as the Messiah (the Son of David), the religious elite knew they had to discredit Jesus somehow before things got out of hand for them.  So they took turns trying to trap Jesus in His teaching.  First the Pharisees and Herodians brought a political dilemma trying to inflame nationalistic passions among the people, and failed…  Then the Sadducees brought a theological dilemma trying to ridicule the idea of eternal life and the resurrection, and they failed…  Then the Pharisees came again, putting forth a lawyer/scribe (who didn’t seem to be on quite the same page as the rest of them) and tested Jesus on the most important commandment in the Law.  And of course, Jesus passed the test with flying colors, likely stunning the Pharisees in the process.  To love God with everything we are and to love others with the love of God was the perfect summation of the law.  In one fell swoop, Jesus did away with legalistic interpretations of the law, with licentious disregard for the law, and also perfectly demonstrated man’s need for the grace of God in all of it.

With all of that in mind, the Pharisees (as well as the Sadducees and the Herodians) are all reeling from the answers Jesus gave, and now Jesus delivers the knock-out punch (so to speak).  Asking them a seemingly simple question about the Messiah, Jesus shows the Pharisees that their view of the Son of David is far too small.  The Messiah is no ordinary king of Israel; He is the King of kings – the Lord of David – the Lord of all.

Matthew 22:41–46
41 While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, 42 saying, “What do you think about the Christ? Whose Son is He?” They said to Him, “The Son of David.”

  • It’s a basic question, and the Pharisees gave the expected response.  There was no doubt the Christ (the Messiah) was to be the Son of David.  This was all through the OT Scriptures.  Of course the person of the Messiah had been hinted at from as far back as the Garden of Eden, through Abraham & the patriarchs, through Moses – for thousands of years prior to David.  But when God made His covenant with David, it became abundantly clear that David’s family is the one from which the Messiah would be born.  God told David specifically that He would grant David a son of which God Himself would be known as His Father (2 Sam 7:14).  Throughout the covenant, there is much that God promised that could be applied somewhat to Solomon & other sons of David, but it could only be truly fulfilled in the future Messiah.  Other prophets such as Isaiah wrote of the rod of the stem of Jesse (Isa 11:1) or a branch of righteousness given to David (Jer 23:5).  There was no doubt that the full Messianic expectations rested upon the family of David.  This was well-known among the Jews, and throughout Jesus’ ministry the people repeatedly recognized Him as the Son of David – even as recently as the triumphal entry into Jerusalem.  This was not a difficult question that Jesus asked, and He knew the answers the Pharisees would give.
  • The question may be basic, but it is important!  “What do you think about the Christ?”  Who is Jesus?  Jesus asked basically the same question of His disciples back in Matthew 16.  The people had been proposing all kinds of theories as to who Jesus was: perhaps John the Baptist, or Elijah, or Jeremiah, or some other prophet.  But Jesus wanted the disciples to think it through for themselves.  Who did THEY say Jesus was?  That’s when Peter famously spoke up (through the Spirit) and said, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.” (Matt 16:16)  This is a question we must all personally consider.  The Messiah is not someone who could be ignored.  For the Jews, they were obviously expecting the Messiah, and the question Jesus asks them is natural: where are you expecting the Messiah to come from – whose son will He be?  For us, the question is slightly different.  The Messiah HAS come, but do we see Him as He is?  How do we see Jesus?  There are people that see Jesus as a miracle worker or a teacher or a guru – but they miss out on the fullness of who Jesus truly is.  Jesus is the Christ – the anointed Messiah, provided by God to Israel and the world.  And this truth has certain ramifications we must deal with.

43 He said to them, “How then does David in the Spirit call Him ‘Lord,’ saying:

  • Before we get to Jesus’ question, there are few issues that Jesus raises right off the bat.  First, Jesus acknowledges that David wrote the psalm that He is about to quote. Nowhere in the text of the psalm does David name himself, but it is included in the superscription to the psalm.  These superscriptions or titles are sometimes debated as to their value or meaning, but there is no doubt that Jesus valued them.  Jesus does not even leave it open to question that David was the author of this particular psalm; He states it as fact.
  • Second, Jesus clues us in on the inspiration of Scripture.  These weren’t merely David’s words; these were words that God the Holy Spirit inspired David to write.  David surely wrote many things, any of which would have immense historical value if we found an original manuscript today.  Yet what he wrote “in the Spirit” has infinite eternal value because it is the inspired word of God.  God the Spirit moved upon David in such a way that he penned these words, and God preserved them through history in order that His people would be built up and edified by the Scripture.  “Inspiration” is such a great word to describe the process because it speaks of breathing.  God did not physically pick up David’s hand & move him like a puppet to write the psalm – instead, God breathed out this word into David (as if David’s lungs were filled with the Spirit of God), and these words were the result.  They were fully intended by God, as perfectly written as if God Himself picked up the pen, but they were moved through David in perfect harmony.  This is why the books of John read differently than Luke (and Paul is different from everyone!), but yet it is all still the actual words of God.  That David wrote the word is no less value than if Jesus spoke the word (and was later recorded in English translations in red letters); it’s ALL the word of God, breathed out by Him & given to us.

44 ‘The LORD said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand, Till I make Your enemies Your footstool” ’?

  • Quoting Ps 110 – it’s worth looking at as a whole. [BIBLE: Psalm 110]  Overall, the psalm speaks of the Messiah’s victory (vss. 1-2) – the Messiah’s priesthood (vss. 3-4) – the Messiah’s judgment (vss. 5-7).  There’s absolutely no doubt that the prophetic reference here is to the promised Messiah – the One anointed by God to perfectly fulfill the covenant promises to Abraham, Moses, and David.  Jesus noted that David wrote the psalm, and (contrary to the opinions of some) there’s no way the text itself could refer to David in the 3rd person.  Even if David was to receive a vision of military victory and the prosperity of Israel, there is no way he could serve as a priest.  The priests of the day were of the tribe of Levi, and there was a definite distinction between the roles of the king & priests.  And of course, although David was a mighty warrior, he never in any fashion judged over the various nations of the world.  No, the “Lord” referred to by David as “my Lord” HAD to be Someone other than him, and the Pharisees would have readily agreed that this Person was none other than the Messiah – David’s promised Son.
  • The various titles might seem confusing in English, considering that “Lord” is used twice.  Likewise in the Greek (ὁ κύριος τῷ κυρίῳ μου).  Though the same word is used, there’s no doubt that the two titles are referring to two distinct people.  The original Hebrew makes it clear that the first “LORD” = Yahweh, and the second “Lord” = Adonai (a title of respect for one in authority).  IOW, it’s basically saying “Yahweh God said to my Master…”  The issue (which Jesus mentioned in vs. 43 & gets to in vs. 45) is how King David could have another King.  How is it that anyone who comes from David’s loins would be considered so much greater than David that King David himself would bow in allegiance?  What we learn about the Messiah (the Christ) from this passage gives us several clues.
  • The Christ has a relationship with God the Father.  This gives us a bit of insight into what is a grand mystery of the nature of God.  As will be made abundantly clear, the Christ is none other than the Son of God, God Himself.  Jesus is not less than God the Father, but He is NOT God the Father.  God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit make up the ONE God of the Universe.  This mystery is what theologians describe as “Trinity.”  No doubt, this can be very tough to comprehend – and in fact, there is probably no way that any human mind (which has finite limits) can ever fully understand all of the intricacies of the Triune God (who is infinite).  At the same time, the idea of the Trinity is absolutely foundational to Christianity and one of the ways that Biblical Christianity is set apart from every other religion on the planet.  Typically, when it comes to man’s conceptions of God, there are several schools of thought.  (1) God is an impersonal force that is everywhere.  This is pantheism, where every object in the universe is connected through divine spirituality.  (New age – the “force” – the “secret,” etc.)  (2) God is personal, but totally disconnected from the known universe.  This is deism, where God is thought of as a divine watch-maker who wound up the watch & just let it go.  (3) God is personal, but there are many gods/goddesses that have existed throughout time.  This is polytheism, seen often in historical cultures such as the ancient Egyptians & Romans, but also in Hinduism, animism, and even some pseudo-christian cults today. (4) God is personal, and there is only one God.  This is monotheism, and this is the category of Judaism, Islam, and Christianity.  That all three religions believe is one God does not mean that they all worship the same God – simply that they each believe only one God exists.  Yet even within monotheism, Christianity is set apart by another category. (5) Trinity.  There is One God, eternally revealed in three Persons.  Each Person within the Trinity is fully God & not anything less than fully God, but there is still only One God.  This might sound contradictory (and both Judaism and Islam would claim that Christians are polytheists due to the apparent contradiction), but it is not.  This is simply how the Bible describes God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit.  We cannot describe God for less than who He is, or other than who He is.  The Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are simply the One God of the Universe.  It’s not that each is 1/3, altogether adding up to 1 as a whole; God is one God…period.
    • That is a lot for anyone to digest, to be sure.  When discussing the nature of the Triune God, we need to expect to be in some deep waters – after all, we’re trying to gaze upon the Almighty Infinite God.  The One who created us ought to be a bit difficult to comprehend.  If He wasn’t, how would we know that we’re looking at anyone different than ourselves – or something that wasn’t made up in the imaginations of men?  The true God is beyond our imagination because He is wholly beyond us – wholly apart from us.
    • And yet this is the incredible thing about the gospel!  THIS God – this amazing, infinite, mind-blowing God – this holy, righteous, awe-inspiring God – this God loves us & desires for us to know Him.  So He graciously revealed Himself to us through Jesus, and removed the obstacle of our sin that would keep us from knowing Him.  Through Jesus, now WE (simple human beings – just another one of thousands of carbon-based life forms that God created) can truly know our Creator in intimate relationship for all time.  That’s what Jesus does for us.
  • So what does this text teach about this relationship of the Trinity?  Fundamentally, it shows that there IS a relationship.  For God the Father to make promises to God the Son shows communication – a true interaction between the different Persons of the Trinity.  When God the Father speaks to Jesus, it’s not that God is talking to Himself in the same way that we might talk to ourselves (in working through problems, etc.) – He is truly talking to Someone.  The Father can speak to the Son, and the Son can send the Spirit because they are truly unique in their Persons.  There is a relationship there.  Jesus tells us that “the Father loves the Son,” (Jn 3:35, 5:20), which can only take place if there is true relationship between two Persons.  This tells us something pretty important: there has never been a time when God was lonely.  There has never been anything of which God lacked, including interpersonal relationships.  God has perfect fellowship and love within Himself, between Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.  Sometimes we can get such a human-centered view of our faith.  We think that the reason God created men & women was because God was lonely, and since He’d pine away for us in our absence because we had condemned ourselves to Hell, that’s the only reason He sent Jesus to die for us.  Perish the thought!  What a terrible view of God – and it’s certainly not the picture the Bible paints of God.  God’s compassion towards us as condemned humans has nothing to do with something that God might lack that only saved humans can provide; it simply has to do with God’s own righteousness and holiness.  We are offered salvation because of the goodness of God; not because of the goodness of man.
  • The Christ is enthroned next to God the Father.  In the psalm, God tells the Messiah, “Sit at My right hand.”  This is the position of honor & authority.  For Someone to sit side-by-side with God the Father is for that Person to share in the glory and honor of God the Father.  Take a moment to consider what this is saying.  This is the promised Son of David, so we’re talking about a human.  Yet this human will be raised up to the point of sharing the very glory of Almighty God.  The Son of David won’t merely be in the throne room with God (along with myriads of angels and other incredible glorious beings – cherubim, seraphim, etc.), but He will be elevated even above those creatures to be given the highest of all places: the right hand of God.  This certainly cannot be any ordinary human – this cannot be just another one of the many sons of David.  Surely Solomon and Hezekiah and Josiah were all beloved by God as kings in the line of David, but this cannot be speaking of them.  This is something that is truly unique – something that could not be given to anyone who could not equally share in the power and glory of the Creator God.
    • Of course, this is exactly what is in view of Paul when he is writing to the Philippians of the glory of Jesus.  Jesus shared eternal glory with the Father, God of true God, and yet He infinitely humbled Himself to come as a human, die the death of an accursed criminal, and then be raised up again – highly exalted by God and given the name above every name (Phil 2:5-11).  Jesus is highly exalted because He is above every man & woman – above every king – above any angel – above any created thing – exalted with the very glory of God, showing from whence He came and what He had been given again.
    • This is where Jesus is today.  At this very moment, Jesus sits enthroned at the right hand of God.  The early church martyr Stephen received a vision of this moments before his death.  Acts 7:55–56, "(55) But he, being full of the Holy Spirit, gazed into heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of God, (56) and said, “Look! I see the heavens opened and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God!”" []  Of course at that moment, Jesus was not sitting, but standing…an amazing acknowledgement by the King of kings of all Stephen was enduring in his steadfast witness!  Theologically, this is important for us to know in that Jesus is still God incarnate.  Jesus did not give up human flesh and bone when He ascended to heaven; He merely changed locations in His resurrected body.  Jesus is bodily in heaven, as we will one day be bodily in heaven.  God has a plan for our redeemed physical bodies, and we will know more of that when we see Jesus face-to-face.
      • Heaven is not comprised of people joining a “universal consciousness.”  It’s not a grand-nothing.  It’s not a bunch of ghosts and spirit beings floating around eternity.  When the dead in Christ are raised in resurrection (and those who are in Christ are raised in rapture), we will have physical bodies that will be used by God for His glory.  All of this flesh that causes us so much trouble here will be fundamentally transformed & be used in the way that God intended during the days of Creation.
    • There’s something else that is implied here, though somewhat indirectly.  If the Messiah is to be seated next to God the Father physically, how exactly would this take place?  How could a Man be next to God in Heaven?  There must be an ascension.  Like Elijah who was taken to heaven in chariot of fire, the Messiah would have to be physically brought to heaven in order for Him to enjoy this.  Certainly that wasn’t true of David or any of the other kings in the past – they were all dead and buried.  This HAD to have been speaking of Someone else.  Of course this is exactly what took place 40 days after Jesus was risen from the dead. (Acts 1:3)
  • The Christ is promised victory by God the Father.  Notice how long the Father tells the Messiah how long He will sit at God’s right hand: “Till I make Your enemies Your footstool.”  This is a statement of overwhelming victory – total military triumph.  We might lose the impact of this, thinking of the footstool as little more than a modified ottoman for a very tall chair (such as a throne).  Culturally for the people of the ancient Middle East, this was a practice that signified total humiliation of one’s enemies, showing them completely cowed in submission to the one who conquered them.  There is a picture of this during the conquest of the Promised Land when Joshua fights a battle against five Amorite kings allied together.  The Lord Himself joined the battle as massive hailstones fell against the Amorites (killing more people than Israel’s soldiers), and God even caused the sun & moon to stand still in the sky until the battle was completed.  (Joshua 10)  Afterwards, the Amorite kings had fled & trapped themselves in a cave.  Joshua had the people pull them out, and prior to their execution, he told them to put their feet on the necks of the kings (Josh 10:24).  That was total victory – the former Amorite kings had all their power and authority stripped away, and they were totally in the hands of those who were bringing them judgment.  That’s the idea of using enemies as a footstool, and that’s what God the Father promises the Christ. 
    • Jesus is promised total victory.  In a world in which Christianity comes under so much attack and the people of God around the world are so heavily persecuted, it can be easy to lose sight of this fact.  Christians are made to suffer and die every day at the hands of others, and we might wonder where the victory is.  The victory is coming!  All of the enemies of God will be made to answer for their crimes against Him & His people, whether against the covenant nation of Israel or the new covenant people of the Church.  And it’s not just them – Satan and his demonic forces will be shown to be completely defeated by God!  There will come a moment in time during which the Devil will be personally thrown into the lake of fire for all eternity.  That’s not a temporary holding place for him – that’s not a place in which he is given authority to rule and power over others – that will be a place of everlasting torment for him…ultimate defeat.
    • There is no enemy that is not defeated in Christ!  Whether it is the Devil, nations, people, or sin and death itself – all are completely defeated by God, and it will be readily clear to all when Jesus is shown in all of His glory to the world.
    • Doesn’t this fill you hope & joy?  For the Christian, knowing that we have been given life and relationship by Jesus, we can look forward to these promised victories with such anticipation & joy!  Again, we live in a hard world today, filled with persecution & temptation & suffering & death – but the victory over these things has been assured.  It was prophesied by God the Father to God the Son, and it was delivered through the cross, resurrection, and ascension.  Now all we await is the fulfillment of these things.  Praise God for the victory of Christ!
  • All of that is a taste of what is seen in these few lines of prophecy from David’s psalm.  This is Someone pretty important that David is writing about.  That brings us back to Jesus’ question to the Pharisees.  See vs. 45…

45 If David then calls Him ‘Lord,’ how is He his Son?”

  • Here is the issue.  A father (grandfather, great-grandfather, etc.,) always is honored by those who come after him.  Children honor the elders; not the other way around.  Without denying at all that the Messiah was to physically be born of the line of David, Jesus shows there is something incredibly unique that happens here.  The elder David ends up honoring the child from his loins.  David calls this descendant of his “my Lord.”  David would have never addressed any of his grandchildren, great-grandchilren, etc., in this fashion.  Yet here, he plainly shows allegiance to this Child of his, who was plainly exalted far higher than David had ever been.  David was the best of all the kings of Israel, yet the glories written about here are far more than David could have perhaps even dreamt for himself. How can this be?
  • The Child has to be somehow greater than David.  The Child (by virtue of the promises of Scripture) must be a son of David, but He must necessarily be MORE than just a son of David.  Who alone would be considered greater than God’s anointed king of Israel?  Especially as a Descendant of the king?  He couldn’t be just another man.  No ordinary human has ever been exalted to God’s right hand, and been promised total victory over every enemy of Israel & Creation.  Certainly David never paid homage to any ordinary man after he became king.  The one Being David ever worshipped was God.  Yahweh alone was his Lord.  Thus who could this Child be?  There is only one possible answer: the Messiah (Christ) must be God.
  • Jesus is God.  Earlier, Jesus had asked whose Son the Christ would be.  He is indeed a Son: He is the Son of David, and He is also the Son of God.  Jesus’ physical birth is celebrated at Christmastime, but there has never been a time that Jesus did not exist.  God the Son has existed from eternity past, begotten of the Father, but never created.  Jesus was not made like anything else was made, because Jesus was never made; He is the Maker.  Cults intentionally try to erase this idea or confuse the issue.  To them, Jesus must be somehow less than fully God in order for Jesus to be the Son of God – and admittedly, this is a tough idea for our minds to wrap around.  After all, when we think of fathers & sons, there are many decades that separate their birth – one necessarily comes into existence before the other.  Yet that is not the case with God.  God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit has always existed; there has never been a time when a Person within the Godhead did not exist.  Jesus is begotten of the Father, but there is nothing in the Bible that shows that the Father existed apart from the Son.  This is a mystery to be sure, but it is a glorious mystery!  That Yahweh is Father and Jesus is Son speaks not of chronological order, but of relationship.  There is Father & Son love – there is blessing – there is inheritance – there is unity of mind and purpose.  There is order in the relationship between Father & Son (the headship of Christ is God, 1 Cor 11:3), and within all of that there is still no doubt that Jesus is indeed fully God.  It was not robbery for Jesus to be equal with God (Phil 2:6), and Jesus is the very image of the invisible God (Col 1:15).  This is the Messiah – and the Messiah must be God.
  • At the same time, Jesus is Man.  Jesus was physically born of the line of David, and He lived as a true human among us.  He was not a spirit being, nor a demigod, nor anything else that looked human but wasn’t quite truly human.  Jesus IS human – it’s just that being human is not ALL that He is.  Jesus has the nature of God, and the nature of man because that is what He is: the God-Man.  This is what took place at His incarnation (His birth).  God the Son eternally existed, but the moment Mary became pregnant by the Holy Spirit, Jesus became a human, having two natures.  There is no lack between the two natures – there is no “lessening” of one in order to balance out the other.  By necessity, Jesus must be both 100% God and 100% Man.  How so?  Jesus had to be 100% Man in order to serve as an acceptable substitute for our sins.  One of the reasons that the blood of sacrificial bulls and goats could never truly do away with the sin of the people is because they weren’t completely substitutes.  They were only approximations of substitutes that had to be given over & over again.  For the sin of a man to be answered for, the blood of a man needs to be shed.  Thus Jesus came as a true Man, an acceptable substitute.  As a Man, He could be (and was) tempted in every single way as we are, but without being sinfully corrupt, Jesus endured the temptations perfectly never sinning.  He shows Himself to be the perfect substitute.  That said, how could the blood of one Man atone for all the sin of all the world?  He must be God.  Only the blood of the Son of God is of infinite worth to be sufficient as an available substitute for every single man, woman, and child throughout history.
  • All in all, Jesus is perfect!  He is the perfect solution offered in the perfect way.  If Jesus were anything less than what He is, we could not be saved.  We would be eternally lost – doomed to face the consequences of our sin and rebellion against God.  But because Jesus is who He is (and what the OT prophecies always said He would be, though mysterious to the people reading it at the time), Jesus is the perfect sacrifice and perfect Savior for all the world.

46 And no one was able to answer Him a word, nor from that day on did anyone dare question Him anymore.

  • Can you imagine being there that day?  The Pharisees, Sadducees, Herodians, and scribes had come out to test Jesus in an attempt to stump and discredit this Man that the people were acknowledging as the Messiah.  After answering all of their tests perfectly in the wisdom of God, Jesus turns the tables on them and shuts their mouths.  It’s no wonder the Pharisees had no answer for Jesus.  Looking back from the full revelation of the canon of Scripture (OT & NT), we as born-again Christians still have our minds reeling by the truths of these things concerning the Christ.  We can only wonder what was going through the minds of the Pharisees at the time!
  • What we do know is that they did not dare intellectually challenge Jesus again.  They would not be able to trap Jesus in His words, nor would they be able to outsmart Him in theology.  Instead, they changed tactics.  Remember that this is the week that Jesus would be sent to the cross – so although the Pharisees may have been cowed by Jesus on that day, it didn’t stop their scheming.  In fact, between this humiliation and the scathing rebuke Jesus gives to them in Ch 23, they redoubled their efforts to kill Jesus.  Instead of trying to embarrass Jesus in the eyes of the people, they would just take Him by force & let mob mentality run its course.  (Of course, this was the plan of God.  No one could take Jesus unless Jesus allowed them to take Him, which is exactly what happened.) 
  • Sadly, it did not humble them into submission.  If they had but stopped to consider what Jesus was saying, they would have realized that at that very moment they were speaking to GOD.  After all, if Jesus truly was the Messiah just as He had proven in abundance through His signs, wonders, teaching, and fulfillment of prophecy – and if the Messiah was more than another king in the line of David, but truly the Son of God in the flesh promised glory and victory by God the Father – then 2+2 should have been put together and the Pharisees recognize that they were speaking to God Himself.  If Jesus is the Christ, then Jesus is God – and that fact should have sent them to their knees in humble repentance and faith.  They would have recognized the one thing they should have done in response, and that was to worship their God & King.
    • What the Pharisees missed out on is something that we can take up…

The Pharisees are silenced, if not subdued – but they could not answer Jesus here.  What Jesus tells them is so remarkable that it ought to have been life-changing for them.  Who is the Christ?  Yes, He’s the Son of David – there is no doubt of that.  This is plain throughout the OT prophecy, and God is true to His word in making the Messiah come from the line of David.  Yet the answer is not so simple.  The Messiah is indeed the Son of David, but He is also the Son of God.  The Christ is God Himself.

  • The Christ has an eternal relationship with God the Father
  • The Christ sits enthroned in glory with God the Father
  • The Christ is given total victory by God the Father
  • The Christ is honored by all men – including David, who worships Him as Lord.

The Christ is none other than God the Son.  This is not merely a man; He is the God-Man.  Jesus comes as the perfect sacrificial substitute for all mankind, but also in the perfect power and sufficiency as God.  This is the grand expectation of all of the OT Scriptures, and this is what is incredibly revealed to us in Jesus.  David’s Lord has come.  The One he looked forward to in hope is the One we look presently upon in our salvation.  David’s Lord is our Lord: the Lord Jesus Christ.

As Christians, this gives us confidence and hope.  We are reminded of the infinite immensity of God, and amazed at the love that He has for us in that He would reach out to us in His grace.  We remember that the struggles we face now have already had an answer provided, and we await the day in which we will see with our own eyes the total victory of Christ.  For now, we look forward to that day in faith, and we can rejoice in the glory of Jesus that has already been revealed to us.

For those who are not yet Christians, this should give you pause.  Like the Pharisees, you should be coming to the realization that if indeed all this about the Messiah is true, then with all the ample evidence that Jesus IS the Messiah, this means that Jesus is God.  That’s a fact that you absolutely must deal with.  That is not something that can be ignored, or passed off on to “religious” people.  That is something that every single human being must address.  If Jesus is indeed God, then that means you will one day see this same Jesus face-to-face for judgment.  Will you be ready? 


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