Jesus is the King

Posted: May 24, 2012 in Psalms

Psalms 108-110, “Jesus is the King”

Sometimes we need to remember there’s someone in charge.  Kids run across this all the time as they deal with one another in school, sometimes tattling on each other, sometimes with legitimate problems.  They go to the teacher because the teacher is the one in charge & will declare the final decision.  (They do it with parents too, and when they don’t get the decision they want from one parent, they go to the other!)  Sometimes adults need the same thing – this is the very reason we have a court system.

What we find in Psalms 108-110 are appeals to authority.  All three are psalms of David, and though David is obviously in vastly different circumstances in the writing of each of these psalms, they all appeal to God as the ultimate King.  Whether David is looking unto God to help in times of battle, or to mete out justice against his enemies, or simply praising God for the future reign of the coming Messiah, David understands that though he in indeed the earthly king over Israel, God is the ultimate King.  David knows that one day he will bow to his own descendant, the Lord Jesus – and because Jesus is the King, He is not only worthy of our praise, but He’s the One to whom we can turn as the Final Authority.

Psalm 108 (NKJV) – God is the Victor
A Song. A Psalm of David.

  • This psalm seems to be a compilation of psalms 57 & 60…which are quoted virtually verbatim.  Yet it fits together seamlessly as a new song of praise unto the Lord.
  • Praising God above all (vss. 1-6)

1 O God, my heart is steadfast; I will sing and give praise, even with my glory.

  • David is fully prepared to give praise – his heart was “steadfast.”  It’s not that David was going through life, and just happened to give God praise eventually as the mood hit him.  David was purposeful with his praise…committed to praise God.
  • Notice with what David will praise God: all of the glory that he has.  Perhaps this is the glory that has been entrusted to his care in the form of the ark & the tabernacle.  Perhaps this is the glory that he had been promised by God in the covenant promises.  Whatever glory David has received as being king, he’s prepared to give all of that over to God.  Everything that David had was due to the grace and gift of God, and David praised God because of it.

2 Awake, lute and harp! I will awaken the dawn. 3 I will praise You, O LORD, among the peoples, And I will sing praises to You among the nations.

  • Praises God as a priority – it’s the first thing he does in the morning.  He’d even beat the sunrise up in order to praise God, waking up his musical instruments along the way.  To be sure, not everyone is a “morning person,” but everyone can make it a priority to greet the Lord in the morning.  Just as you’d greet your family when you wake up, greet the Lord.  Make it a priority to say “Good morning” to the God who saved you by His grace.
  • Praises God publicly.  There’s not a people group with which David won’t praise the Lord.  Be it the congregation of Israel, or the surrounding Gentile nations.
    • Do we pick & choose?  Perhaps we’re free with our praise of God while we’re around other believers, but when we get around unsaved friends & family, we’re a bit more careful with our words.  To be sure, we don’t want to put on a “show” and use trite Christian catch-phrases that don’t mean anything to non-believers, but we can still give God praise even when we’re among people who haven’t a clue who God is.

4 For Your mercy is great above the heavens, And Your truth reaches to the clouds.

  • Why does David praise God? (1)  Because of His great mercy…the “chesed” of God.  His loyal covenantal love & kindness.  (2) Because of His everlasting truth…the certain faithfulness of God.  He is unshakably true – His character is incredibly great.  God is perfect in every way & the creation only begins to illustrate the glorious character of God.
    • The next time you go out & stare at the evening sky, looking at the stars billions of light years away – think about vs. 4: God’s lovingkindness is bigger than that.  We tell our kids, “I love you thiiiis much,” stretching out our arms.  God’s love is bigger than our wildest imaginations!
  • God’s character is bigger than the nations, so God is worthy to be praised above the nations of the earth.  See vs. 5…

5 Be exalted, O God, above the heavens, And Your glory above all the earth; 6 That Your beloved may be delivered, Save with Your right hand, and hear me.

  • May the praise of God be as extensive as the glory of God!  There’s no end to the extent of which we can give Him praise.  We have an eternity in which just to get started…
  • In response to the exaltation of God, David appeals for salvation.  God’s mercy reaches above the heavens, and David asks for some of that mercy to extend to him (as the “beloved” of God).  Basically saying, “You love me – I know You do!  So, save me by a show of Your unlimited power.”
    • That’s exactly what God did when Jesus died on the cross for us and rose from the grave.  In the great love of God, the unlimited power of God was on display when the Son of God died for mankind.  As a result, our salvation exalts God…it’s a testimony to His power & His person.  His merciful act of deliverance in our lives serves to give Him glory.
  • God of the nations (vss. 7-9)

7 God has spoken in His holiness: “I will rejoice; I will divide Shechem And measure out the Valley of Succoth. 8 Gilead is Mine; Manasseh is Mine; Ephraim also is the helmet for My head; Judah is My lawgiver.

  • God does indeed reign over all the earth – starting with Israel.  God has the right to reign over His people, which is demonstrated in God dividing the land according to His wishes & claiming the tribes of Israel as His own.
  • Although David wrote this prior to the division of the kingdoms (it didn’t divide until the reign of his grandson, Rehoboam), David already recognizes the two general divisions of the nation: Ephraim (north), and Judah (the south).  “Helmet” seems to be a reference to the location & military strength; “lawgiver” is a reference to the seat of power.

9 Moab is My washpot; Over Edom I will cast My shoe; Over Philistia I will triumph.”

  • Not only does God reign over Israel, He ultimately reigns over all the nations.  Even the enemies of Israel pose no threat to Almighty God.  The enemies of God’s people would be disgraced as God triumphs over them all.  “Washpot” is a reference to a basin in which feet were cleansed – the disgraceful place where all the dirt would go.
  • Never forget that God rules over the nations!  Never forget that ultimately God will show Himself victorious!  It’s so easy for us to forget this sometimes.  Enemies will rise up against us – or we’ll see the work of Satan in our culture – and as we look at the struggle, we might sometimes wonder which side is going to win.  In the end, the winner will always be God!  There are times in which it may seem like the enemy has a temporary victory, but “temporary” is the key word.  There is none more powerful than our God, and one day all will see how He reigns over the entire universe.
  • God is our help (vss. 10-13)

10 Who will bring me into the strong city? Who will lead me to Edom? 11 Is it not You, O God, who cast us off? And You, O God, who did not go out with our armies?

  • Apparently there was a time in which David experienced military defeat against some of these enemies that he just mentioned as being the washpot of God.  Originally with Psalm 60 (from which this is quoted), we’re told the context: “When He Fought Against Mesopotamia and Syria of Zobah, and Joab Returned and Killed Twelve Thousand Edomites in the Valley of Salt,” yet we don’t know that this is exactly the same situation at this time.  Whatever the context was that David was experiencing, these words fit the situation perfectly.
  • Notice David is appealing to God, despite this past defeat.  God may have allowed David to be defeated, but that does not mean that God’s covenant with David was removed.  He continued to trust the Lord.
  • There’s a flip-side to the trust of God: who else is there to trust?  Who else could David trust to grant him military victory?  There was no one but God.
    • The disciples of Jesus understood a similar concept when Jesus gave some really tough teaching.  To whom else could they turn?  Only Jesus had the words of eternal life. (Jn 6:68)
    • There may be some things that God allows us to endure, that we wish we would never have to endure.  There may be some tough defeats, or times of discipline.  Don’t give up on God!  Whom else is there to turn?

12 Give us help from trouble, For the help of man is useless. 13 Through God we will do valiantly, For it is He who shall tread down our enemies.

  • Asks directly for help from God.  Why?  Because “the help of man is useless.”  What could man do?  Man might be able to manipulate situations, but the work of man cannot compete against the will of God.  If God helped them, they would surely be helped.
    • As true as this was for David in his physical situation, how much more true is it for us from a spiritual perspective?  We have true trouble: outside of Christ, we are completely lost in our sin.  We’re overrun by our enemies of death and the devil, and we’ve got no hope.  The help of man is useless here.  Philosophy and psychology doesn’t help.  Man-made religions don’t help.  Self-esteem surely doesn’t defeat our enemies.  We cannot save ourselves; we need to be saved.  We need the help of God – which He graciously provides through the work of Jesus Christ.
  • Not only does David ask God for help, he trusts that God WILL help.  He has complete faith that God will give him the deliverance that is needed.  Before it ever takes place, David knows that God WILL “tread down” the enemies.
    • Likewise for us.  Death no longer has a sting.  The Devil can roar, but he cannot claim us.  Jesus treads down our enemies, and though we yet have battles to face, our God has the ultimate victory & we can praise Him now for what we will yet see in the future.


Psalm 109 (NKJV) – Go Get ‘Em, God!
To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David.

  • Whenever a psalm is dedicated to the Chief Musician, it’s an indication that this psalm was particularly supposed to be used in worship.  What makes this so interesting is that this is an “imprecatory” psalm – a psalm asking for God to bring judgment crashing down on someone.  We might think of that in a lot of different terms, but “worship” typically isn’t one of them.  Yet as much as we praise God for His love, grace, and deliverance, we can also praise God that He is the Just Judge over all the earth.  There is no sin that goes unanswered in eternity.  Either the sin is answered in the blood of Jesus at the cross, or it is answered in the everlasting judgment of God in hell.  The God we serve is righteous and just, and that is just as much a reason to praise Him as is His love & grace.
  • The war of words (vss. 1-5)

1 Do not keep silent, O God of my praise! 2 For the mouth of the wicked and the mouth of the deceitful Have opened against me; They have spoken against me with a lying tongue.

  • Appeal for God as the judge not to be quiet.  David had not been silent in his praise of God, nor had the wicked been silent in their lies about David.  Now David asks God to open His mouth and proclaim His righteous judgment.

3 They have also surrounded me with words of hatred, And fought against me without a cause.

  • What was the exact situation David faced?  We don’t know – but it was a war of words.  David had many people who deceived him, and the false words of treachery always seemed to hurt him worse than the military battles of the surrounding nations.
  • Words can hurt…no doubt about it.  If you’ve hurt by words, that doesn’t make you weak, it makes you human.  Yet we can wallow in that hurt, or we can do like David & take them to our God.

4 In return for my love they are my accusers, But I give myself to prayer. 5 Thus they have rewarded me evil for good, And hatred for my love.

  • David had been kind, but in the end he had been betrayed.  Again, we don’t know the exact case – David had been betrayed many times: by Saul, by Doeg the Edomite, by his own son Absalom…and the list could go on.  David was generally free with his love, but it wasn’t always returned to him in kind.
  • What David experienced, Jesus experienced to a far greater extent regarding the treachery of Judas.  Jesus truly gave His love to Judas, just as much as He gave it to any of His disciples.  Judas didn’t lack a single thing that Peter, James, John, Thomas, or any of the others did.  He saw the same miracles, heard the same words of life, experienced the same love…yet he betrayed the Lord Jesus & rewarded evil for good.
    • BTW – ultimately, all of us have betrayed God.  Prior to putting our faith in Christ, we acted in hateful ways towards the God who created us and gave us life.  We rewarded God evil for the vast amounts of good He showed us.  We were absolutely deserving of judgment, yet God withheld it in His grace!
  • Imprecatory prayer (vss. 6-20)

6 Set a wicked man over him, And let an accuser stand at his right hand. 7 When he is judged, let him be found guilty, And let his prayer become sin.

  • In this particular prayer, David asks for a wicked man to rule over the wicked.  Why?  Because David doesn’t want a good man showing mercy to the wicked.  He’d rather the wicked be set over him, so that the possibility of mercy does not exist.  He actually asks for an “accuser” to impugn him…possibly even referring to Satan himself.  David wants this guy to receive the worst of the worse, and be totally cut off from God.
  • When David prays for judgment, he doesn’t hold back.  What is going to seem exceedingly cruel to us are the honest prayers of a man who has been greatly hurt.  It’s not exactly a model for us on which to base our own prayer life – but it is certainly an example of honesty.  Too many Christians are afraid to be honest in their prayers.  They think that unless their prayers “sound” holy, that God won’t really hear them…  We need to remember that God is omnipotent.  He knows the prayers we utter in our lips, and what’s really in our hearts motivating those prayers.  It’s not as if we can hide our hurt feelings and hatred away from God.  Far better to be honest with the Lord, than to try to put on “church face” and try to make-believe that God won’t know the difference.

8 Let his days be few, And let another take his office.

  • IOW, “God, kill him quickly so someone else can take his place.”  Whatever the betrayal was, it must have been truly terrible and heart-wrenching for David.  Of course, we need to remember that as much as David was reacting as a normal person, he also had a role to fill as the king of Israel, entrusted with carrying out the righteous judgments of God.  When someone sinned the way they did against David, then the law of Moses called for the punishment of death.  King David had both personal and legal reasons to appeal to God for capital punishment.
  • Interestingly enough, this verse was used by the early apostles in reference to Judas. (Acts 1:20)  There was an office of apostleship that Judas had previously filled, and his betrayal of the Lord & his suicide had indeed made his days few & his office vacant.  Thus Peter called for the church to seek the Lord for a replacement apostle. (12 was a necessary number – in light of the 12 tribes of Israel.)
    • Even this harsh imprecatory prayer was used by God in His grace to provide for His Church.  Amazing!  J

9 Let his children be fatherless, And his wife a widow. 10 Let his children continually be vagabonds, and beg; Let them seek their bread also from their desolate places. 11 Let the creditor seize all that he has, And let strangers plunder his labor. 12 Let there be none to extend mercy to him, Nor let there be any to favor his fatherless children.

  • Prays for complete desolation of the wicked.  This is total punishment, not only of the man, but of all his children.  Anyone who is associated with this man’s sin was to cut off from mercy & the kindness of God.
  • OK – we’ve got to ask the question: where is the grace?!  This kind of sheer anger and hatred is not exactly indicative of the love of Christ that we’re supposed to have for even our enemies.  Keep in mind this is a prayer of David; not a NT model of prayer for the Church today.  We ARE supposed to love our enemies, turning the other cheek, and pray for those who persecute us.  Our greatest desire for our enemies ought to be their repentance and reconciliation with God through Jesus Christ, just like we experienced.  When Jesus hung from the cross & prayed, “Father forgive them, for they don’t know what they’re doing,” THAT’s our model as believers in Christ.
  • That said, does that mean that this particular prayer of David is no good?  No.  This is not a prayer for our enemies today, but we need to remember that there must come a day for God’s ultimate judgment to be done.  If God is truly a perfectly good & righteous God, then eventually justice must be accomplished in all circumstances.  This is not a prayer for our enemies today; this is a prayer that looks forward to the Day of Judgment.

13 Let his posterity be cut off, And in the generation following let their name be blotted out. 14 Let the iniquity of his fathers be remembered before the LORD, And let not the sin of his mother be blotted out.

  • David prays that the sin never be forgotten, and that the consequences of this judgment endure forever.
  • There is indeed eternal punishment for those who remain in their wickedness and sin.  Hell is a place where the worm never dies and the fire is never quenched.  The very things that David prays here for the wicked is what will happen to those who remain outside the forgiveness of Christ Jesus.

15 Let them be continually before the LORD, That He may cut off the memory of them from the earth; 16 Because he did not remember to show mercy, But persecuted the poor and needy man, That he might even slay the broken in heart.

  • The only crime David seemed to list earlier was betrayal, but here we learn there is more that this wicked person did.  He was pitiless & he persecuted the innocent.
  • With this in mind, this prayer may have a literal fulfillment, not in the enemy that David faced, but in the enemy against the people of God during the days of the Great Tribulation.  The person known as the Antichrist will greatly persecute the people of God, withholding mercy from them & torturing them in horrendous ways.  With that possibility, the punishment David prays starts to seem awfully appropriate.

17 As he loved cursing, so let it come to him; As he did not delight in blessing, so let it be far from him. 18 As he clothed himself with cursing as with his garment, So let it enter his body like water, And like oil into his bones. 19 Let it be to him like the garment which covers him, And for a belt with which he girds himself continually.

  • In addition to his other crimes, this person continually cursed those who needed help.  In other words, he acted with cruelty to those who were in need of kindness.  He did not bless them in any way, but instead “clothed himself with cursing”…finding every way possible to make those around him miserable.
  • David’s basically praying that the wicked person would experience what he did to others.  That he would be clothed with his punishment in such a way that he would be unable to escape it.

20 Let this be the LORD’s reward to my accusers, And to those who speak evil against my person.

  • Apparently there was more than one person David had in mind.  He prayed this for ALL of his enemies.
  • Appeal for help (vss. 21-29)

21 But You, O GOD the Lord, Deal with me for Your name’s sake; Because Your mercy is good, deliver me.

  • “Justice for them; mercy for me.”  It seems rather selfish – but then again, David has something that the wicked apparently did not: covenant relationship with God.  David is praying that God would deal with the wicked as people who are outside the covenant protection of God, but deal with himself as someone who is definitely IN the covenant protection of God.  “GOD the Lord” = Yahweh Adonai = the ever-existent covenant keeping God who is King over Israel.  Basically praying (rightly), “Deal with me as if I belong to You…because I do!”
  • With all of David’s prayer for punishment upon the wicked, ultimately he’s praying for salvation for himself.  He needs deliverance, and the only reason God would grant it is because of His “chesed” covenant promises.

22 For I am poor and needy, And my heart is wounded within me. 23 I am gone like a shadow when it lengthens; I am shaken off like a locust. 24 My knees are weak through fasting, And my flesh is feeble from lack of fatness.

  • Notice the “for” (vs 22) – David is saying WHY he’s asking for deliverance: because he needs it!  David is in desperate straits, and the only hope he has is the Deliverer God.
  • David is humble & weak – and admits it.  Here’s a key difference between the wicked that caused so many problems for David & David himself.  The wicked was proud and unrepentant…he persecuted the people that God declared under His own protection, betrayed and cursed the king anointed by God over Israel.  The unrepentant do not receive forgiveness because they do not believe they need it; those who are humble are the ones who seek the face of God & understand their utter need for God’s grace.  As the NT repeatedly affirms, “God resists the proud, but gives grace to the humble.” (Jas 4:6, 1 Pet 5:5)
    • Have you humbled yourself before the Lord God?  It’s the only way in which you will experience the forgiveness and salvation you so desperately need.  Recognize Jesus as the Son of God today, believe upon Him as the King – and humble yourself before Him asking for His grace.

25 I also have become a reproach to them; When they look at me, they shake their heads.

  • The king had become a reproach.  The one who was most to be honored in Israel was one who was mocked & disdained.  Again, what David experienced in part is what Jesus experienced in full as He hung upon the cross.  The King of kings had people mock Him & disdain Him.  As the Creator God hung dying upon the cross for the sins of His created, the very people in need of His sacrifice made fun of Him, calling upon Him to get Himself down.  If He had (which Jesus was fully capable of doing) NONE of us would be saved!  Yet He endured the cross, despising the shame all to the glory of God.

26 Help me, O LORD my God! Oh, save me according to Your mercy, 27 That they may know that this is Your hand— That You, LORD, have done it!

  • Help me!  Save me!  Note the desperation.  This is not something in which David merely needs some help; this is something in which he has no hope apart from the intervention of God.
  • Why should God help?  Because it would be a testimony to the glory of God.

28 Let them curse, but You bless; When they arise, let them be ashamed, But let Your servant rejoice. 29 Let my accusers be clothed with shame, And let them cover themselves with their own disgrace as with a mantle.

  • Notice the contrasts – again with words of the people involved.  The enemies would curse David, but God would bless David.  They might curse & be ashamed, but David would rejoice with praise in the goodness of God.
  • Promise to praise (vss. 30-31)

30 I will greatly praise the LORD with my mouth; Yes, I will praise Him among the multitude. 31 For He shall stand at the right hand of the poor, To save him from those who condemn him.

  • Note the future tense here.  The deliverance had not yet happened, but David is prepared to praise God as if it had.  He has absolute faith in God’s deliverance – there’s not a doubt in his mind as to how God would act.  God would save the “poor” (David) and stand with him, and David would lift his voice in praise of his Savior & God.
  • It may be difficult for us to think of someone whom we would dare pray this kind of prayer over – and it’s not really a model for us to do so.  Yet there is one, about whom we could pray without hesitation: the enemy of our souls, the devil.  We need help – we need deliverance – we need justice to be done…and that’s exactly what we have received in Christ Jesus.  One day we will be witness to the justice of Christ as the devil is tossed into the lake of fire along with Antichrist and the false prophet.  Forever they will be tormented for their crimes against God & His people – and their punishment will be to the everlasting glory of God.


Psalm 110 (NKJV) – Prophecy of the King-Priest
A Psalm of David.

  • This is a short, but important psalm in that it is a direct prophecy of Jesus Christ.  It’s repeatedly referred to in the NT in reference to Jesus’ claim to divinity, prophecies of the resurrection, and His role as both King & High Priest. 
  • Messiah’s victory (vss. 1-2)

1 The LORD said to my Lord,“Sit at My right hand, Till I make Your enemies Your footstool.”

  • Speaks of the Deity of Christ.  Jesus directly quoted this during one of His many confrontations with the Pharisees & Sadducees.  Matthew 22:41–46, "(41) While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, (42) saying, “What do you think about the Christ? Whose Son is He?” They said to Him, “The Son of David.” (43) He said to them, “How then does David in the Spirit call Him ‘Lord,’ saying: (44) ‘The LORD said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand, Till I make Your enemies Your footstool” ’? (45) If David then calls Him ‘Lord,’ how is He his Son?” (46) And no one was able to answer Him a word, nor from that day on did anyone dare question Him anymore." []  Biologically, David ought to have received honor and respect from Jesus – after all, David was the great-great-great (etc) grandfather of Jesus.  Yet David prophetically (and rightly) called Jesus “Lord” in recognition of the greatness of Christ.  It is a direct testimony from David that Jesus is God.
  • Speaks of the authority of Christ.  He is at the right hand of God – this is a position of power and blessing.  This is one of the things that sets the Son apart from the angels. (Heb 1:13)  They serve God, whereas Jesus is served by them & exalted to the place of authority at the throne of God.
  • Speaks of the victory of Christ.  His enemies are His footstool. [Joshua vs. the 5 kings – Joshua 10:24]  Jesus has total victory over His enemies – the prophecy of Genesis 3:15 coming true that although Satan bruised the heel of the Messiah, Jesus bruised the dead of the serpent.  The devil is Jesus’ footstool!
  • Speaks of the resurrection of Christ…proving His identity to all the world!  [BIBLE: Acts 2:29-36]  If Jesus had succumbed to death, He could not sit at God’s right hand in total victory, because death would have HAD the victory.  Yet Jesus conquered death and was raised to the right hand of God.

2 The LORD shall send the rod of Your strength out of Zion. Rule in the midst of Your enemies!

  • Speaks of the future reign of Christ.  This is directly related to the Millennium: His rule begins in Jerusalem, but extends all over the world.  This cannot speak of heaven, as Jesus would have no enemies IN heaven.  This is reference to His physical reign over all the earth for 1000 years, prior to the final rebellion of Satan & the final judgment.
  • Messiah’s priesthood (vss. 3-4)

3 Your people shall be volunteers In the day of Your power; In the beauties of holiness, from the womb of the morning, You have the dew of Your youth.

  • God’s people participate in the kingdom rule of Christ.  We are Jesus’ fellow-heirs.
  • The Messiah reigns in glory.  Though He is the Ancient of Days, He reigns with “the dew of Your youth.”  He will forever have the vigor of strength about Him.  He may have died upon the cross, but when He rose from the grave, He rose in absolute power & strength.

4 The LORD has sworn And will not relent, “You are a priest forever According to the order of Melchizedek.”

  • Who was Melchizedek?  A combination priest & king in the days of Abraham, to whom Abraham paid tithes in recognition of the fact that Melchizedek was the priest of the Most High God (Gen 14).  The mysterious person may have even been the pre-incarnate Christ Jesus.  No doubt, he served as a type of the Christ King-Priest yet to come.  Hebrews 7 goes into great detail of how this applies to Jesus.  His priesthood is far greater than that which was given to Aaron (through the OT law of Moses) – it supersedes that of Aaron & lasts far beyond it. Jesus’ service as a priest is far better than that of any of Aaron’s line in that Aaron had to offer up animals; Jesus offered up Himself as the perfect sacrifice.  Hebrews 7:26–28, "(26) For such a High Priest was fitting for us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and has become higher than the heavens; (27) who does not need daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifices, first for His own sins and then for the people’s, for this He did once for all when He offered up Himself. (28) For the law appoints as high priests men who have weakness, but the word of the oath, which came after the law, appoints the Son who has been perfected forever." []
  • This office of Christ is based upon an unbreakable covenant of God.  His work as our High Priest is absolutely assured.
  • His office as High Priest will never come to an end.  Jesus has an everlasting kingdom and priesthood.  He forever reigns & His sacrifice is forever sufficient!
  • Messiah’s judgment (vss. 5-7)

5 The Lord is at Your right hand; He shall execute kings in the day of His wrath. 6 He shall judge among the nations, He shall fill the places with dead bodies, He shall execute the heads of many countries.

  • Notice who it is that does the judgment here: the Messiah.  “The Lord” is at God’s “right hand” & He is the One to execute judgment on the kings.  (Scholars are divided on this, with some thinking that God is shown here at Jesus’ right hand.  Yet consistency in the psalm would have David’s Lord being the Messiah at Yahweh God’s right hand – vs. 1.  Obviously, the relationship within the Trinity makes either scenario possible.  The Bible is clear that both God the Father and God the Son are involved at the judgment.  Yet Ps 110 seems to be more of a statement about the Son than the Father.)  Jesus is loving & gracious, but Jesus is still God Almighty.  He will judge the wicked nations with perfect righteousness.
  • Specifically, David points out the various kings that will be judged by Messiah.  As the King of kings, Jesus has the right to judge them all.

7 He shall drink of the brook by the wayside; Therefore He shall lift up the head.

  • Finishes with a final thought of the victory of Messiah.  He judged the wicked kings & nation, but He Himself drinks pure refreshing water at ease.  The wicked are troubled, but the King of kings is blessed.

What a King that we have!  He is the One whose Person is worthy of our praise, and delivers us from our enemies.  He is the One who will judge the prideful wicked, and deliver the humbly repentant.  He is the One who is forever King & Priest, our God & our all-sufficient sacrifice.  He is the amazing King Jesus!

David responded to this King with praise – with petition – with declaration of His power.  So can we.  We can worship Him in this same way.  Too many people only look at Jesus at His points of weakness: He is portrayed either as a babe in the manger or a dead Christ still on the cross.  Jesus certainly endured those times, but that is not how He remains.  Today, Jesus lives as the King!  Today, Jesus is victorious over the devil, over the grave, and over our sin.  Today He works on behalf of His people, and awaits the moment that He will come back and physically reign upon the earth.  THAT is the God and King we praise.  THIS is the God and King to whom we can appeal in our hour of need.


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