Justice, Protection, Blessing

Posted: March 14, 2012 in Psalms

Psalms 82-84, “Justice, Protection, Blessing”

Civil justice – national protection – individual worship and blessed relationship with the Lord.  Psalms 82-84 cover the gamut tonight.  In all cases, God is held up as supreme above all things.  He is supremely just and the One to whom all rulers must give an account.  God is supremely mighty and the One to whom all nations must submit.  God is supremely good & the One in whom we can be truly blessed.

Psalm 82 (NKJV) – Judging the Judges
A Psalm of Asaph.

  • The contrast between God and earthly judges/rulers (vss. 1-2)

1 God stands in the congregation of the mighty; He judges among the gods.

  • At first glance, it sounds as if the psalmist is teaching polytheism (the idea that there are many gods in the universe, as opposed to only the One True God).  Even the Hebrew language can leave this impression.  “Mighty” = “El,” often translated “God.”  “Gods” = “Elohim,” which is basically the plural form of the same word.  “Elohim” is used in the Scripture as early as Genesis 1:1, “In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.”  (Plural form of the word referring to a single entity = compound unity, i.e. the “royal ‘we’”.) 
  • So IS this psalm teaching polytheism?  NO.  The Bible overwhelmingly teaches that there is only one God, and that idols are useless & don’t exist.  Is this psalm a contradiction, or in error?  No…we simply need to be careful to interpret it rightly.  Remember that the psalms are poetry & poetry often uses symbolic language and pictures to artistically drive home a point.  How do we find out the meaning of the symbol?  By looking at the overall context.  Just as we would need to gaze at an entire painting to understand the symbols that might be contained within, so we need to look at the entire context of the psalm to properly interpret the figurative language.  What we’re going to find is that this psalm is an indictment upon earthly rulers & judges who are unjust in their judgments.  Thus when the psalmist labels people as “gods,” he is not saying that they are divine – he’s saying that they had been invested with the authority to judge, just as God has the authority to judge us.  They are not “gods” in the sense that they have omnipotent power, but they are “god-like,” in that they have been invested with power to judge individuals…something that is normally reserved to God alone.
  • The point for the psalmist is that earthly judges are not left unchecked.  There’s a bit of a play on words here: Elohim (God – the Supreme Ruler) judges the elohim (the rulers of the earth).  Even the most powerful ruler here on earth will one day face Almighty God for his own judgment.  God is the One to which every man and woman must one day give an answer.
    • Are you ready to answer to God?  If you were to see His face tonight, what would you say?

2 How long will you judge unjustly, And show partiality to the wicked? Selah

  • The earthly judges had a problem: they were unjust.  They had been unrighteous, and shown favoritism to those who least deserved it.
  • It’s certainly not hard to find examples of this in our own world today.  Overseas adoptions are shut down because the judges weren’t bribed “enough” by loving parents.  Senators and other government officials write policy based upon the highest bidding from lobbying groups.  Etc.  There’s no doubt that there is much injustice in our world.  Not merely that which happens in the back alleys from criminals no one sees, but also in the middle of our courtrooms and political hallways as the wicked are protected at the expense of the innocent.
  • True & righteous judgment (vss. 3-4)

3 Defend the poor and fatherless; Do justice to the afflicted and needy. 4 Deliver the poor and needy; Free them from the hand of the wicked.

  • This is what they ought to have been doing.  Instead of showing partiality to the wicked when they afflicted the needy, the judges should have risen up to the defense of those who needed them.  The OT law consistently upheld the idea that the poor & fatherless were to be defended from harm as people would attempt to take advantage of them.  The heart of God demonstrated through the Scriptures was always to protect them from the wicked.
    • Note: protection & justice doesn’t mean undue favor.  To protect the poor from oppression does not mean that the rich are to be oppressed in their stead.  The judges ought to have been “just” towards all – and they were unjust in every respect.  That is what the psalmist is condemning.
  • BTW – what is sung in vss. 3-4 is exactly what Jesus accomplishes!  Jesus defends the poor in spirit – He gives the spirit of adoption to those who were without the heavenly Father – He frees us from the hand of the wicked enemy as well as the wickedness of our own sin.  Jesus is our just deliverer! 
  • Folly of unjust judges (vss. 5-7)

5 They do not know, nor do they understand; They walk about in darkness; All the foundations of the earth are unstable.

  • Whether the judges were ignorant of the things of God, or purposefully ignoring them isn’t made clear here.  What is clear is that they did not act in such a way that showed they understood anything about the holiness of God.  If they had, their judgments would have been made in the fear of the Lord.
  • What is the result of their injustice? “All the foundations of the earth are unstable.”  When wickedness is allowed to rule in the place of Godly justice, the foundations of society are eroded.  How well we see this in place in our own culture!  In the family, first our society shrugged at no-fault divorce, now it’s beginning to shrug at homosexual marriage. In the issue of life, judges decided people had a right to an abortion, and now over 48 million babies have been killed since 1973 through abortion.  It would be tough to describe a more foundational issue to our society!
    • What is the solution?  Instead of unstable wickedness, our culture needs to be founded on the solid rock of Jesus Christ.  It’s not legislation that will change our society; it’s revival & conversion.  People walk in darkness now because they do not know the light of the world – they need to be saved! 

6 I said, “You are gods, And all of you are children of the Most High. 7 But you shall die like men, And fall like one of the princes.”

  • As with verse 1, this verse has caused no little confusion among people, yet the meaning of “gods” is the same here.  This is simply a reference to rulers & judges.  When God tells people that they are “gods,” the Father is not surrendering any of His power or acknowledging that other gods exist in the universe.  He is simply appointing them to act as His representatives in the area of judgment.  The NT affirms this same idea when Paul tells the Romans that “the authorities that exist are appointed by God.  Therefore whoever resists the authority resists the ordinance of God…” (Rom 13:1-2)  The government authorities that are in existence have been allowed their position by the sovereign will of God.  They are God’s ministers to exercise wrath & discipline upon those who do evil (Rom 13:4). 
  • Not only do they have a purpose assigned to them by Almighty God, they are also accountable to Almighty God for their works.  They may be judges, but at the end of the day, they are still simply men.  They may have been invested with authority, but they will still die and face the ultimate Judge of all the universe.
    • All of us will face that same Judge!
  • Interestingly enough, Jesus quoted this same verse when charged with the crime of blasphemy.  The Jews of Jerusalem had picked up stones to kill Jesus specifically because the understood that Jesus was calling Himself God.  John 10:34–38, "(34) Jesus answered them, “Is it not written in your law, ‘I said, “You are gods”’? (35) If He called them gods, to whom the word of God came (and the Scripture cannot be broken), (36) do you say of Him whom the Father sanctified and sent into the world, ‘You are blaspheming,’ because I said, ‘I am the Son of God’? (37) If I do not do the works of My Father, do not believe Me; (38) but if I do, though you do not believe Me, believe the works, that you may know and believe that the Father is in Me, and I in Him.”" []  Keep in mind that Jesus is not acknowledging the existence of other gods, no more than the original psalmist was (despite the claims of the Mormons & JW’s).  Jesus’ point to the men of Jerusalem was that they didn’t have a reason to accuse Him of blasphemy.  Words mean nothing when they’re not backed up with action.  Jesus had given them many proofs that He is indeed God in the flesh; they had stubbornly chosen not to believe.  If Jesus had not actually been God in the flesh, the Jews would have had every right to stone Him.  As it was, He had already shown them otherwise.  Their problem was their sinful & stubborn lack of faith.
  • Prayer and conclusion (vs. 8)

8 Arise, O God, judge the earth; For You shall inherit all nations.

  • Prayer for future judgment.
  • Proclamation of future reign.


Psalm 83 (NKJV) – Lord, Defend Us!
A Song. A Psalm of Asaph.

  • Psalm 83 has gotten a lot of attention in recent years from a prophetic viewpoint.  Although scholars don’t all agree, there’s no doubt that the psalm speaks of a war in Israel that is not described in the Scripture.  Potentially, the original context for the psalm comes from 2 Chronicles 20, in which a confederacy of nations from the east rises up against the nation of Judah in an attempt to destroy it.  King Jehoshaphat prayed to the Lord for help among all the people, and God gave a word through one of the prophets that the nation was not to be afraid, for the battle was not theirs but God’s. (2 Chr 20:15)  The next day, the people kept believing & worshipping the Lord, and God caused the confederacy to collapse & start fighting among themselves.  By the end, they had all killed themselves.
  • Although this is a wonderful context to Ps 83, it’s somewhat incomplete.  Certainly some of the nations of the confederacy of 2 Chr 20 are named, but there are many more here that are not.  In addition, it would seem that there is more at stake than just the southern areas of Judah, but rather the entire land and population of Israel.  Thus it seems that even though perhaps the war of 2 Chr 20 might have originally inspired the writing, the ultimate subject is still future.  Bible prophecy does clearly show future battles for the nation of Israel during the years of the Tribulation (including the war of Gog & Magog), but it would seem that this particular war may take place before the Tribulation, and helping to pave the way for some of the specific things mentioned in those other wars to come to pass.
  • Wherever you fall on the prophetic aspect of the psalm, there’s no doubt that this is a song of desperation and dependence upon the Lord.  When your enemies surround you, what do you do?  Cry out to God.  That’s exactly what Asaph does.
  • Help, Lord! (vss. 1-2)

1 Do not keep silent, O God! Do not hold Your peace, And do not be still, O God! 2 For behold, Your enemies make a tumult; And those who hate You have lifted up their head.

  • There’s no question Asaph comes to the Lord with a sense of urgency.  He’s basically saying, “God, we need Your help & we need it now!”  He asks God to rise up in His speech, and to rise up in His actions – that God would come against the enemies of Israel in all His force.
  • What was the problem?  The enemies of Israel had acted – they had made a “tumult” in their saber-rattling & warmongering.  Now Israel needed God to act in response.  They needed His word & assurances & saving acts of deliverance in order to know that everything was going to be alright.
    • When our world seems to fall apart, what is it we need?  The same things.  We need the calming word of God – we need the presence of the power of God.  When God speaks and acts, we know that everything is going to be OK as we’re reminded that God keeps us right in the palm of His hand.  How do we get these things?  Through the Bible & prayer!  When we need to hear the word of God, there’s no better place to turn than the Scripture, through which the Holy Spirit teaches and guides and comforts us.  When we need the presence of God, we can go straight to the Lord in prayer, and as we lay everything at His feet in praise & thanksgiving, we find that He gives us the peace that passes understanding.  As we ask to be continually renewed and filled with the Holy Spirit, we find that God does exactly that.  When life falls apart, we can be sure that our God does not remain silent!
  • Notice that the enemies of Israel are also the enemies of God.  Vs. 2 = “Your enemies…”  Obviously these nations had not attempted to build a tower to the heavens and try to personally fight or overthrow God (as they did at the tower of Babel), but instead they came against the chosen people of God.  In doing so, they showed themselves to be enemies of the Lord God Himself.  How comforting a truth this ought to be to every believer!  When we are attacked by our enemy, we know that ultimately God is the one being attacked – yet God will not be overpowered or shaken!
  • The evil conspiracy (vss. 3-8)

3 They have taken crafty counsel against Your people, And consulted together against Your sheltered ones. 4 They have said, “Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation, That the name of Israel may be remembered no more.”

  • Referring to the conspiracy of the nations.  This was not a random attack or occurrence; this was something planned out by the enemies of Israel (and thus the enemies of God).  What exactly were they conspiring to do?  Push for the total annihilation of Israel.  They wanted to cut Israel “off from being a nation,” that the very name of Israel would not be remembered in history.
    • Interestingly enough, although many nations have attempted to do this, none have succeeded.  The Egyptians did not absorb the Hebrews as their slaves.  The Philistines could never conquer the people.  The Babylonians could not completely destroy the Jews, nor could the Romans.  Even Hitler and the Nazis, though they decimated Jews by the millions could not wipe the nation from the history books.  Alone among the various people groups of the world, the Israelites have persisted in their existence for thousands of years.  How many Amorites have you met?  Hittites?  Even Babylonians?  These nations have been wiped from history, and the peoples mixed – but the Jews have lasted.  Truly they have been “sheltered” by God.
    • Keep in mind that among the enemies of the modern state of Israel, their stated goal is still the complete annihilation of the nation.  Organizations like the PLO, Hamas, and Hezbollah want nothing less than to wipe the nation of Israel from the map & obliterate them from history.  They don’t want peace; they want the death of the Israeli state.

5 For they have consulted together with one consent; They form a confederacy against You: 6 The tents of Edom and the Ishmaelites; Moab and the Hagrites; 7 Gebal, Ammon, and Amalek; Philistia with the inhabitants of Tyre; 8 Assyria also has joined with them; They have helped the children of Lot. Selah

  • Describing the nations that conspired against Israel (and ultimately against God – vs. 5).  When all totaled, the confederacy completely surrounds the nation of Israel, encompassing far more than the southern kingdom of Judah (as would have existed at the time of Jehoshaphat). [MAP]
    • Edom: descended originally from Esau, to the east.
    • Ishamaelites: descendants of Ishmael, comprising several nomadic groups found in the Arabic desert.
    • Moab: descended from Lot, settled to the southeast of Israel.
    • Hagrites: There’s been no little debate here in recent years.  Some insist that the Hagrites represent the nation of Egypt (and no doubt Egypt has been a traditional enemy of Israel & a power player in the modern region).  Yet there’s much Biblical evidence that casts this in doubt.  “Hagrites” refers to descendent of Hagar (the mother of Ishmael), and although she was indeed an Egyptian, her descendants were not.  Genesis 25:18 says that the various sons of Ishmael dwelt from Havilah to Shur – which basically an expression that encompasses the Arabian desert east of Egypt.  1 Chronicles 5 actually mentions the Hagrites in a battle with the sons of Reuben, which would place them at the southeast corner of the land.  Thus it would seem that this group would be (like the Ishmaelites) a group of nomadic Arabs.
    • Gebal: This was a city in northern Phoenicia (modern-day Lebanon) also known as Byblos (both Biblically & in modern times).
    • Ammon: another descendent of Lot, also to the east of Israel.
    • Amalek: The Amalekites were supposed to have been completely wiped out by King Saul, but he let some survive & they caused all sorts of trouble for the nation.  They seemingly lived closer to the Sinai peninsula.
    • Philistia: to the west of Israel, in what we know today as the West Bank.
    • Tyre: to the northwest of Israel. 
    • Assyria: to the north – as far as their capitol city of Ninevah (in modern Iraq).
  • When we put it all together, it would seem that Israel will be attacked from all sides, ranging from Egyptian influence in the south (Sinai) to Jordan to the Palestinians to Lebanon, Syria & more, even with potential Iraqi or Iranian influence.  No doubt Israel faces danger from most of these nations & people groups every single day.  Apparently there will come a time when they team up together & try one final time to push Israel into the sea.
  • Faced with all of their surrounding enemies, what does the psalmist do?  Cry out to God!
  • God’s past victories (vss. 9-12)

9 Deal with them as with Midian, As with Sisera, As with Jabin at the Brook Kishon, 10 Who perished at En Dor, Who became as refuse on the earth. 11 Make their nobles like Oreb and like Zeeb, Yes, all their princes like Zebah and Zalmunna, 12 Who said, “Let us take for ourselves The pastures of God for a possession.”

  • This would not have been the first time Israel was threatened with elimination – the psalmist appeals to God for how God had acted in the past.  Basically prays, “Deal with them just like You dealt with all of our other enemies!”
    • This is wisdom!  When we are overwhelmed with our present circumstances, how can we appeal to God?  We appeal to Him based on His past work.  We know we can trust God for present and future events because we can look so easily at the past and see what He’s already done.  We know God is our provider because we’ve tasted of His provision.  We know that He is our protector because we’ve experienced the calm of His protection.  We can look back on those “banner” moments in our walk with God when we’ve seen Him in action.  And even beyond all of those moments, we look to the cross & empty tomb!  If God raised Jesus from the dead in victory over sin, what trial is there that we cannot trust to the hand of God?  His power is sufficient & He has already proven it in abundance!
  • Interestingly enough, the psalmist does not look to the exploits of King David or Solomon, or even of Moses & Joshua during the exodus and conquest, but rather to the times of the judges for examples of God’s supernatural protection.  The judges aren’t exactly the first group of people that most of us would think about for examples of the supernatural deliverance of God.  Moses saw the parting of the Red Sea – David saw incredible military victories as he walked with God.  Yet the judges ruled during a period of incredible inconsistency among Israel.  The reason the Israelites needed so much deliverance from their enemies was because they continually sinned against the Lord, and God had continually removed His hand of protection from them.  Yet when the people turned back, God was faithful to raise up a judge & send a deliverer.  (Such as Deborah/Barak & Gideon, as referenced.)
    • Why is this?  All we can do is speculate.  (To date, Israel is in a state of sin against God in that they reject the Messiah.  Perhaps this is a reference to a turning of the nation to faith & revival??)  Whatever the case, the psalmist remembers how God delivered the people when they turned to God for help, and he prays for the same kind of help in the same kind of situation.
  • Prayer for protection (vss. 13-18)

13 O my God, make them like the whirling dust, Like the chaff before the wind! 14 As the fire burns the woods, And as the flame sets the mountains on fire, 15 So pursue them with Your tempest, And frighten them with Your storm.

  • Praying that God would defeat the confederacy with an overwhelming show of His power and might.  Both Deborah & Gideon did send soldiers to battle, but there was little doubt that God is the one who fought for them.  Deborah & Barak were overwhelmed with massive military strength (900 iron chariots) – Gideon was massively outnumbered (with the Midianites numbering like a swarm of locusts).  Yet God gave Israel a decisive victory in both cases.  He glorified Himself in battle then, and the psalmist prays that God would do the same thing.  He prays that God would fight like a tornado or a thunderstorm & completely shut down the enemy.
  • When God fights in battle, the enemy is always overwhelmed!  We’ll see the same thing at Jesus’ 2nd coming.  All He has to do is show up, and the massive battle of Armageddon is ended!

16 Fill their faces with shame, That they may seek Your name, O LORD. 17 Let them be confounded and dismayed forever; Yes, let them be put to shame and perish, 18 That they may know that You, whose name alone is the LORD, Are the Most High over all the earth.

  • Asaph not only prays for their enemies’ defeat, but for their humiliating defeat.  He wants them to be so completely overwhelmed that they are shamed in the sight of the rest of the world, and for them to know without a doubt that it was the Lord God who defeated them.
  • Even better than acknowledging the fact that God is God, what would be infinitely better would be for the nations to be converted instead!  That they would seek the name of the Lord & know that God is most high.
  • Of course, this will one day be exactly the case.  One day, every knee will bow & every tongue confess that Jesus is Lord.  In some cases, that confession will be one of joy as people worship their Savior & King – in other cases, the confession will be one of fear and humiliation as they acknowledge their ruin.
    • How will we know which confession we will have?  By how we confess Jesus now on the earth!  You can know Him as your Savior & joy!


Psalm 84 (NKJV) – Satisfaction in the Lord
To the Chief Musician. On An Instrument of Gath. A Psalm of the Sons of Korah.

  • It’s been a while since we’ve seen a psalm from the Sons of Korah.  Since Book 3 of the psalms began, we’ve had psalms of Asaph – now we’ll start to see some different authors again.  Recall that Korah was a Kohathite that had originally rebelled against Moses & Aaron, desiring the position of high priest, instead of the position God had graciously given him.  Korah was swallowed up by the earth, but apparently some of his children survived & ended up thriving in the roles God gave them.
  • The house of God (vss. 1-4)

1 How lovely is Your tabernacle, O LORD of hosts! 2 My soul longs, yes, even faints For the courts of the LORD; My heart and my flesh cry out for the living God.

  • Longing for the courts and presence of the Lord
  • How urgently do you seek Him?

3 Even the sparrow has found a home, And the swallow a nest for herself, Where she may lay her young— Even Your altars, O LORD of hosts, My King and my God.

  • There seems to be a note of jealousy here.  The psalmist longs for the house of God, seemingly prohibited from being there for some reason, but the birds get to nest wherever they want – including in the temple/tabernacle itself.
  • Whose altars did the psalmist long for?  “O LORD of hosts, My King and my God.”  Like Thomas after seeing the Resurrected Jesus, the psalmist cries out in worship his proclamation that the Covenant keeping Lord above all the angels is the King & God, and not just that…God is HIS King & God.  His worship and relationship is personal because He is a personal God.

4 Blessed are those who dwell in Your house; They will still be praising You. Selah

  • Talking about the birds and anyone else who dwells there…
  • Today, God dwells with us – we are the temple of the Holy Spirit.  In the future, we will dwell with God. John 14:1–3, "(1) “Let not your heart be troubled; you believe in God, believe also in Me. (2) In My Father’s house are many mansions; if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. (3) And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself; that where I am, there you may be also." []
  • The blessings of being in God #1 (vss. 5-7)

5 Blessed is the man whose strength is in You, Whose heart is set on pilgrimage. 6 As they pass through the Valley of Baca, They make it a spring; The rain also covers it with pools.

  • Blessed” = “How happy!”  “Baca” = “weeping.”  The man strengthened by God is happy even in the valley of weeping.  Even tears turn to wellsprings, going from a thing of sorrow to a place of comfort and provision.
  • Question: is the psalmist saying that everyone will always experience happiness at all times in the Lord?  No.  He’s simply poetically expressing the joy the born-again believer finds in God, simply by being in the presence of the Lord & in fellowship with Him.  For someone in Christ, we may go through valleys of immense suffering and pain, yet we still find joy in the Lord Jesus.  We’ve been saved – we’ve been redeemed – we have a companion and co-heir in Christ who never leaves us nor forsakes us.  We are truly blessed! 

7 They go from strength to strength; Each one appears before God in Zion.

  • Even those with little strength move to a position of more strength when they rely upon the strength of God.
  • Prayer for God’s favor (vss. 8-10)

8 O LORD God of hosts, hear my prayer; Give ear, O God of Jacob! Selah 9 O God, behold our shield, And look upon the face of Your anointed.

  • Crying out to the covenant God of Israel to look upon the King of Israel & bless him.  “Anointed” = “Messiah” & technically could refer to the Davidic king.  Quite possibly, the psalmist is looking forward to the ultimate Son of David and asking God the Father to bless the Lord Jesus Christ.

10 For a day in Your courts is better than a thousand. I would rather be a doorkeeper in the house of my God Than dwell in the tents of wickedness.

  • A doorkeeper in the house of God was basically like an usher/greeter today.  They helped people come into worship the Lord at the right times.  It certainly wasn’t a high paying position among the Levites, or particularly desired as much as a position of a priest – but the psalmist understood it’s true value.  Serving the Lord in any capacity was of greater value than anything the world could possibly offer!
  • The blessings of being in God #2 (vss. 11-12)

11 For the LORD God is a sun and shield; The LORD will give grace and glory; No good thing will He withhold From those who walk uprightly.

  • Why is the position of a doorkeeper in the temple so valuable?  Not because of the work, but because of the One for whom the psalmist works: God.  The value is God Himself.
  • What the world can offer doesn’t compare with God.  God is not stingy with His grace & provision.

12 O LORD of hosts, Blessed is the man who trusts in You!

  • Summary.
  • Do you trust in the Lord Jesus?  Then you are blessed!  “But I don’t have a position of visibility…”  You’re blessed!  “But I’m not rich…”  You’re blessed!  “But I’m not ____…” In Christ, you are blessed simply because you are in Christ!  When you trust in the Lord God of Hosts, you are truly blessed.

For those wounded by injustice, you can find your hope in God the Judge.  Jesus is the one who defends the needy from the hand of the wicked.  For those in danger from enemies, you can find your hope in God the Almighty.  God will honor His promises to Israel, and Jesus in the one in whom we have ultimate victory.  For those thirsty for the present of the Lord, you can find your hope and comfort in our blessed Lord Jesus Christ!  He dwells with us now, and is preparing a place for us in eternity.  He is to be prized as more valuable than all things…He is worth it all & more.

For those who might be waiting to recognize the Lord Jesus Christ as God in the flesh, what are you waiting for?  What could possibly be seen as more valuable than Him, and what He offers through His forgiveness and grace?  So many people try to gain the whole world & everything it has to offer (carnal pleasures, temporary wealth, inflated pride), and yet in the process they lose their soul.  What would you give in exchange for your soul?  Jesus already gave everything for you when He died upon the cross in your place.  Surrender yourself to Him tonight & receive Him as your Lord & Savior!  He invites you to come, so come!


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