Remembering the Undeserved Goodness of God

Posted: March 1, 2012 in Psalms

Psalm 78, “Remembering the Undeserved Goodness of God”

It’s always interesting to look at memories.  Sometimes they’re good & enjoyable…other times, not so much.  Sometimes memories can be downright painful as we think over past mistakes & failings.  Yet as painful as it might be, occasionally it can be helpful.  Why look back at past sins?  Because looking back at the past can help prevent future sins of the same type.  In Christ, we praise God that we’re forgiven – but though we’ve been forgiven of our past, we dare not forget it.

This is what we find Asaph doing in Psalm 78.  Over the course of this psalm, he takes an honest (and somewhat) painful look back over the history of Israel.  Time after time, he brings out the failings of Israel & how they rebelled against God.  Yet in the midst of all their failings, Asaph also remembers the consistent goodness and love of God.  Yes, there were many times that God disciplined His people, but He always moved them forward in grace.  And that was a lesson worth remembering & passing along to the next generation!

Psalm 78 (NKJV)
A Contemplation Of Asaph. (maskil = instruction)  This could very well be the original “Asaph,” in that the psalm ends extoling the reign of King David.

  • Introduction: the praises of God & rebellion of Israel (vss. 1-8)

1 Give ear, O my people, to my law; Incline your ears to the words of my mouth. 2 I will open my mouth in a parable; I will utter dark sayings of old, 3 Which we have heard and known, And our fathers have told us.

  • Listen up! Listen to what?  To Asaph’s “law.”  The word is “torah” & although it could refer to the Divine law of God, contextually it simply refers to a specific teaching/lesson.  Asaph has a lesson that he’s learned from his forefathers & he wants to pass it on.

4 We will not hide them from their children, Telling to the generation to come the praises of the LORD, And His strength and His wonderful works that He has done.

  • To teach the next generation the things of God was a specific command for Israel.  It went hand-in-hand with the Great Commandment. Deuteronomy 6:20–25, "(20) “When your son asks you in time to come, saying, ‘What is the meaning of the testimonies, the statutes, and the judgments which the LORD our God has commanded you?’ (21) then you shall say to your son: ‘We were slaves of Pharaoh in Egypt, and the LORD brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand; (22) and the LORD showed signs and wonders before our eyes, great and severe, against Egypt, Pharaoh, and all his household. (23) Then He brought us out from there, that He might bring us in, to give us the land of which He swore to our fathers. (24) And the LORD commanded us to observe all these statutes, to fear the LORD our God, for our good always, that He might preserve us alive, as it is this day. (25) Then it will be righteousness for us, if we are careful to observe all these commandments before the LORD our God, as He has commanded us.’"  [] They were supposed to know.
  • We are obviously not under the law, but we certainly need to teach our children the praises of God!  We need to tell them of the wonderful things that God has done – we need to teach them of the strength of the Almighty.

5 For He established a testimony in Jacob, And appointed a law in Israel, Which He commanded our fathers, That they should make them known to their children; 6 That the generation to come might know them, The children who would be born, That they may arise and declare them to their children, 7 That they may set their hope in God, And not forget the works of God, But keep His commandments; 8 And may not be like their fathers, A stubborn and rebellious generation, A generation that did not set its heart aright, And whose spirit was not faithful to God.

  • Specifically, the children of Israel needed to learn the word of God.  “Testimony…law…command,” are all references to the Scripture.
    • Here’s the point: we need to be intentional about teaching the Bible to the next generation.  Although we certainly need to set the example with our own personal reading & growth, we cannot expect our kids to get it by osmosis.  We need to teach it to them.
    • BTW – you don’t need to be a parent to invest in the next generation.  Find a young person that you can mentor.
  • What’s the big deal?  As the old adage states: “Those who don’t know history are doomed to repeat it.”  Neither Asaph’s forefathers nor Asaph’s own generation had been faithful to God.  Asaph wanted the next generation to learn the lessons that his own generation had never grasped.
  • Is Asaph being overly harsh in his description of his own generation?  “A stubborn and rebellious generation, A generation that did not set its heart aright, And whose spirit was not faithful to God.”  Not at all…this is simple honesty.  They HAD been stubborn & rebellious.  God repeatedly described the Hebrews as a “stiff-necked people.”  Asaph had to be willing to look at himself honestly before he could help his children learn what to do and what NOT to do.  It was only by being honest about his own sins that he (and others) could help the next generation learn rightly to “set their hope in God.
    • Too often it seems that we want to help others do the “right” thing without looking at what we ourselves might have done wrong.  If we don’t know what we did wrong, how do we know what the right action is?  We’ve got to be willing to examine our own lives in light of the word of God, and then our hearts will be humble and prepared to be used by God to help someone else.  [Speck of dust in someone else’s eye; beam in ours.]
  • God’s provision in the wilderness (vss. 9-16)

9 The children of Ephraim, being armed and carrying bows, Turned back in the day of battle. 10 They did not keep the covenant of God; They refused to walk in His law, 11 And forgot His works And His wonders that He had shown them.

  • Summary of how Israel had rebelled.  “Ephraim” is generally a reference to the northern kingdom, though this was likely written prior to the division of the kingdoms.  Asaph is probably referring to the northern tribes in general, as opposed to the southern tribes of Judah, from whom God is going to choose David as king (which Asaph will reference later on).  Most of the judges prior to the kingdom years had come from the northern tribes, and the days of the judges were characterized by much sin.
  • Notice that the sin wasn’t always accidental.  “They refused to walk in His law.”  Many times they purposefully rebelled against God.
  • Keep in mind Israel did not have an excuse for their rebellion.  It’s not like the God of the Bible was just a far-away theoretical idea for them.  They had seen the miraculous works of God, but they “forgot” them.  Question: had it just slipped their memory?  Not likely.  Sometimes we “forget” by honest mistake – other times we “forget” when we purposefully put something out of our mind.  That seems to be more of the idea here.  The Hebrews had purposefully refused to walk in God’s law & one of the ways of doing that was to intentionally turn away from the memory of how God had miraculously acted on their behalf in their presence.
    • Before we point too many fingers, please note how perfectly this describes our own tendency to fall into sin.  There are times that sin just sneaks up on us – but there are other times we dwell upon it in our minds & chew on all the various ways in which we can engage in it.  It’s not that we’ve truly “forgotten” about what Jesus has done for us in dying upon the cross for our sin – it’s that we’re purposefully trying not to think about it in order to not deal with the guilt of our conscience.
    • How important it is to keep our eyes on Jesus & the cross!

12 Marvelous things He did in the sight of their fathers, In the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan. 13 He divided the sea and caused them to pass through; And He made the waters stand up like a heap. 14 In the daytime also He led them with the cloud, And all the night with a light of fire. 15 He split the rocks in the wilderness, And gave them drink in abundance like the depths. 16 He also brought streams out of the rock, And caused waters to run down like rivers.

  • Summary of how God provided for Israel in the wilderness.  The historical accounts of Exodus & Numbers show all sorts of miraculous “marvelous things” that God did in the sight of all Israel as a witness to His glory.
    • Parted the Red Sea
    • Pillar of cloud by day & fire by night
    • Brought water from a rock…twice!
  • Any single one of these things ought to have been more than enough for Israel to have faith.  Any supernatural miracle is (by definition) incredible.  We think of healings or how God may have worked in some individual life as being outstanding & life-altering.  Yet the examples given here are miraculous wonders that God in the sight of an entire nation of people.  By some estimates, over 1 million people personally witnessed/experienced these things!  Surely this would have been enough for the nation to have abiding faith in God…right?  Wrong.
  • Israel’s rebellion in the wilderness (vss. 17-29)

17 But they sinned even more against Him By rebelling against the Most High in the wilderness. 18 And they tested God in their heart By asking for the food of their fancy. 19 Yes, they spoke against God: They said, “Can God prepare a table in the wilderness? 20 Behold, He struck the rock, So that the waters gushed out, And the streams overflowed. Can He give bread also? Can He provide meat for His people?”

  • Don’t miss the utter callousness of it all…to use the Yiddish word, the “chutzpah” demonstrated by Israel.  Sure God had done incredible acts of provision…He had done things no one could have even imagined up as possibilities.  Yet it just wasn’t good enough for the people.  Despite all of the miracles, Israel wanted more.  It wasn’t that Israel didn’t realize God was behind all of the miracles – it wasn’t that Israel didn’t understand that God had provided for them – it was that they didn’t care.  Everything God did just wasn’t enough.  That’s the whole point of verse 20: the streams had already overflowed where there was none (and not even a possibility of a stream, since it was from a ROCK), but they asked “Can He give bread also? Can He provide meat for His people?”  Say what!?  CAN God do it?  He just brought water out of a rock – there’s no question of CAN God do something.  God CAN do anything.  The problem was that the people weren’t satisfied with the demonstration of what God could do.  Even after everything God already did, they didn’t trust Him & thus complained against Him.
  • Israel was testing God.  Don’t test Him!
  • There’s another aspect here that is inferred, though not directly said: Israel simply wasn’t grateful for everything God had already done. Are we grateful?

21 Therefore the LORD heard this and was furious; So a fire was kindled against Jacob, And anger also came up against Israel, 22 Because they did not believe in God, And did not trust in His salvation.

  • What a horrifying thought of God’s fury!  God was “furious” at His own people.
  • Why?  Because they had unbelief.  Despite God had done for them, the Israelites did not believe God, nor did they trust His saving power.
    • People are condemned because of their unbelief.  John 3:18, "He who believes in Him is not condemned; but he who does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God."  [] The command is to believe (1 Jn 3:23) – do you believe?

23 Yet He had commanded the clouds above, And opened the doors of heaven, 24 Had rained down manna on them to eat, And given them of the bread of heaven. 25 Men ate angels’ food; He sent them food to the full.

  • Don’t miss the grace here.  God had miraculously provided & the people complained.  Though they complained, God still provided even more…this time through the manna.
  • What a picture of the grace of God!  Though Israel sinned, God gave them bread from heaven through which they could be satisfied.  This is exactly what He did in the person of Jesus Christ.  Jesus IS the bread which came down from heaven (Jn 6:51).  Though we callously rebelled and sinned and complained against God, God still showered us with grace by sending us the Bread of Life!  We have partaken of Him in abundance & eaten to the full!

26 He caused an east wind to blow in the heavens; And by His power He brought in the south wind. 27 He also rained meat on them like the dust, Feathered fowl like the sand of the seas; 28 And He let them fall in the midst of their camp, All around their dwellings. 29 So they ate and were well filled, For He gave them their own desire.

  • Beyond the manna, God also sent meat in the form of quail.  The account is found in Numbers 11.  Not even the manna had satisfied the people.  They grew tired of the same food day after day (though every single day was a demonstration of the supernatural provision of God).  They took the miracle of God for granted & desired something more fleshly – more carnal.  So God indulged them & gave it to them.  He drove flocks of quail into the camp of the Hebrews in abundance.  Yet this was not just His provision, but His justice.  See vs. 30…
  • God’s discipline and compassion (vss. 30-41)

30 They were not deprived of their craving; But while their food was still in their mouths, 31 The wrath of God came against them, And slew the stoutest of them, And struck down the choice men of Israel. 32 In spite of this they still sinned, And did not believe in His wondrous works. 33 Therefore their days He consumed in futility, And their years in fear.

  • God did indeed satisfy their craving, but their craving was the result of their sin.  The wages of sin is death, and God’s wrath came in response through a massive plague upon the people.
    • God will sometimes give us what we want – and He’ll also allow us to experience the consequences that come along with it.
  • Notice that the provision of the quail STILL did not help their faith in God.  They continued in unbelief, even when God gave them over to their sinful craving in His miraculous provision.  Miracles do not guarantee faith.  So often, people look to the miraculous & they claim “If only God would do ____, then I’d believe!”  Not true – and it’s been proven throughout history.  Jesus illustrated it when He told the parable of the rich man & Lazarus (Lk 16).  The rich man had begged Abraham to send a warning to his other unbelieving friends & Abraham responded that they if they didn’t believe the written word of God, they wouldn’t believe any warning – even if God sent someone back from the dead (Lk 16:31).  Not even a miraculous resurrection would cause someone to come to faith…which was proven through the unbelief of the Pharisees even after Jesus’ own physical resurrection.  So often what it comes down to is that people want the miracles; they just don’t want to submit themselves to the God who does miraculous things.  Our focus ought not be on the things that we think God can do for us, but upon God Himself.

34 When He slew them, then they sought Him; And they returned and sought earnestly for God. 35 Then they remembered that God was their rock, And the Most High God their Redeemer.

  • When did the faith come?  After God disciplined them.  When God sent the water, they didn’t believe – when God sent the manna, they didn’t believe – when God sent the quail, they didn’t believe – yet when God sent the plague, NOW all of a sudden people start seeking the Lord.  The chastening of God is what brought the people to repentance.
  • This is the always the reason for God’s discipline!  God never disciplines His people because He get some sort of glee out of punishing us.  He disciplines us so that we would repent & be restored into right relationship with Him!
  • What is it that they remembered?  (1) God was their rock…  (2) God was their Redeemer…

36 Nevertheless they flattered Him with their mouth, And they lied to Him with their tongue; 37 For their heart was not steadfast with Him, Nor were they faithful in His covenant.

  • Sadly their repentance didn’t last.  Like so many of us, they had sworn over & over again that they’d always follow the God, abide by His covenant, and never fall away…and then at the first opportunity, they basically did exactly that.

38 But He, being full of compassion, forgave their iniquity, And did not destroy them. Yes, many a time He turned His anger away, And did not stir up all His wrath; 39 For He remembered that they were but flesh, A breath that passes away and does not come again.

  • Praise God for His grace!  The Israelites repeatedly failed, but God repeatedly forgave. 
  • God knows our weaknesses & failings.  That’s not to say we don’t sin in our weaknesses, but God surely understands that we have weaknesses.  That’s one of the reasons He prays for us (Rom 8:26).  Just as Jesus prayed for Peter, that Peter wouldn’t fail in his temptation to deny Jesus (Lk 22:32), so does the Son and the Holy Spirit pray for us, interceding on our behalf.

40 How often they provoked Him in the wilderness, And grieved Him in the desert! 41 Yes, again and again they tempted God, And limited the Holy One of Israel.

  • The terminology is so extreme here.  Israel “provoked” God – they “grieved” God – they “tempted” God – they “limited” God.   How might we do the same?  Our sin & bad attitudes towards one another might grieve the Holy Spirit (Eph 4:30) – our insistence upon signs and wonders might tempt God (Mt 4:7) – our idolatry might provoke God to jealousy (Dt 32:16). IOW, when we do the same things as ancient Israel, we treat our loving Heavenly Father with the same ingratitude as ancient Israel.  How awful!
  • Can the limitless God be limited? (ESV = provoked, NASB = pained)  In absolute power, of course not – yet by our lack of obedience & faith, yes.  God does not force us to obey Him – God does not force us to walk in faith (though surely He has the power to do so).  When we refuse to obey God, God is limited in how He can use us for His glory & purposes.  His purposes will always be accomplished, but He might not be able to use us to those ends because we were unwilling to be used.
    • How might God use us if we were truly surrendered to His will in our lives?  The possibilities are amazing.
  • God’s provision in the exodus from Egypt (vss. 42-55)

42 They did not remember His power: The day when He redeemed them from the enemy, 43 When He worked His signs in Egypt, And His wonders in the field of Zoan; 44 Turned their rivers into blood, And their streams, that they could not drink. 45 He sent swarms of flies among them, which devoured them, And frogs, which destroyed them. 46 He also gave their crops to the caterpillar, And their labor to the locust. 47 He destroyed their vines with hail, And their sycamore trees with frost. 48 He also gave up their cattle to the hail, And their flocks to fiery lightning.

  • Asaph turns his attention to an earlier example.  Not only had Israel disobeyed God in the wilderness, they had disobeyed God throughout the exodus.  Just as God had provided for their every need in the wilderness, God had provided for their every need in bringing them out of Egypt.  God did miracle after miracle among the people, causing even many Egyptians to come to faith (and join the mixed multitude with the Hebrews), but yet the Israelites still forgot the displays of His power.
  • Asaph lists off several of the plagues.  (1) Water turning to blood, (2) Flies, (3) Frogs, (4) Locusts, (5) hail, etc.  Asaph doesn’t give a comprehensive listing (the darkness, boils, and lice are all left out, for instance), but gives enough of a picture to show how God personally intervened in amazing supernatural ways.  God truly worked His wonders in the field of Zoan (Egypt).

49 He cast on them the fierceness of His anger, Wrath, indignation, and trouble, By sending angels of destruction among them. 50 He made a path for His anger; He did not spare their soul from death, But gave their life over to the plague, 51 And destroyed all the firstborn in Egypt, The first of their strength in the tents of Ham.

  • The last of the plagues (the culmination of all of them) was Passover.  Asaph saves his most detailed description for it.
    • Remember that Passover is a perfect picture of the cross of Christ!
  • Please note that God is the one who sent the destroying angels.  It wasn’t that God had removed Himself from the land of Egypt & gave it over to the demons that night; instead God was absolutely in control and it was He Himself who sent the angel throughout the land killing all of the firstborn.  Objection: “But that sounds so cruel?  How could I be expected to believe in a God who did that?!”  Like it or not, that’s exactly what God did.  We don’t have to be joyful at the death of the firstborn to honestly fear and worship the God who caused it.  At the same time, we have to realize this was all part of the perfect wrath and justice of a Holy God.  God did not capriciously kill these children – these died due to the wrath and rebellion of Egypt.  The wages of sin is death, and Egypt experienced this firsthand.  Keep in mind that ALL the people were under the same plague – if Israel had not obeyed the Lord’s commandments & been covered by the blood of the Passover lamb, they would have had their firstborn killed as well. 
    • ALL of us are under the wrath of God unless we’re covered by the blood of sacrifice.  God perfectly shows forth His wrath, but God also perfectly makes His grace available to every man, woman, and child.  Are we covered by the blood of Jesus Christ?  That alone makes all the difference.

52 But He made His own people go forth like sheep, And guided them in the wilderness like a flock; 53 And He led them on safely, so that they did not fear; But the sea overwhelmed their enemies.

  • The “but” in vs 52 shows the contrast.  Egypt had been judged, but Israel had been graciously protected.  God led them as a Shepherd leading His flock.
  • Red Sea mentioned again.

54 And He brought them to His holy border, This mountain which His right hand had acquired. 55 He also drove out the nations before them, Allotted them an inheritance by survey, And made the tribes of Israel dwell in their tents.

  • We often think of the exodus ending at Mt. Sinai, but really the journey lasted from the moment they left Egypt to the moment they set foot in the promised land.  It should have been a short number of days, but the rebellion of Israel made it last 40 years while they wandered.  Yet in His grace, God still provided the promised land when Joshua led the people in conquest over the existing Canaanites.
  • Don’t miss the grace shown in the history of Israel!  True, the accounts of the OT show repeated sinfulness & rebellion against God.  The nation of Israel by & large was not a good example of faith, but a poor example that rebelled against God at every turn.  Repeatedly God had to chastise them…yet repeatedly God provided for them.  Repeatedly God brought them further along in their covenant promises.  Repeatedly God showed Himself to be faithful.  Too many times to number, Israel had sinned against God in such a way that the entire nation deserved to be blotted out of history, yet God preserved them & even took them into the land of promise though the land of promise was the LAST thing that they deserved.
    • Our God is a God of grace!
  • Israel’s rebellion in the promised land (vss. 56-58)

56 Yet they tested and provoked the Most High God, And did not keep His testimonies, 57 But turned back and acted unfaithfully like their fathers; They were turned aside like a deceitful bow. 58 For they provoked Him to anger with their high places, And moved Him to jealousy with their carved images.

  • Asaph lists out even more rebellion from the people of Israel.  Once they were in the land, they continued to test God.  God had been true to every promise of blessing, yet the people repeatedly engaged in false worship & idolatry.  They “provoked” God to anger & made Him jealous with a holy jealousy.
  • God’s discipline in the promised land (vss. 59-64)

59 When God heard this, He was furious, And greatly abhorred Israel, 60 So that He forsook the tabernacle of Shiloh, The tent He had placed among men, 61 And delivered His strength into captivity, And His glory into the enemy’s hand. 62 He also gave His people over to the sword, And was furious with His inheritance. 63 The fire consumed their young men, And their maidens were not given in marriage. 64 Their priests fell by the sword, And their widows made no lamentation.

  • Seems to be a reference to the Ichabod event in the beginning of 1 Samuel (1 Sam 4).  Eli had been the priest & his sons were corrupt & Eli did not (or could not) correct them.  This had followed upon generation after generation of the terrible cycle of the judges where the people would engage in idolatry, God would allow the enemies to overrun them, the people would repent, God would raise up a deliverer to free the people, and the cycle would start all over again.  The sons of Eli were basically engaging in the same thing, and God allowed the holy ark of God to be captured by the Philistines.  The ark was the visible representation of the throne of God & the place where God’s glory rested.  When the ark was captured, the glory departed (“Ichabod”).  Eli’s sons died in battle & Eli himself died upon hearing the news…it was a dark day in the history of Israel.
  • Again, God was “furious” with His people.  Terrifying thought!  Yet God did not stay angry forever – see vs. 65…
  • God’s compassion and promise (vss. 65-72)

65 Then the Lord awoke as from sleep, Like a mighty man who shouts because of wine. 66 And He beat back His enemies; He put them to a perpetual reproach. 67 Moreover He rejected the tent of Joseph, And did not choose the tribe of Ephraim, 68 But chose the tribe of Judah, Mount Zion which He loved. 69 And He built His sanctuary like the heights, Like the earth which He has established forever.

  • God delivered His people & raised up new leadership.  The “tent of Joseph” = the “tribe of Ephraim,” a reference to the northern tribes in general from which most of the judges came.  Instead of leadership from the north, God raised up new leadership in the south from the tribe of Judah.  This is looking forward to the Messianic promise, which Asaph will get to in a moment.
  • God also raised up a new place of worship.  The ark had departed the tabernacle of Shiloh, but God used David to bring it back to Jerusalem.  In addition, God allowed David the vision to build the temple, which would be completed under Solomon.

70 He also chose David His servant, And took him from the sheepfolds; 71 From following the ewes that had young He brought him, To shepherd Jacob His people, And Israel His inheritance.
72 So he shepherded them according to the integrity of his heart, And guided them by the skillfulness of his hands.

  • Finally, God also raised up a new king.  The most important part of rejecting Ephraim was raising up the king from the tribe of Judah, according to prophecy ().  And it wasn’t just any king – it was David!  David was the shepherd of Israel – the sweet psalmist – the man after God’s own heart.  What grace God gave to Israel.  After all the years of rebellion, God gave them a king that set the standard for all the kings to follow.
  • Even more than that, the shepherd king of David looks forward in anticipation to the Good Shepherd of King Jesus!  Without the covenant promises that God made to David regarding the house God would build for David & the everlasting kingdom, David would have been remembered as a good king, but nothing too special.  What made David unique was the covenant promises of Jesus Christ!

Had Israel failed?  Undoubtedly so…time & time again.  Yet God had been good.  He had been truly good!  God had been good beyond anyone’s wildest hopes and imaginations.  Instead of destroying the people, He allowed them to live.  Instead of forever casting away His people, He understood their weaknesses.  Instead of ignoring His people, He heard their cries – even when their repentance was short-lived.  Instead of letting them fade out of history, God gave them an everlasting covenant…shown first through a wonderful loving shepherd-king, and ultimately fulfilled through the Greatest Shepherd King the world will ever know: God Himself, Christ Jesus.

When looking back at the failings of Israel, Asaph was able to also gaze upon the grace of God and the promise of Jesus Christ.  How important it is for us to do the same.  We dare not forget the depths from which Jesus has brought us.  We dare not grow callous and forgetful to the promise of forgiveness.  As we look honestly at our past (and our present), we’re sobered to the fact that we still dwell with a sinful nature with which we fight against every day.  We’re made aware of the fact that we’re utterly dependent upon the grace of God every single day, and we cannot afford to take anything for granted.  Yet we’re also reminded of the wonderful, faithful love of our Lord & Savior who DOES forgive us! 

Perhaps some of you are tormented by the failings of your past or a current struggle.  Be honest with these things before the Lord, and bring yourself humbly to the feet of Christ acknowledging your dependency upon Him.  He is faithful to forgive, and faithful to give you the strength and grace you need to carry on.  Perhaps some of you have started taking your forgiveness for granted…may God give us the clarity of hindsight to view the sinfulness of our sins for what it truly is, so that we would never venture far from the cross of Christ.


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