Prayer from the Cross

Posted: February 2, 2012 in Psalms
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Psalm 69, “Prayer from the Cross”

Have you ever wondered what was going through the mind of Jesus as He hung upon the cross?  The New Testament records seven phrases that He uttered.  (1) “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?” Quoting Psalm 22 in anguish.  (2) “Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for Me, but weep for yourselves…” Prophesying about the coming tribulation.  (3) “Father forgive them, for they do not know what they do.” (4) “Assuredly, I say to you, today you will be with Me in Paradise.” (5) “Father into Your hands I commit My spirit.”  (6) “Woman, behold your son…”  (7) “It is finished!”

Each statement would have been laborious & painful for Jesus to utter while nailed to the cursed cross, and yet for what we do have specified for us, it’s only a snippet of what surely went through the mind of our Lord as He hung there in anguish.  Although that’s all we have in the NT, we have much more given to us in the OT, in the form of prophetic psalms – and that’s what we have before us in Psalm 69.  Apart from Psalm 22 (which also speaks of Jesus’ sufferings on the cross) and Psalm 110, it’s THE most quoted psalm in the NT…many lines directly referenced in the gospel accounts regarding the crucifixion.  There’s no doubt that this psalm is Messianic in nature, referring directly to the experiences and thoughts of our Lord Jesus.

We also know that this is a psalm of David.  Are there aspects of this psalm that can apply to David’s own life?  Surely.  David knew what it felt like to be abandoned & betrayed.  He knew what it was like to be desperate need of quick deliverance.  He was well-accustomed to praying for justice upon his enemies & promising his future praise of God.  Yet as much as we see David & the Messiah intertwined in other psalms, Psalm 69 seems to speak far more directly of the Lord Jesus – with David’s experience being either an afterthought or irrelevant altogether.  We cannot forget that as much as David was a king, he was also a mighty prophet – evidenced here & in many other psalms.  God used David as His instrument to write the thoughts of the Greater-than-David yet to come.

As David writes, we see the sufferings of Christ at the cross – we see the righteous wrath of Christ during the Tribulation – we see the glories of Christ in the Millennial kingdom.  How can we see so much?  Scholars often refer to “mountain peaks” of prophecy.  If we’re driving towards some mountain ranges, we might see several peaks in the distance – all them appearing to be rather close together.  Yet if we got up close to them, we’d find the mountains separated by miles & miles.  Likewise with much OT prophecy.  The prophetic authors looked forward in time through the Spirit and saw events that may have appeared close together in their perspective, but in reality would be separated by 2000+ years (as is the cross & the tribulation).  That appears to be the case here with Psalm 69.  David writes of the deep trials of Jesus, but also looks forward to that day when every knee will bow & every tongue confess that Jesus is Lord, to the glory of God the Father!

Psalm 69 (NKJV)
To the Chief Musician. Set to “The Lilies.” A Psalm of David.

  • The grief of Messiah (vss. 1-4)

1 Save me, O God! For the waters have come up to my neck. 2 I sink in deep mire, Where there is no standing; I have come into deep waters, Where the floods overflow me.

  • The imagery is obvious: the author is drowning & the situation is desperate.  There’s no place to rest his feet & he’s not going to be able to tread water forever.  He’s going to soon sink & face death.  The “deep” oceans were always a place of uncertainty and fear for the Hebrews, and it was common for them to use this type of language in describing their trials.  Jonah actually seems to reference this in literal application when he was in the belly of the fish.  Jonah 2:5, "The waters surrounded me, even to my soul; The deep closed around me; Weeds were wrapped around my head." []  Of course, Jonah also serves as a type of Christ in many ways – especially in his experience in the fish.  Jesus specifically referred to it as a sign of His own death, burial, and resurrection (Mt 12:39).  Jonah was overwhelmed & in the place of death & likewise so was Jesus when He went to the cross & was laid in the tomb.
  • What was the prayer?  “Save me, O God!”  Short, yet to the point!  What the author needed was salvation/deliverance from his trial.  Question: “If Ps 69 is basically from the lips of Jesus, how can Jesus say that He needs salvation?”  Obviously Jesus is not speaking of spiritual salvation as you & I would do – He’s asking for physical deliverance from His trial & from His enemies.  Just as a drowning man reaches out his hand to grab a life-vest, so the Son of Man called out for help from His Heavenly Father.  That doesn’t speak of any insufficiency in the divine Christ, but simply affirms the humanity of Jesus in His incarnation.  Jesus cried out to God for help – just like any of us would do the same.
  • Ever feel like your drowning in your trials?  Do you ever feel completely overwhelmed and unable to face your circumstances?  Take heart – Jesus understands the way you feel!  Our Lord is not one who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses; He can relate to everything we endure because He endured it as well! 
    • And what did Jesus do?  Cry out to God.  There’s our example!  Too often when Christians feel overwhelmed, they pull back from fellowship & run & hide in their house, or try to drown out their trials with TV, internet, drink, or other things.  They start running back to the way they used to live outside of Christ, rather than running TO Christ in prayer.  Our God is the Living God!  He is available to hear and to deliver.  Cry out to Him & run to HIM in your trial.  You may only be able to utter the words, “Save me, O God!” yet that is enough when cried out in faith through Christ Jesus!

3 I am weary with my crying; My throat is dry; My eyes fail while I wait for my God.

  • The singer of the psalm experienced deep & intense grief.  He knew what it was like to suffer while waiting upon the Lord to answer prayer.  Question: could Jesus have actually known this?  Absolutely, yes.  That was the whole point when He called out “Eloi, Eloi, Lama sabacthani – My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?” (quoting from Psalm 22)  Jesus was doing far more than making a simple theological statement upon the cross; He was crying out in anguish in physical and spiritual suffering.  The One who had experienced perfect fellowship with the Father from eternal past had for the 1st time experienced any sort of separation from God due to sin.  Jesus bore our sin upon the cross & indeed He truly became sin on the cross – thus God the Father turned His furious righteous wrath upon Christ.  Truly it would have seemed as if God the Father had forsaken God the Son & the Son was weeping as He waited for His God.

4 Those who hate me without a cause Are more than the hairs of my head; They are mighty who would destroy me, Being my enemies wrongfully; Though I have stolen nothing, I still must restore it.

  • Jesus had innumerable enemies – they were “more than the hairs of my head.”  Obviously, this is a bit of hyperbole, but it makes the point clear.  There were a lot of people who hated Christ!  He came unto His own, but His own received Him not (John 1:11).  He was rejected by the Jews, and hated by the world.  The very multitudes that had witnessed His healings & sang His praises on Palm Sunday called for His death by crucifixion by Passover, 4 days later.
    • Even today, multitudes of people truly hate Christ Jesus.  It’s not merely that they disbelieve His identity and promises, but they truly despise the very mention of the name: Jesus.  Some spit upon the ground just as the Pharisees spat upon His face.  There is a revulsion against the One who has been revealed as the Lord because people continue to rebel against the King.
  • Jesus had powerful enemies – “they are mighty who would destroy me.”  People of all sorts hated Christ, including the powerful leaders of the Jewish nation.  The Pharisees and Sadducees usually fought against each other, but they were united in their hatred and fear of Christ.  And of course, beyond the human enemies, there is Satan himself who would have liked nothing better than Jesus’ humiliation and defeat.
    • Yet the good news is that Christ is still Christ!  He may have had powerful enemies, but Jesus is infinitely more powerful than them all!  He is the Lord God, and there is no match against Him!
  • Jesus had undeserved enemies – they hated Him “without a cause” & were His “enemies wrongfully.”  Jesus had done nothing to earn the hatred of the Pharisees; He simply taught the truth, which any Pharisee truly seeking the Lord God should have been able to acknowledge (like Nicodemus).  Even Judas had no reason to hate the Lord Jesus, as Jesus loved him even to the end.  Jesus quoted this verse about Himself (Jn 15:25) in referring to the world’s hatred of Him & the expectation of persecution upon disciples of Christ.  The world hates Jesus because He exposes sin for what it is, and He shows Himself as the answer and the Lord.
  • The reproach of Messsiah (vss. 5-12)

5 O God, You know my foolishness; And my sins are not hidden from You.

  • Obviously David could write these words in a way much more relatable to us today.  His sins & foolishness (like our own) is well known to the Lord – it cannot be hidden from His sight.  (Which makes it so interesting that people TRY to hide their sins from God.  It’s not as if God can be fooled.  The only real response we can have to God in our sin is humility, confession, and repentance.  He knows what we’ve done – it’s not a matter of trying to hide it from Him; it’s a matter of dealing with it through His grace.)
  • Yet even Jesus could still sing these words.  Obviously He did not sin Himself, but this is the essence of the substitution that Jesus made for us at the cross.  2 Corinthians 5:21, "For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him." []  Jesus had not sinned, but Jesus was YOUR sin & MY sin.  He took all the sin of all the world throughout all time upon Himself when He hung upon the cross.  Truly God the Father knew it all, and nothing was hidden from Him.  Indeed, the full wrath of God fell upon Jesus because of our sin.  He bore the reproach of God because of us.
    • Beware of becoming calloused to the sufferings Jesus endured for you because of your sin.  We can talk about the cross so often that perhaps we begin to take some of it for granted.  As if Jesus ought to have been expected to serve as our substitute at the cross – as if we deserve to have had the Son of God stand in our place.  Perish the thought!  That was MY cross – that was YOUR cross.  The wrath of God SHOULD have been ours.  Every one of us ought to have been experiencing the infinite unfathomable wrath of God from the moment of our very first sin against Him…that would have been justice!  Yet that’s not what happened.  Inconceivably, the Son of God Himself left His place of glory and took the punishment I deserved.  He stood in my place & He stood in your place.  What you should have received, He willingly bore in abundance.  And He didn’t just do it for you, but He did it for the entire race of humanity.  Never become calloused to that!  Remember it with broken and grateful hearts.

6 Let not those who wait for You, O Lord GOD of hosts, be ashamed because of me; Let not those who seek You be confounded because of me, O God of Israel.

  • From David’s perspective, he surely didn’t want people to stumble because of his own sufferings.  He didn’t want those who were seeking the Lord to wonder, “Why isn’t the Lord blessing David?  Maybe God isn’t worthy to be trusted.  Or maybe David wasn’t truly loved by the Lord.”  Or any other confusing nonsense that can erupt when people don’t understand the Lord’s will in a specific situation. …
  • From Jesus’ perspective, it’s easy to see this from the aspect of the cross.  Although the OT is filled with prophecies regarding the suffering Messiah in His 1st coming, the Jews had a difficult time reconciling that with the prophecies of the glories of the Messiah in His 2nd coming.  They expected the Messiah to rule & reign & kick out the Romans as they looked for an immediate earthly kingdom.  Yet here Jesus was, hanging upon the cross in perfect fulfillment of prophecy, but still confusing for many.  After all, even His disciples were confused & afraid & many went into hiding for days, being unwilling to believe the initial reports about Jesus’ resurrection.
  • Even before Jesus ever went to the cross, there was confusion about His ministry.  When John the Baptist was imprisoned, his disciples were asking Jesus if Jesus was truly the Messiah, wondering if John got his ministry right.  Jesus pointed to the proof of the kingdom miracles & said, “Blessed is he who is not offended because of Me.” (Mt 11:6)  People today are scandalized by Christ – offended by Christ – confused by Christ.  They witness His miracles & want to contain His power – they hear His teaching & want to put aside His words – they see His compassion & want to ignore His confrontation of sin.  Those who are not confused by Christ are those who do not attempt to compartmentalize Christ.  Instead of trying to make Him fit into our boxes & our agendas, we are the ones who are to humble ourselves before Him & simply receive Him for Who He is.

7 Because for Your sake I have borne reproach; Shame has covered my face.

  • Notice the “Your” – this will be common throughout Psalm 69.  Ultimately David (and Jesus) know that it’s because of the will of God that He suffers at the moment. 

8 I have become a stranger to my brothers, And an alien to my mother’s children; 9 Because zeal for Your house has eaten me up, And the reproaches of those who reproach You have fallen on me.

  • The reason the psalmist suffered so much reproach?  Because He was passionate for the things of God.  Whether it was the abandonment of friends or family, the psalmist was completely dedicated to the worship and glory of God, and He bore reproach to that end.  (Those who have had friends leave them upon your conversion can relate to a bit!)
  • Verse 9 is referenced by John in regards to the 1st cleansing of the temple.  Jesus had made a whip of cords & drove all of the moneychangers out of the temple.  John 2:17, "Then His disciples remembered that it was written, “Zeal for Your house has eaten Me up.”" []  Question: Knowing that Jesus was about to do away with the temple system, why was it such a big deal to Him?  Let me suggest two reasons:
    • First, the system had been given by God, and thus it was good.  The earthly version may have been temporary, but the Bible affirms that the earthly things were just a copy of the heavenly tabernacle.  God’s throne room is apparently very much like the original tabernacle revealed to Moses.  Jesus obviously would not want to see that defiled and cheapened by the sinful greed of man.
    • Second, the earthly temple foreshadowed the Church age in which the Church is the temple of the Holy Spirit.  We don’t worship God at a temple today because WE are the temple of God.  God desires purity in His temple, just as God desires purity in US.  It’s not that Jesus had a zeal about stones & walls, but Jesus has a zeal for the holiness of God, and that was to be reflected in His temple (be it the OT structure or the NT Church.)

10 When I wept and chastened my soul with fasting, That became my reproach. 11 I also made sackcloth my garment; I became a byword to them. 12 Those who sit in the gate speak against me, And I am the song of the drunkards.

  • The psalmist was humble, but his humility was derided by the arrogant and sinful.  We have no record where either David or Jesus put on literal sackcloth – but the expression is common in reference to humbling oneself before the Lord.  With Jesus, we see an instance at the cross that seems to fit this circumstance well when in the midst of Jesus’ sufferings, the chief priests mock Him & tell Him to take Himself down from the cross if He really is the Son of God (Mt 27:41-43). 
  • Prayer for deliverance (vss. 13-21)

13 But as for me, my prayer is to You, O LORD, in the acceptable time; O God, in the multitude of Your mercy, Hear me in the truth of Your salvation.

  • Upon whom does the psalmist call?  The LORD!  Whether David or Jesus, each has his hope in the covenant keeping faithful LORD God.
    • Trusts in God’s timing.  God’s timing is absolutely perfect in every circumstance.  Why?  Because God knows the end from the beginning.  He is outside of time & absolutely omniscient over everything that takes place.  We can trust the timing of God, even if we don’t understand it.
    • Trusts in God’s mercy.  This is a reference to the faithful loyal love of God.  God will always keep His promises – God will always act in accordance with His character and nature.  We can entrust ourselves to the faithful love and covenant promises of God in Christ Jesus.
    • Trusts in God’s truth & salvation – basically referencing His work.  The psalmist knows that God will hear his prayer for deliverance because God is a God who delivers.  Our God saves!  We can trust His saving work because that is simply what He does.

14 Deliver me out of the mire, And let me not sink; Let me be delivered from those who hate me, And out of the deep waters. 15 Let not the floodwater overflow me, Nor let the deep swallow me up; And let not the pit shut its mouth on me.

  • This is the response to vss. 1-3.  The psalm began with the complaint that he was sinking into the mire; now he’s praying to be delivered out of it.  Basically, he’s asking to be delivered from death.  Whether the image is of the water flooding over him, the deep swallowing him, or the pit shutting its mouth, it’s all a reference to death and the grave.
  • Question: Was this prayer answered by the Lord?  Yes – in the resurrection!  Jesus did indeed go into the grave, and thus the pit did “shut its mouth” upon Him, but it did not remain shut.  Three days later, Jesus walked out of the tomb on His own accord & power!  This was the perfect deliverance of God!

16 Hear me, O LORD, for Your lovingkindness is good; Turn to me according to the multitude of Your tender mercies. 17 And do not hide Your face from Your servant, For I am in trouble; Hear me speedily. 18 Draw near to my soul, and redeem it; Deliver me because of my enemies.

  • Come quickly!  The psalmist certainly trusts the timing of God, but he can also pray without hesitation that God would help him quickly.  That’s not contradiction; that’s simply faith.
  • Come & redeem! Of course, that’s the whole point of Jesus’ sacrifice upon the cross – He serves as the redemption for all mankind.

19 You know my reproach, my shame, and my dishonor; My adversaries are all before You. 20 Reproach has broken my heart, And I am full of heaviness; I looked for someone to take pity, but there was none; And for comforters, but I found none. 21 They also gave me gall for my food, And for my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

  • Describing the reproach that the psalmist suffered at the hands of his enemies.  All had abandoned him – no comforters could be found.  What little comfort that was offered was actually bitter & deadly (gall was a type of poison.)
  • Of course, there’s no doubt this describes Jesus.  Vs. 20 describes how He was abandoned by all – even His disciples scattered from Him when the shepherd was struck (Mt. 26:31).  Vs. 21 is a direct reference to the cross as Jesus was literally offered gall and vinegar to drink as a way of quenching a little thirst & deadening the pain.
  • We’re so familiar with the crucifixion account that sometimes we forget that this was the Son of God who went through all of this.  This is the Word of God who lived in inexpressible glory from before time came into existence.  GOD was disgraced and dishonored and reproached by the ones who ought to have been glorifying Him.  The humiliation Jesus endured is truly beyond our comprehension.  Yet as the author of Hebrews reminds us, for the joy that was set before Him, Jesus endured the cross, despising the shame, and now has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God. (Heb 12:2)  This is a God who is worthy of our passionate worship & gratitude!
  • Imprecatory prayer (vss. 22-28).

22 Let their table become a snare before them, And their well-being a trap. 23 Let their eyes be darkened, so that they do not see; And make their loins shake continually. 24 Pour out Your indignation upon them, And let Your wrathful anger take hold of them. 25 Let their dwelling place be desolate; Let no one live in their tents.

  • Trap them.  Use their own devices & comforts against them.
  • Frighten them.  Let them be terrified at the holiness of God to where they shake in their boots.  (Quoted by Paul in reference to the blindness upon the Jewish nation – Rom 11:9-10)
  • Punish them.  Pour out holy indignation & wrathful anger.
  • Erase them.  Wipe them out of history as their tents & dwelling places remain desolate.  (This was quoted by Peter in reference to Judas – Acts 1:20)
  • Objection: “This doesn’t exactly seem like a prayer of Jesus!  Whatever happened to “Father forgive them, for they do not know what they’re doing?”  Not a thing.  We need to remember that Jesus is indeed loving and compassionate, but He is also righteous and will one day pour out His wrath upon those who remain in rebellion against Him.  This is not a contradiction for Jesus; this is simply another part of His Person.  It’s not that Jesus’ compassion is any less present upon the cross; it’s simply the fact that for those who reject Jesus, there will be another side of Christ that they will see: Jesus as the Judge.  It’s probably best to think of this section as moving forward in time (mountain peaks of prophecy) from the cross to the end of the tribulation – from Mt. Calvary to the Plain of Armageddon.  Jesus has provided for forgiveness at the cross & resurrection, but those who reject Him will experience in unrelenting judgment instead.

26 For they persecute the ones You have struck, And talk of the grief of those You have wounded.

  • Notice who did the striking & wounding: God.  Jesus was surrounded by enemies & bore the reproach of many for the Lord’s sake.  Jesus was about to be swallowed up by death, but was it the enemy who was the ultimate cause of Jesus’ suffering?  No…it was God the Father.  This was the perfect plan of God from before the foundation of the world that Jesus would suffer for the sin of mankind & pay the wages of sin (planned before man even had been created, much less ever fallen into sin).  Isaiah 53:10, "Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise Him; He has put Him to grief. When You make His soul an offering for sin, He shall see His seed, He shall prolong His days, And the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in His hand." []  It was the LORD who bruised Christ!  This was the plan of God, done according to the glory of God, that you & I might be saved.  What amazing love!
  • God struck Christ, but the enemies of Christ added insult to injury.  They further persecuted Him & grieved Him.  They mocked Him at the cross, they mock Him today, they will continue to mock Him into the tribulation.  The Bible is clear that men will continue in blasphemies until the very moment of Jesus’ 2nd coming in power and glory.

27 Add iniquity to their iniquity, And let them not come into Your righteousness. 28 Let them be blotted out of the book of the living, And not be written with the righteous.

  • Talking about final judgment.  For those who remain in enmity against God, let them stay that way throughout all eternity.  Those who choose to reject Christ will remain out of the book of life and depart to eternal destruction.
  • Objection: “But what about all of the promises of grace & forgiveness?  Surely God hasn’t taken those away?!”  Of course He hasn’t.  Yet there WILL come a day in which the opportunity to repent will be no more.  The only moment we’re guaranteed to have is the immediate present.  If you’re breathing right now, then right now is your opportunity to repent & place your faith & trust in Christ.  God has been more than abundant in His mercies by giving you THIS much time in which to repent.  But tomorrow is not guaranteed.  Eventually there will come a day for everyone outside of Christ in which they will no longer have the opportunity to be “written with the righteous.
    • Don’t waste your opportunity!  God loves you so much!  Jesus endured so much for you!  He could not have gone to greater measures than what He already did.  Turn to Christ tonight & cast yourself upon His tender mercies while they are available!
  • Future promises of praise & glory (vss. 29-36)

29 But I am poor and sorrowful; Let Your salvation, O God, set me up on high.

  • From suffering to glory!  Jesus went from utter humiliation to incredible glory.  He’s been given the name which is above every name!  One day, every knee will bow & every tongue confess as we sing and proclaim the glories of the risen Lord Jesus.

30 I will praise the name of God with a song, And will magnify Him with thanksgiving.

  • Not only will we praise God, but the Son also proclaims the praises of the Father.
  • Notice the future tense here.  During the present time, the psalmist was suffering, but there is a promise of praise, because the deliverance of God is never in doubt.  The initial prayer was “Save me, O God!” and there’s no question that this prayer will be answered.  The psalmist WILL be lifted out of the mire.  The death that closes over the singer will not remain so – the deliverance of God will come & the psalmist will live to sing the praises of God.  (And that’s exactly what’s happened in the resurrection!)

31 This also shall please the LORD better than an ox or bull, Which has horns and hooves.

  • Contrast with the praise and thanksgiving offered by the psalmist.  Heartfelt praise is far better to God than any ritualistic superficial sacrifice.
  • There may even be a hint at the idea of the author of Hebrews that Jesus’ perfect sacrifice supersedes any offering of bulls & goats.

32 The humble shall see this and be glad; And you who seek God, your hearts shall live.

  • The gospel in a nutshell!  The humble see the sacrifice of Christ & are glad, seek God & live as a result.  J

33 For the LORD hears the poor, And does not despise His prisoners. 34 Let heaven and earth praise Him, The seas and everything that moves in them.

  • Praise the Living Creator God!  God hears His people & God moves in response to the humble cries of those who serve Him.

35 For God will save Zion And build the cities of Judah, That they may dwell there and possess it. 36 Also, the descendants of His servants shall inherit it, And those who love His name shall dwell in it.

  • Millennial promises.  Obviously in the height of David’s reign, he was not concerned about God saving Zion & the people of God possessing it…after all, they were already there!  Some scholars place these lines at a later writing, perhaps during the years of captivity.  Yet there’s no reason to assume that David wasn’t looking into the Millennial years, just as he looked into the crucifixion & tribulation.
  • In the millennium, God fulfills promises to the Jews – to the Gentile – to ALL those who love the name of the Lord!  How we look forward to that day!

Jesus suffered at the cross, but Jesus could look beyond the cross into the eternal glory of God!  What an amazing thing that He went there for you & me & the entire world.  He was rejected by the world, but He served as the substitution for the world.  He was stricken by His Father, but He could cry out to His Father in faith.  He could offer prayers for forgiveness for all, yet still pray for the ultimate wrath and judgment of God.  Our Lord Jesus is truly amazing in His work!

So what is your response to this?  Prayerfully, it’s one of gratefulness & worship!  It ought to be impossible for a born-again believer to hear of the work of Christ & not abound in praise.  The heavens & seas praise God – how much more ought the believers who have been purchased by the Redeemer?  Be amazed at your wonderful Savior & in awe at His mighty work.

And beyond that – may we follow the example of Christ in trusting the Lord during our trials.  Jesus did not shrink away from the Father when His eyes failed while waiting upon God; Jesus cried out all the more.  May we do the same!  We ought to be quick to fall to our knees in prayer, casting ourselves upon the good lovingkindness of God & the multitudes of His tender mercies.  We can trust in His faithfulness & we can depend upon His righteous work.

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