Deliverance: Before/After

Posted: September 28, 2011 in Psalms

Psalms 17-18, “Deliverance: Before/After”

We’ve all seen the infomercials with the “before/after” pictures.  Sometimes it’s great to get a similar sort of idea when it comes to prayer.  We so often share our prayer requests with other people (the “before”), but we don’t always come back around to share how God answered that prayer (the “after”).  Some people use prayer journals for this specific purpose – it’s good to see how God answers prayer.

In a sense, that’s what we see in Psalms 17-18.  We aren’t told the exact circumstances with either one of these psalms.  The superscription titles tell us that one is a prayer & the other was written towards the end of David’s life (as we’ll see) – but that’s really all of the background we’re given.  Yet when we read the psalms themselves we find that Ps 17 is a prayer for deliverance, and Ps 18 is a praise for how God had indeed delivered.  It’s the before/after shot.

How are we to go before God when asking for deliverance?  What does a person do when placing their trust in the Lord?  (Ps 17)  And after God answers, how do we give thanks & praise?  (Ps 18)  Of course ultimately we find our deliverance in our Deliverer, the Lord Jesus Christ – and both psalms speak of His marvelous work!


Psalm 17 (NKJV): Prayer for future deliverance
A Prayer of David.

  • Plea for an audience (vss. 1-2)

1 Hear a just cause, O LORD, Attend to my cry; Give ear to my prayer which is not from deceitful lips. 2 Let my vindication come from Your presence; Let Your eyes look on the things that are upright.

  • Like a plaintiff going before a judge, David is pleading his case before God.  All along he underscores the idea that he is a person with a legitimate case, with the need for God to act.  Notice the parallelism: “just cause” – “not from deceitful lips” – needs “vindication” – look upon the “upright.”  Whatever the situation in which David found himself, he is absolutely convinced that he is in the right & that his enemy is acting unjustly towards him.  Thus he desperately needs God to act according to God’s own justice.
  • We can go to God with injustices & trust Him to act justly.  There are many things that take place in this world that seem to have no answer.  But God WILL act in His righteousness.  He is the righteous King & every sin & every injustice finds its answer in Him.
  • Declaration of innocence (vss. 3-5)

3 You have tested my heart; You have visited me in the night; You have tried me and have found nothing; I have purposed that my mouth shall not transgress. 4 Concerning the works of men, By the word of Your lips, I have kept away from the paths of the destroyer. 5 Uphold my steps in Your paths, That my footsteps may not slip.

  • David certainly claims to be innocent in this particular case (he wasn’t always innocent in every case!), but David has more to rely upon than his own testimony.  God Himself had “tested” David.  Thus David can confidently proclaim his own innocence because GOD proclaims his innocence.
    • Keep in mind that’s exactly what we can do when we have been forgiven by Jesus!
  • In what ways had David been pure & innocent?  In words (“my mouth shall not transgress”) & in deeds (“kept away from the paths of the destroyer”).  Whether it was speaking evil (which would have demonstrated the evil in his heart), or actually performing some sort of evil, David had been innocent this time.
  • Notice the method by which David had been kept pure: he was in the word of God.  “By the word of Your lips… Uphold my steps in Your paths…”  God’s word keeps us pure & in the paths of His righteousness.  Psalm 119:11, "Your word I have hidden in my heart, That I might not sin against You." []
  • Plea for help/deliverance (vss. 6-8)

6 I have called upon You, for You will hear me, O God; Incline Your ear to me, and hear my speech. 7 Show Your marvelous lovingkindness by Your right hand, O You who save those who trust in You From those who rise up against them. 8 Keep me as the apple of Your eye; Hide me under the shadow of Your wings,

  • David can call upon God because David has a covenant relationship with God.   All of his requests of God are based upon the loyal love that God had already shown him.  “Lovingkindness” = chesed = favor, covenantal love, etc.
  • How is this relationship described?
    • Right hand: position of favor
    • Apple of God’s eye: the pupil – the object of God’s gaze
    • Shadow of His wings: the place of protection
  • Detailing the problem: ambush! (vss. 9-12)

9 From the wicked who oppress me, From my deadly enemies who surround me. 10 They have closed up their fat hearts; With their mouths they speak proudly. 11 They have now surrounded us in our steps; They have set their eyes, crouching down to the earth, 12 As a lion is eager to tear his prey, And like a young lion lurking in secret places.

  • The enemies have been waiting to attack!  They’ve “surrounded” him – they’ve spoken against him – they’ve acted against him.  Like a lion just looking for a moment of weakness in its prey, the enemies of David were searching for the opportune moment to strike.
  • Who does this sound like?  Our own enemy, the Devil!  This is exactly how the NT describes him.  1 Peter 5:8–9, "(8) Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil walks about like a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour. (9) Resist him, steadfast in the faith, knowing that the same sufferings are experienced by your brotherhood in the world." []
  • Take this back to Jesus, the greater-than-David.  Did He have enemies just waiting to attack Him?  Yes.  Even once the Devil failed in the Wilderness Temptation, Satan left Jesus alone merely to wait for another time (Lk 4:13).  Once Jesus was arrested, beaten, and nailed to the cross, Satan had a field day mocking our Lord & through the Pharisees (and others) spoke proudly against the God who created him.  Of course the good news is that although Satan had at one point seemed to have Jesus surrounded, Satan could not win the battle.  Jesus had the final word when He rose from the grave!
  • Call to arms/plea for action (vss. 13-14)

13 Arise, O LORD, Confront him, cast him down; Deliver my life from the wicked with Your sword, 14 With Your hand from men, O LORD, From men of the world who have their portion in this life, And whose belly You fill with Your hidden treasure. They are satisfied with children, And leave the rest of their possession for their babes.

  • Remember “Arise O LORD” is the battle cry found throughout the Psalms.  David is desperately calling upon God to act in His mighty power as the Commander of the Heavenly Host & the armies of the Lord.  Notice all of the action words here: Arise – Confront – Cast down – Deliver.  At this point David does not seek to simply find quiet solace in the Lord (though there is a time & place for that); instead David is fervently calling upon the Lord to act! 
    • Sometimes we simply need action!  When Peter walked for a brief moment on the water to Jesus, his faith faltered & started to sink.  At that moment, Peter didn’t take the time to launch into the Lord’s Prayer (though it’s a good prayer!), nor did he spend time meditating on the word of God (which is valuable) – he simply cried out “Lord, save me!” (Mt 14:30)  What Peter needed was immediate action, and he had complete faith that Jesus was able to provide it.  That hasn’t changed with us.  Granted, there may not always be times that we understand HOW the Lord is acting (perhaps we just don’t see it), but may we never hesitate to call upon the Lord to act!  He is the Living God & fully capable of the action that is required!  Perhaps sometimes we don’t see that action simply because we don’t truly ask for it in the 1st place.
  • God WILL act on behalf of His people.  He already has… He will continue to do so…
  • David contrasts himself with his enemies.  David sought the Lord; the others sought their own possessions & blessings of the physical life.  David understood that what was far more valuable than the physical are those things which are eternal.
  • Declaration of faith (vs. 15)

15 As for me, I will see Your face in righteousness; I shall be satisfied when I awake in Your likeness.

  • Note the unwavering faith here.  There’s no doubt in David’s writings.  He’s asked for God’s help & deliverance, and David is absolutely assured that he will receive it.  “I will see Your face…I shall be satisfied when I awake…”  All future tense because it’s all going to happen in the future.  God will deliver David & David will gaze upon the face of God.
  • That’s just as true for us as it is for David.  Through Jesus Christ, we can be absolutely assured of our deliverance – our salvation.  We WILL see the face of God in righteousness.  We WILL one day awake & gaze upon the “likeness” of God.
    • Trust the work of the Lord!  He will see it to completion!


Psalm 18 (NKJV): Praise for past deliverance
To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David The Servant of the LORD, Who Spoke to the LORD The Words of This Song on the Day that the LORD Delivered Him from the Hand of All His Enemies and from the Hand of Saul. And He Said:

  • The words of psalm 18 almost directly mirror that of 2 Samuel 22.  The interesting aspect of this is the time period in David’s life that this was written.  At 1st glance from the superscription, it would appear this was written early in David’s reign as king, after he was delivered from King Saul.  Yet from its placement at the end of 2 Samuel, and the note of being delivered from the hand of “all his enemies,” it seems that this was written towards the end of his life.  (Indeed, the only thing that follows this song in 2 Sam 22 are David’s last words, and the account of the census.)  Thus this was written after Saul – after Absalom – after the myriads of people who had betrayed him.  David is looking back over his life & praising God for how God had always shown Himself faithful in deliverance.
  • Prelude. Declaration that God is Covenant Protector (vss. 1-3)

1 I will love You, O LORD, my strength. 2 The LORD is my rock and my fortress and my deliverer; My God, my strength, in whom I will trust; My shield and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold. 3 I will call upon the LORD, who is worthy to be praised; So shall I be saved from my enemies.

  • Three times in three verses David calls God by His covenant name: Yahweh (LORD).  There’s no doubt whom David’s trust is in – there is no mistaking whom David loves.  It is none other than the Great “I AM” – the Sovereign Protector of Israel, and the Covenant-Keeping God of the Bible.
  • Who is God to David?  He is David’s: Strength – Rock – Fortress – Deliverer – Trust – Shield – Horn of Salvation – Stronghold…  It’s as if David is attempting to think of every possible description of the might, safety, assurance, and holiness of God.  God is everything when it comes to salvation!
    • Who is God to you?  If God doesn’t provide everything in your salvation, then you can’t truly be assured of anything in your salvation.  It comes from His hands, based upon His work.  It’s not Jesus on the cross + us…it’s just Jesus!
  • Is God worthy of praise?  You bet!  Because of everything He has proven Himself to be – because of everything He has already done, God is most worthy of every ounce of praise we can give Him!
  • David’s troubles: death (vss. 4-6)

4 The pangs of death surrounded me, And the floods of ungodliness made me afraid. 5 The sorrows of Sheol surrounded me; The snares of death confronted me.

  • Death had often awaited David.  Sometimes it was through the hands of his declared enemies; sometimes it was through the hand of his own family.  David was a man that lived under constant attack.  Poetically, he describes it as pangs (cords), floods, sorrows, and snares.  Death was a trap that awaited him, and if the Lord had not acted on David’s behalf, it would have taken him long ago.

6 In my distress I called upon the LORD, And cried out to my God; He heard my voice from His temple, And my cry came before Him, even to His ears.

  • Ever feel overwhelmed?  Ever feel like the enemy is rushing over you like a flood?  What do you do?  As a born-again believer in Jesus Christ you’ve got the same option that David had: you can cry out to the Lord.  David called & God heard.
  • We can be sure that our God hears us!  Even if we don’t know what to pray, we can take even our distresses before the Lord, and the Holy Spirit who indwells us will pray on our behalf. Romans 8:26–27, "(26) Likewise the Spirit also helps in our weaknesses. For we do not know what we should pray for as we ought, but the Spirit Himself makes intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered. (27) Now He who searches the hearts knows what the mind of the Spirit is, because He makes intercession for the saints according to the will of God." []
  • Demonstration of God’s power & glory in history (vss. 7-15)

7 Then the earth shook and trembled; The foundations of the hills also quaked and were shaken, Because He was angry. 8 Smoke went up from His nostrils, And devouring fire from His mouth; Coals were kindled by it.

  • What was God’s response when He heard David’s cry?  It was massive!  What an incredible display of power!  The earth shook & God showed forth His anger.  As a dragon would spew forth fire in his rage, so God’s wrath poured forth.  Very picturesque description of God’s glory & God’s wrath.
  • Don’t miss out on the idea that this was being poured forth on David’s behalf.  God loves His children, and He is never blind to our suffering!  Addressing the persecuted church at Smyrna, Jesus could affirm that He knew their works, tribulation, and poverty (Rev 2:9) – addressing the Tribulation martyrs, Jesus could affirm that eventually their blood would be avenged (Rev 6:11).  God sees us in our distress & God is not indifferent to it all!  God’s wrath is aroused when His children suffer on His behalf, and He will pour out His judgment in His good time.

9 He bowed the heavens also, and came down With darkness under His feet. 10 And He rode upon a cherub, and flew; He flew upon the wings of the wind. 11 He made darkness His secret place; His canopy around Him was dark waters And thick clouds of the skies. 12 From the brightness before Him, His thick clouds passed with hailstones and coals of fire.

  • When God moves, even the heavens cower before Him.  The angels and even the whole universe is subservient to God!
  • The exact reference here is unknown.  Prophetically, David had seen God move in some way (he was obviously inspired by the Holy Spirit to write of it).  Perhaps this was in reference to some trial David endured – perhaps this was in reference to the creation of the world – it even calls to mind some of the imagery that surrounds Jesus’ 2nd coming on Judgment Day.  Whatever the exact situation, the point is clear: this is a powerful God!  This is not a God that is created from wood or gold out of the imaginations of men; this is the one true God that holds the entire universe the palm of His hand.  THIS is the God that David serves – THIS is the God that we serve – THIS is the God that heard David’s cry – THIS is the God that hears our cries as well!

13 The LORD thundered from heaven, And the Most High uttered His voice, Hailstones and coals of fire. 14 He sent out His arrows and scattered the foe, Lightnings in abundance, and He vanquished them. 15 Then the channels of the sea were seen, The foundations of the world were uncovered At Your rebuke, O LORD, At the blast of the breath of Your nostrils.

  • The description of the power & wrath of God continues with the description of God’s voice.  It thunders forth.
  • God even supernaturally takes part in the battle.  Shooting forth arrows of lightning & cannonballs of hailstones, God vanquishes the enemy.  The very breath of His nostrils is described as a war-horse.  This was seen throughout Israel’s history.  It seems the David is even referencing the plagues of God upon Egypt & the deliverance through the Red Sea – at the very least, the imagery is the same.  God goes to war on behalf of His people, and He shows His power & His glory & His wrath.  There’s no doubt this is exactly what the world will witness when Jesus returns on His white horse with a sword proceeding from His mouth as He forever vanquishes His enemies!
  • Description of God’s deliverance of David (vss. 16-19)

16 He sent from above, He took me; He drew me out of many waters. 17 He delivered me from my strong enemy, From those who hated me, For they were too strong for me. 18 They confronted me in the day of my calamity, But the LORD was my support.

  • Notice the change to the 1st person.  David moves the description of God’s salvation & deliverance among the nation of Israel in the past to how God had delivered David throughout his life.  
  • Did David’s enemies go away?  No – but David did not face them alone.  God was his support, and his enemies were no match for God!
    • If God is for us, who can be against us? (Rom 8:31)

19 He also brought me out into a broad place; He delivered me because He delighted in me.

  • Don’t miss that last phrase!  God’s salvation is based upon His love.  “He delivered me because He delighted in me.”  Has God delighted in you?  That’s how you can be assured of His deliverance.  How can you know if God has delighted in you?  If you are found in God’s own Son!  When you place your faith in Christ Jesus, you are clothed in Jesus’ righteousness & God sees you as He sees His only Son, with whom He is well pleased.
  • How God interacts with His people (vss. 20-30)

20 The LORD rewarded me according to my righteousness; According to the cleanness of my hands He has recompensed me. 21 For I have kept the ways of the LORD, And have not wickedly departed from my God. 22 For all His judgments were before me, And I did not put away His statutes from me. 23 I was also blameless before Him, And I kept myself from my iniquity. 24 Therefore the LORD has recompensed me according to my righteousness, According to the cleanness of my hands in His sight.

  • This can seem pretty arrogant coming from David’s mouth…especially at the end of his life!  How could David claim “my righteousness” or “blamelessness” at all?!  After all, this is a man who had lied about his adultery & sent a man to be murdered on the battlefield.  This is a man who ignored family tragedies of incest & violence, and suffered the betrayal of his son.  This is a man who demonstrated a lack of faith in God when he commanded a census of the land outside of the will of God.  How could David possibly claim this sort of innocence & blamelessness?  Simple: he had experience the forgiveness and cleansing of God.  When Jesus forgives us, we are truly forgiven!
  • So does God reward us based on our work?  Yes & no.  We certainly do not earn our own salvation; Jesus earned our salvation through His work & He graciously gives us to us when we place our faith & trust in Him.  Yet God will reward us at the Bema Seat judgment based upon our works while in the body.  That’s not a judgment of salvation, but of reward.   Regarding David, he could claim to be rewarded not because David had cleansed himself, but because GOD had cleansed him.
    • (Carson) “This is not salvation by works, for David is already the Lord’s, but blessing through obedience, which is still the position of the redeemed.”
  • Keep in mind that the psalms eventually point to Jesus Christ.  It is possible to apply these statements to David, though we need to keep some qualifications in mind.  However, no qualifications are needed when it comes to the Lord Jesus!  He truly IS righteous – God DID reward Him!  Jesus IS clean – Jesus NEVER put away God’s statutes, etc.

25 With the merciful You will show Yourself merciful; With a blameless man You will show Yourself blameless; 26 With the pure You will show Yourself pure; And with the devious You will show Yourself shrewd. 27 For You will save the humble people, But will bring down haughty looks.

  • God is just.  He responds righteously in every situation.
  • This doesn’t just apply to David.  David opens this up to anyone who places their faith & trust in God.
  • Affirmed in the NT as well!  God resists the proud, but gives grace to the humble. (Jas 4:6, 1 Pet 5:5)

28 For You will light my lamp; The LORD my God will enlighten my darkness. 29 For by You I can run against a troop, By my God I can leap over a wall. 30 As for God, His way is perfect; The word of the LORD is proven; He is a shield to all who trust in Him.

  • God enlightens: The word of God is a lamp unto our feet.  Jesus is the light of the world & changes us to do the same.
  • God empowers: If David can run against a troop through the power of God, so can we.  Nothing is impossible for Him; we can do all things through Christ who strengthens us.
  • God endures: God’s word is proven time after time.  It always endures & always shows God to be faithful to every promise & every Scripture.  We can trust God as David did.
  • God empowered David for the battle (vss. 31-45)

31 For who is God, except the LORD? And who is a rock, except our God?

  • As David writes of God’s empowering work, he starts by affirming that God is God.  God is the only God!  God is our only hope!  This is the foundation of our faith!  We don’t turn to anyone or anything apart from God in the Flesh, the Lord Jesus Christ first.  As with the disciples, where else would we go?  Who else has the words of eternal life?

32 It is God who arms me with strength, And makes my way perfect. 33 He makes my feet like the feet of deer, And sets me on my high places.

  • David understands that God is the one who strengthens his body & prepares him for the battle. God is not only our source, but He is our strength.

34 He teaches my hands to make war, So that my arms can bend a bow of bronze. 35 You have also given me the shield of Your salvation; Your right hand has held me up, Your gentleness has made me great.

  • God is the one who taught David how to fight.  He gave him the offensive weapons & skills (the bow of bronze); God gives him the defensive weapons and skills (shield of salvation).
  • The only difference between David & us in this is the type of weaponry.  For David it was physical; for us it is spiritual.  Yet God is still the one who equips us for the spiritual battle – He’s the one who gives us the spiritual armor. (Eph 6)

36 You enlarged my path under me, So my feet did not slip. 37 I have pursued my enemies and overtaken them; Neither did I turn back again till they were destroyed. 38 I have wounded them, So that they could not rise; They have fallen under my feet. 39 For You have armed me with strength for the battle; You have subdued under me those who rose up against me. 40 You have also given me the necks of my enemies, So that I destroyed those who hated me.

  • God is the one who gave the victories to David.  David had risen up multiple times in battle, but God is the one who gave the victory every time. (Notice the “You have” repetition in vss. 39-40.)  Ultimately, David’s victories are the Lord’s victories.

41 They cried out, but there was none to save; Even to the LORD, but He did not answer them. 42 Then I beat them as fine as the dust before the wind; I cast them out like dirt in the streets.

  • Compare this with vs. 6.  In verse 6, David cried out to the Lord & was assured of the Lord’s answer.  In vs. 41 the enemies cry out (even unto God), but God does NOT answer them.  The difference isn’t found in the words of David’s prayer; it’s found in his relationship with God.  David belonged to the Lord & trusted Him for salvation; the enemies of David simply prayed in vain.

43 You have delivered me from the strivings of the people; You have made me the head of the nations; A people I have not known shall serve me. 44 As soon as they hear of me they obey me; The foreigners submit to me. 45 The foreigners fade away, And come frightened from their hideouts.

  • Beyond the personal enemies of David, God also empowered David for national & international victories.  God was the one who expanded the kingdom of Israel & caused the Gentile nations to take notice.
  • This is certainly true of David, but it’s even more true of the Lord Jesus Christ!  Ultimately, this is to be fulfilled in the Millennial Kingdom.  All the world (Jew & Gentile alike) will submit & serve the Messiah King.
  • Final proclamation of praise (vss. 46-50)

46 The LORD lives! Blessed be my Rock! Let the God of my salvation be exalted.

  • In light of all of this, David simply erupts in praise!  He can’t hold it back any longer!

47 It is God who avenges me, And subdues the peoples under me; 48 He delivers me from my enemies. You also lift me up above those who rise against me; You have delivered me from the violent man.

  • Look at all these things that God did on David’s behalf!  God avenged – God subdued – God delivered – God lifted up David.
  • Those are the same things that God does on our behalf because of Jesus.  God avenges us against the enemy: sin & death.  God delivers us from the violent man of Satan & hides us in the strength of Jesus Christ.

49 Therefore I will give thanks to You, O LORD, among the Gentiles, And sing praises to Your name.

  • Note the “therefore”…there’s got to be some sort of response to God’s wonderful work in David’s life – and there is!  Therefore, David will give thanks & praise!
  • Take the time to give God thanks & praise!  When you’ve acknowledged the work of God in your life, turn & give God the praise He so richly deserves.  As David wrote in vs. 3, God is “worthy to be praised!”

50 Great deliverance He gives to His king, And shows mercy to His anointed, To David and his descendants forevermore.

  • Beyond the promise to David himself, David understands there is a promise to his descendants.  The covenant of God is a perpetual covenant – each of the sons of David could be assured of finding mercy (chesed) in God & deliverance in Him when they turned to God in trust & faith. 
  • Ultimately fulfilled in Christ!  Paul even makes reference to this by quoting vs. 49 as the book of Romans comes to a close: Romans 15:8–9, "(8) Now I say that Jesus Christ has become a servant to the circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm the promises made to the fathers, (9) and that the Gentiles might glorify God for His mercy, as it is written: “For this reason I will confess to You among the Gentiles, And sing to Your name.” " []  The promises that God made to David regarding his descendants find their fulfillment in the Lord Jesus!  Not only does God show mercy to David by delivering him, God shows mercy to him (and all of us) by sending the Deliverer.  The mercy that comes through Christ doesn’t just go to David’s family, but unto all the world – even us as the Gentiles!  God showed mercy to His anointed (David), and God shows mercy through His Anointed (Jesus).
    • Have you received of that mercy?

What a wonderful before/after shot of David!  First we see him pleading to God for deliverance based upon God’s own covenant promises.  Then we see him praising God for the lifetime of deliverance he experience based upon God’s incredible work, power, and glory. 

Obviously more than David can sing these songs – we can as well.  God has shown Himself faithful when He gave us the perfect Deliverer in Jesus Christ.  God gives us the strength & the power we need through the Holy Spirit.  God equips us for the spiritual battles we face through the word of God.  Have you availed yourself of His deliverance?  Keep in mind we can think of this on a couple of levels:

  • You may not yet be forgiven of your sins.  God offers His deliverance through Jesus Christ to grant you forgiveness.  Jesus died on the cross not for the sins He committed (because He had committed no sin), but for the sins YOU & I committed.  The good news is that God offers to grant you forgiveness & deliver you from the wages of sin, which is eternal suffering & death in Hell.  God will grant forgiveness to all who humble themselves & place their faith & trust in Christ Jesus as Lord.
  • Maybe you’re already a Christian, but you don’t avail yourself of the power & strength of God.  Too many Christians treat their walk with Christ as a one-time snapshot – they ask Jesus to forgive them & be their Lord, and then proceed to attempt to live life on their own without Jesus’ help.  Understand this: the work of Jesus was absolutely crucial for our forgiveness – the work of Jesus is also crucial for our ongoing walk with Him!  We are dependent upon His power & His grace.  Take the opportunity tonight to cast yourself at His feet & pray to be filled anew with the Holy Spirit, and truly led by your Deliverer every day of your life.

After that?  Give God the praise!  Lift your voices & your hearts in glorious praise to your glorious King!  God has done a wonderful work – He is worthy of all the praise we can give!


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