Trumpets of Judgment

Posted: January 9, 2011 in Revelation

Revelation 8:1-13, “Trumpets of Judgment”

Introduction:
Imagine yourself at the end of the 1st Century – before electricity, steam power, or even general running water.  Now attempt to describe a nuclear holocaust.  Undoubtedly, it would sound a lot like what the Apostle John writes in Revelation 8.  The difference, of course, is that what John describes is no man-made war machine, but the outpouring of the holy judgment of God.  The blessed “silver lining” in all of this is that those who are in Christ won’t be here to experience any of this…we’ll be in the throne room of Heaven giving glory to God.

BTW – it’s a common criticism of those who hold a pre-tribulational/pre-millennial view of Revelation that we tend to look with glee on the judgments to come, knowing we’ll be watching from the sidelines of heaven while incredible destruction takes place on the earth.  Let’s be clear: there’s nothing joyful in judgment, other than knowing God is glorified in all He does.  There will be incredible suffering on the earth during the days of the Great Tribulation – as Jesus described it, “such as has not been since the beginning of the world until this time, no, nor shall ever be.” (Mt. 24:21)  We’ve already started to see the beginning stages of this tribulation during the opening of the 6 previous seals; now they start to begin in earnest.  Our response to this isn’t one of glee, but (1) somber reverence of God, and (2) fervent prayer for people to be saved.

Review context:

  1. Ch 4: John was given a vision of Heaven where he saw incredible living creatures (seraphim) continually worshipping God.  They were joined by 24 elders (likely representing the Church) who cast their crowns before God & gave Him honor & praise. 
  2. Ch 5: A cry went out throughout creation looking for Someone who would be worthy to open the scroll of God (His Divine judgment & plan for the earth).  The only one worthy?  None other but Christ Jesus.  He is both the Lion of the Tribe of Judah & the Lamb of God slain from the foundation of the world.  Like God the Father, God the Son is also worthy of worship from all Creation.
  3. Ch 6: The scroll is opened by Christ, who breaks the 1st 6 (of 7) seals.  The 1st 4 seals are the 4 horsemen of the Apocalypse (Antichrist – War – Economic collapse – Death/pestilence).  The 5th seal was the cry of the 1st martyrs of the Tribulation, crying out for justice…  The 6th seal showed the birth pangs of the Tribulation as supernatural disasters began to pour out on the earth, as those who remained began to recognize the hand of God & His wrath.
  4. Ch 7: The timeline of the Tribulation takes a break as we get an overview of those whom God saves by His grace in Christ.  The 1st group are 144K of the tribes of Israel who were sealed by God for protection from His judgments poured out on the earth.  The 2nd group is an innumerable multitude from all nations who were saved by grace, but persecuted unto death.  Yet their suffering is over, and Jesus comforts them for all eternity, wiping every tear from their eye.

 

Ch 7 was about those God saved during the Tribulation; Ch 8-9 shows some of the methods that God used to likely bring many of them to their knees.  For some, the goodness of God is what brings us to repentance; others need to be humbled as they understand the sinfulness of their own sin by witnessing the holiness of God.  By this point, God has announced the coming judgment; what will it take for people to respond?

Revelation 8 (NKJV)
1 When He opened the seventh seal, there was silence in heaven for about half an hour.

  1. After 4 chapters full of songs of praise & worship & a description of Heaven that features angels that never stop proclaiming the praise of God, any moment of silence is striking…not to mention 30 minutes worth.  30 seconds of silence on radio is considered “dead air”…30 minutes of silence in Heaven underscores the seriousness of what is about to happen.  This is the calm before the storm; the silence prior to judgment.

2 And I saw the seven angels who stand before God, and to them were given seven trumpets.

  1. Who are these 7 angels?  The Bible doesn’t directly tell us – though perhaps Gabriel gives a clue when he introduces himself to Zechariah as one “who stands in the presence of God.” (Luke 1:19)  The non-canonical book of Enoch 1 mentions Gabriel & 6 other angels (including Michael) as those who stand before God.  There may or may not be any validity in the names, but apparently there are 7 angels who have a ministry of standing in the presence of God, ministering to Him as God gives them assignment.  (Powers & principalities – rankings among the angels…)
  2. They also apparently have an essential role in dispensing the judgment of God.  The Lord Jesus opened the 7 seals of the scroll, and the 7th opened the way for the 7 trumpets to be distributed.  Although scholars debate how it all works, it seems that somehow all 7 trumpet judgments are contained within the 7th seal, and that all 7 bowl/vial judgments are contained within the 7th trumpet.  In any case, these trumpets are distributed by Christ to these 7 angels of presence.  Trumpets were often used in the OT to call the people to assembly, to move on through the wilderness, or to war.  Here the trumpets are used to proclaim the judgment of God.
    1. Is the 7th trumpet the “last trump”?  No…that belongs to Christ alone as the “trump of God” (1 Thess 4:16); these are blown by the angels.  The last trump is specifically connected with the rapture & resurrection (1 Cor 15:52); the 7th trumpet is connected with the bowl/vial judgments.
  3. These angels (at least the 1st 4) seem to be linked with the 4 angels that were at the 4 corners of the earth, holding back the wind (the judgments of God).  In Ch 7, the earth was not allowed to be harmed, but now that the 144K of Israel are sealed & the martyrs are appointed to be saved, the time is right for the judgment of God to come forth.

3 Then another angel, having a golden censer, came and stood at the altar. He was given much incense, that he should offer it with the prayers of all the saints upon the golden altar which was before the throne. 4 And the smoke of the incense, with the prayers of the saints, ascended before God from the angel’s hand.

  1. Before the trumpets sound – there’s one brief moment of preparation: prayer.  What’s pictured here was a typical function of the OT priest in the Tabernacle/Temple.  We know that the Tabernacle was a picture of the Heavenly Tabernacle – Moses was given a vision of what the Heavenly throne room looked like & was told to make a copy of it (Heb 8:5).  Outside of the Tabernacle was the brazen altar, where sacrifices were killed & consumed by fire in worship of God.  Inside the Tabernacle was the altar of incense, where a priest would take some coals from the brazen altar & use them to burn a special mixture of incense to the Lord on the inside, symbolizing the prayers of the saints rising up to God & being accepted in His sight.
    1. This is what our prayers are in the sight of God: sweet smelling incense to His throne. Sometimes people wonder if prayer does anything.  Be assured of this: God WANTS you to pray!  He invites us to pray.  Our prayers are even involved in the coming judgment of God…certainly our prayers have an effect!
  2. Who is this angel?  Some believe this is Jesus as the Angel of the Lord (as He is the one Mediator between God & man); others believe this is just another angel acting under the authority of Christ in this priestly role (“another” = another of the same kind, i.e. of the other 7).  The identity of the angel doesn’t matter quite as much as what he does: offer the incense from the altar to God that accompanied the prayer of the saints. …  What prayer is being prayed?  Likely the same prayer seen the 5th Seal: “How long until judgment?”  This prayer is about to be answered in a most visible way!

5 Then the angel took the censer, filled it with fire from the altar, and threw it to the earth. And there were noises, thunderings, lightnings, and an earthquake. 6 So the seven angels who had the seven trumpets prepared themselves to sound.

  1. Now this is something not normally seen in Tabernacle/Temple worship.  Normally fire would not be thrown down to the ground – but it is here in the Heavenly throne room.  As if the prayers that rise up from the saints are answered by throwing down fire from heaven, God gives one final warning to the earth prior to the trumpets sounding.
  2. Keep in mind this is only the prelude to the trumpets.  “Noises, thunderings, lightnings, and an earthquake” that are supernaturally caused might be bad enough on their own (indeed, the earth by this point had already experienced much of this in the 6th seal), but these are only the beginnings of something much bigger.
    1. For all the judgments that are about to come, have you noticed the amount of warning God gives?  Over & over God gives clear signs in the heavens, on the earth, through the proclamation of His word & much more of what He’s about to do.  All that is needed are people to repent.  Obviously many do (seen by the multitudes in Ch 7), but many do not.  The key?  LISTEN to God while you have the opportunity!  Listen to God while you hear His voice!
  3. Ch 8 looks at the 1st 4 of the 7 trumpets.  They have two common themes: (1) As with the 6th seal, these are supernaturally caused disasters upon the natural earth. (2) They are extremely reminiscent of several of the plagues God sent upon Egypt when He was freeing the Hebrews from slavery.  What do we know about the Egyptian plagues?
    1. They were literal.  There was nothing symbolic about the Egyptian plagues; they actually saw the frogs, the locusts, the dark, and the death of the 1st born.  These were very real events to them.  For all the discussion & debate that takes place among theologians on whether or not the trumpet judgments (and other judgments) in Revelation are literal, we need to remember that (1) with God, no physical act is beyond the realm of possibility…after all, He IS all-powerful & nothing is too hard for Him.  And (2) these sort of physical judgments DO have a literal historical precedent.  The same God that turned the Nile River to blood surely can turn 1/3 of the seas into blood.  There is zero reason to attempt to spiritualize the text here & explain it away.  If the word “sea” doesn’t mean “sea,” (or whatever), there’s no reason that “angel” should mean “angel” or anything else & we just make things up as we go along.  We MUST start with the text of Scripture & take it for what it is.
    2. Though some hardened their heart (Pharaoh), others recognized God’s work & pleaded for Pharaoh to relent – and some even joined the Hebrews on their exodus of Egypt as a part of the “mixed multitude.”  Likewise, the time of the Tribulation will prove to be a time of huge numbers of people coming to Christ (as shown in Ch 7).  These very judgments are partially the reason why they put their faith in Christ, as they recognize the hand of God at work.
    3. God gave the plagues for a purpose besides freeing the Israelites: His judgments would show His glory & demonstrate who He is.  Exodus 7:4-5 (4) But Pharaoh will not heed you, so that I may lay My hand on Egypt and bring My armies and My people, the children of Israel, out of the land of Egypt by great judgments. (5) And the Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord, when I stretch out My hand on Egypt and bring out the children of Israel from among them.” []  Through His judgments, God removed all excuses from the people of Egypt not to recognize Him as God & repent.  Likewise with the judgments of Revelation…  God desires ALL men to be saved & come to the knowledge of the truth (1 Tim 2:4) – God takes no pleasure in the death of the wicked (Ezek 33:11) – God is not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance (2 Pet 3:9).  Thus in these trumpet judgments, God is giving every opportunity for that to take place, as well as stripping away every excuse from people not to repent.

7 The first angel sounded: And hail and fire followed, mingled with blood, and they were thrown to the earth. And a third of the trees were burned up, and all green grass was burned up.

  1. The 1st trumpet: hail.  For the Egyptians, this was the 7th plague & looked very similar to what’s described here.  Exodus 9:24-25 (24) So there was hail, and fire mingled with the hail, so very heavy that there was none like it in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation. (25) And the hail struck throughout the whole land of Egypt, all that was in the field, both man and beast; and the hail struck every herb of the field and broke every tree of the field. []  Likewise, with the hail of the 1st trumpet, 1/3 of all the trees on the earth will be burnt as hail & fire fall from the heavens.  For those of you who have seen wildfires or forest fires – imagine the sight of 30% of the earth’s vegetation being burned at one time.  This is absolutely massive destruction.  Keep in mind that with the 3rd seal, there was already an economic collapse on food prices & the 4th seal saw people dying of hunger.  All of this would be intensified as all the crops & farms are burned along with the trees.
  2. Why is the blood mingled with the hail?  This could be a supernatural mixture sent by God as part of the judgment; it could simply be the blood of birds as the hail passes through the sky.  Others think this could be a reference to volcanic lava & ash spewing through the atmosphere (the lava having the look of blood) – though John doesn’t specify such a thing.

8 Then the second angel sounded: And something like a great mountain burning with fire was thrown into the sea, and a third of the sea became blood. 9 And a third of the living creatures in the sea died, and a third of the ships were destroyed.

  1. The 2nd trumpet: the sea turning to blood.  The item like the “great mountain burning with fire” is obviously the cause, but the focus of the text is on the effect: that 1/3 of the sea becomes blood & the sea creatures & ships (1/3) are destroyed.  Much speculation is given to the “great mountain,” but notice that John never states it IS an actual mountain; just something “like” a great mountain.  Obviously John is not quite sure exactly how to describe what he witnessed.  Whether this was an asteroid of some sort, or a massive fireball along the lines of a nuclear mushroom cloud, we don’t know (and have no way of knowing).  What we DO know is that something huge burning with fire entered the sea with devastating effects.
  2. Does the sea actually turn to blood?  There’s no reason to assume it doesn’t – again, God turned the Nile River to blood as the 1st plague upon Egypt.  Whether the water was in the river or in buckets & pots, it didn’t matter – all of it turned to blood & killed the fish (Exo 7:17-19).  In Revelation, there are two possible answers for a literal interpretation: (1) God changes the physical molecular structure of the water into actual blood, or (2) there’s so much death of marine life in the sea that the waters where the “great mountain” object struck all turned bloody.
  3. Note the escalation here regarding the world economy.  With the 1st trumpet, 1/3 of the crops were destroyed; with the 2nd trumpet, 1/3 of the shipping distribution is destroyed.  Shipping still plays a huge role in our global economy, through imported oil & imported goods, to the raw materials & supplies that are exported throughout the world.  This 2nd trumpet will continue the massive financial devastation that will be taking effect. [] Question: why do the judgments of God affect the world finances?  That seems so removed – even political to our ears.  Why would God care about such a thing?  Probably for two reasons:
    1. The primary idol of our day is not Baal nor Dagon nor the false gods of Egypt; it’s the dollar.  No matter what country to travel to around the globe, people are obsessed with money & give it their worship rather than worshipping the one true God.  By striking the world’s finances, God will be showing Himself God above our false idols.
    2. Secondly, few things seem to get a person’s attention faster than by taking out their wallet.  Even in medical emergencies, once the initial shock passes, the 1st thing people think about is “How am I going to pay for this?”  To take away the crutch of our financial dependence is to take away a primary excuse for people not to turn to God – which is exactly the point.  God will do what it takes to get our attention.

10 Then the third angel sounded: And a great star fell from heaven, burning like a torch, and it fell on a third of the rivers and on the springs of water. 11 The name of the star is Wormwood. A third of the waters became wormwood, and many men died from the water, because it was made bitter.

  1. The 3rd trumpet: the waters made bitter.  As with the 2nd trumpet, this has a cause that falls from the heaven – only instead of this being described like a great mountain, it’s described as a “great star.”  At this point, many who doubt the literal nature of these judgments will say: “See?  This can’t be literal.  A star could not literally fall upon the earth; a star is thousands of times bigger than our planet.”  Two answers here:
    1. The word “star” can mean other things besides a large gaseous ball in space.  Meteors & asteroids are commonly called “shooting stars” & comets could be referred to as “stars” (especially one that burns like a torch). 
    2. The text doesn’t actually say anything about the star’s impact (as it does the great mountain that was “thrown into the sea”).  There’s a possibility here that the star-object disintegrates in the atmosphere (like many meteors do every year), but that the fallout from this star has a direct impact upon the rivers & springs.  (It’s interesting that in the 2nd trumpet, the salt water resources were affected; in the 3rd trumpet it’s the fresh-water resources.)
  2. The effect here?  The waters are made “bitter” – they won’t be potable for drinking.  Not only would this kill off the fish & other wildlife in the rivers, but it apparently kills off “many men” who drink from the water.  The bitterness from the star is so poisonous, it kills them.  “Wormwood” is a type of bitter plant & thus is the name given to the star because of the bitterness it brings. 
    1. Have you ever been without water for more than a few hours?  Hurricanes can disrupt potable water supplies for weeks – but imagine 1/3 of the water supplies being instantaneously disrupted around the world.  We have arguments today about water sources being tapped from cities 200 miles away; imagine the conflicts that break out when 30% of the water worldwide is gone.
  3. This trumpet doesn’t have a direct correlation to the plagues within Egypt (though perhaps a bit of the carry-over from the Nile turning to blood), but it does have a direct correlation to an event the Hebrews experienced upon leaving Egypt.  Exodus 15:22-25a (22) So Moses brought Israel from the Red Sea; then they went out into the Wilderness of Shur. And they went three days in the wilderness and found no water. (23) Now when they came to Marah, they could not drink the waters of Marah, for they were bitter. Therefore the name of it was called Marah. (24) And the people complained against Moses, saying, “What shall we drink?” (25a) So he cried out to the Lord, and the Lord showed him a tree. When he cast it into the waters, the waters were made sweet. []  Keep in mind that “bitter” here does not refer to a mere sour taste (like too much lemon); it refers to a condition where the water is so bad that by drinking it the people would die.  Bitterness brings death, and God was their only hope for life.  The solution to bitter waters wasn’t just ANY tree; it was in the tree that God showed Moses.  Likewise with us.  Our sin is bitterness to our soul & will eventually kill us (the wages of sin is death – Rom 6:23).  The solution to the bitterness of sin isn’t found in our own efforts; it’s found in the tree Jesus hung on – the cross.

12 Then the fourth angel sounded: And a third of the sun was struck, a third of the moon, and a third of the stars, so that a third of them were darkened. A third of the day did not shine, and likewise the night.

  1. The 4th trumpet: darkness.  Through some unnamed supernatural cause, the sky is darkened & light is decreased by 1/3.  There is a bit of disagreement about what this might be.  Some believe that because of the smoke from the fires in the 1st trumpet (and perhaps the 2nd) that the overall intensity of the light is decreased by a third.  (Like driving through a constant haze as the result of wildfires.)  Others think that perhaps there’s a type of never-ending eclipse that takes place that plunges the world into literal darkness for 30% of the normal day – even the night is darker than what it normally is as 1/3 of the stars don’t shine.  The 2nd possibility more closely aligns with the plagues of Egypt, as the 9th plague was a supernatural darkness that fell on the land of Egypt, while the dwelling places of the Hebrews had plenty of light (Exo 10:21-23).
    1. Note this also has a financial impact.  Thus far, the crops were burned – the fishing & shipping industries destroyed – the drinkable water taken away.  Now even production is hampered.  How can crops be regrown if there’s not enough sunlight for them to grow?  Not only has much of the food been taken away, there’s not an opportunity for it to be replenished.
  2. Although this 4th trumpet sounds the least devastating out of the others so far (comparatively speaking), this is actually the most visible.  With the other 3 trumpets, people would feel the effects worldwide, but they might not have actually witnessed it.  At the very least, they could attempt to ignore it for stretches of time.  With the darkness, there’s no getting around it.  This will be a constant reminder of the judgment of God, and every single person on the planet will be directly affected by it.
  3. As much as we are reminded that many people will come to Christ as a result of these judgments, will everyone do so?  No.  The darkness only reminds of that.  John 3:19-21 (19) And this is the condemnation, that the light has come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil. (20) For everyone practicing evil hates the light and does not come to the light, lest his deeds should be exposed. (21) But he who does the truth comes to the light, that his deeds may be clearly seen, that they have been done in God.” []  The darkness is a judgment, but it’s also reflective of the heart of sinful man.  Those who rebel against the Light of the world (Christ Jesus) love their dark deeds more than the cleansing that Jesus can give them.  As much as God reaches out to the world, there will be some that continue to shake their fist in rebellion against Him.
    1. Don’t be one of them!  When you hear the calling & conviction of the Lord, respond.  Repent while you know you have the opportunity to do so…

 

13 And I looked, and I heard an angel flying through the midst of heaven, saying with a loud voice, “Woe, woe, woe to the inhabitants of the earth, because of the remaining blasts of the trumpet of the three angels who are about to sound!”

  1. Is this an angel or eagle?  The vast majority of manuscripts actually have “eagle” here – but considering some angelic creatures have been seen to have the face or appearance of eagles (Rev 4:7), it doesn’t seem to make much of a difference.  What the creature announces is what’s truly important: there’s more to come.  As bad as these 1st 4 trumpets were, there’s much more to come.  In fact, the 1st 4 trumpets don’t seem to be much compared to what’s about to follow – the next three trumpets are all labeled as “woes.”  (3 “woes” for 3 trumpets)  The next few judgments are going to be truly terrible; no one is going to want to endure living through those days. 
  2. Question: why 1/3 in all of the previous trumpet judgments?  1/3 of all the trees burnt, 1/3 of the sea turning to blood, 1/3 of the rivers made bitter, etc.  Obviously there’s more judgment to come, so God is not pouring out all of His judgment just yet.  But think of it this way: 1/3 is a demonstration of God’s mercy.  It’s not 2/3 or 5/6 or even 100% yet, though God has the complete right to do so at this point.  It’s 1/3…surely devastating, and those who die at that time will face their own judgment – but for those who remain, it is a time of extended mercy as God gives them even more opportunity to repent!

Conclusion:

So the judgments have begun, and there is much more on the way.  The scene is so serious that all of Heaven is silent before the trumpets sound, and then things progress at a terrifyingly rapid rate.  The ecology on the planet is struck & the economy is decimated as God begins to pour out His judgment and wrath on earth.  At this point, things are so horrible & frightening, people would have to wonder: is there any hope?

The glorious answer is “yes!”  Yes, there IS hope – hope that can only be found in Christ Jesus.  All the world has the opportunity now to come to Christ, humbling ourselves before Him as Lord & receiving the grace He offers us through the cross.  We have that hope of glory now because we come to Him now as our Lord & King.  The question that faces the world is this: will we respond to Jesus now in His compassionate grace – or will it take the outpouring of His wrath?  God is gracious – and He desires to men to be saved.  He will do what is necessary & right to get our attention & to bring us to our knees.  God’s judgment is not only a demonstration of His anger at sin; it’s a demonstration of His love for His creation in His righteous desire for us to be saved.

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Comments
  1. Em says:

    thank you again Pastor Tim – more good teachings on the subject …
    the page i am looking at ends with “666 … Who is he?” that threw me for a minute as it didn’t sound like your style and then i realized it was a Google ad 🙂

  2. Tim Burns,
    I grew up a Bar-mitzvahed Jew who at age 44 asked Jesus into my life as my Lord and Savior and became a Christian. I am also a geologist and an archeologist. I read your posting on the Seven Trumpets. God bless you all in your study of Revelation. I have just finsished my first book since becoming a believer. In this book I go into detail about the scriptures that relate to comets in regard to OT events and end times prophecies. The Seven Trumpets are covered in great detail. The book is “THE COMETS OF GOD – New Scientific Evidence for God: Recent archeological, geological and astronomical discoveries that shine new light on the Bible and its prophecies” by Jeffrey Goodman Ph.D. Please permit me to convey some information to your about the Seven Trumpets.

    The COMETS OF GOD gives scientific explanations for the catastrophic events the Bible prophesies to occur during the “end times.” These catastrophic events are to lead to the end of the world as we know it. Many will be surprised to learn that the key to understanding passages such as the Seven Trumpets and Seven Vials of the Bible’s “Book of Revelation” are comets, not nuclear bombs. All the nuclear bombs in the world detonated together cannot produce a fraction of the amount of energy needed to produce the mega-disasters called for during the “end times.” Yet, a large comet impact could cause the earth to rock in space, cause an earthquake that is over 14 on the Richter scale, unleash a series of tsunamis whose waves exceed a mile in height, and even cause the earth’s crust to melt. Many prophetic passages suddenly make sense once we recognize that much of “Revelation’s” mysterious imagery is describing the effects of comet impact. Incoming comets produce different types of destruction depending on whether the comet explodes after hitting the atmosphere, the land, the sea, the earth’s rivers and lakes, or after penetrating the earth’s crust. (For example, the 1st Trumpet is a land impact that sets forests ablaze, the 2nd a sea impact that causes a tsunami, the 3rd a lake and river impact by a comet rich in cyanide that poisons the waters-see press release, the 4th an atmospheric impact like the 1908 Tunguska Siberian impact that fills the sky with dust and burns men with the thermal wave resulting from the atmospheric explosion.) The Seven Trumpets of the “Book of Revelation” constitute descriptions of seven different comet impacts from the perspective of disaster to the earth, while the Seven Bowls refer to the same impacts from the perspective of disaster to men. In fact, planetary scientists have begun to write about how the catastrophes of “Revelation” accurately describe different types of cosmic impact. For example, Dr. John S. Lewis, a recently retired Professor of Planetary Sciences at the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, and Co-director of the NASA/University of Arizona Space Engineering Center comments in his book (pages 11-13) “Rain of Iron and Ice: The Very Real Threat of Comet and Asteroid Bombardment:”
    . . . the description of future events in Revelation leans heavily upon the phenomenology of violent cosmic events . . . The central theme is clear and unambiguous: the events described in Revelation are of astronomical origin and describe real physical events, not mere portents or symbols.” And Revelation’s (16:19-20) prophecy of the cities of the world falling and the mountains of the world melting may seem farfetched, but now it must be examined in light of scientists’ recently learning what a comet penetrating the earth’s crust can do.
    The website for the book is http://www.thecometsofgod.com and it contains links to over 50 recent articles that bear on this issue. The first few chapters of the book can also be read on the site.
    In the book I explain that when the correct definitions of key words are considered in light of recent astronomical knowledge, a large body of internally consistent and detailed scientific information about comets emerges from the pages of the Bible. For example, two of these key words are “star” and “host.” To the ancient Hebrews and Greeks the word “star” was a non-specific term used to designate any of the luminous bodies seen in the heavens, including comets, meteors and planets. The word “host” or “host of heaven” was a reference to various objects in heaven and in particular comets. The Sumerians, Akkadians and Babylonians believed the objects of heaven, and most importantly comets were indwelt by a pantheon of gods which they feared and worshipped (Deuteronomy 4:19, 17:3 and Acts 7:42).
    Below are three press releases that relate to NASA’s discovery of new info about comets based on recent photos of Comet Hartley 2, but information given in the 6th Trumpet and the 7th Vial shows that the Bible knew this info about comets first.
    Information Gained from Comet Hartley Already Written About in the Bible
    http://christiannewswire.com/news/1988715493.html

    Data from Comet Hartley Continues to Support the Bible
    http://christiannewswire.com/news/4010715546.html

    What the Bible Knew First
    http://christiannewswire.com/news/3129015704.html

    After going over this material if you have any questions or I can be of help please feel free to contact me.

    Blessings,
    Jeffrey Goodman, Ph.D. jg@thecometsofgod.com http://www.thecometsofgod.com

  3. timburns says:

    Em –
    Yikes! The least the Google ad could do would be to wait until Chapter 13. 😉 Blessings to you!

  4. timburns says:

    Dr. Goodman –
    Thank you so much for stopping by, and for your comment. That’s a very interesting idea. I look forward to looking over your website.

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